HGSH [CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE] 10-K:

Ticker: HGSH, Company: CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE INC., Type: 10-K, Date: 2019-01-10, XBRL Interactive Financials
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s:414286:" 10-K 1 tv509088_10k.htm FORM 10-K

¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer ¨ Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer x Smaller reporting company x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes¨ Nox

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant, based upon the closing price of the registrant’s common stock on March 30, 2018, the last business day of the Company's second fiscal quarter, as reported by the NASDAQ Stock Market LLC on that date, was $17,776,700. This calculation does not reflect a determination that certain persons are affiliates of the registrant for any other purpose.

As of January 4, 2019, the number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock was 45,050,000.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

None.

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE INC.

FORM 10-K

For the Fiscal Year Ended September 30, 2018

INDEX

Page
PART I
Item 1. Business 2
Item 1A. Risk Factors 13
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments 23
Item 2. Properties 23
Item 3. Legal Proceedings 24
Item 4. Mine and Safety Disclosure 24
PART II
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 24
Item 6. Selected Financial Data 26
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 26
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 41
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 42
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 73
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures 73
Item 9B. Other Information 74
PART III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 75
Item 11. Executive Compensation 78
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters 80
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence 82
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services 83
PART IV
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules 84
SIGNATURES 86

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This annual report on Form 10-K (the “Report”) and other reports (collectively the “Filings”) filed by the registrant from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) contain or may contain forward looking statements and information that are based upon beliefs of, and information currently available to, the registrant’s management as well as estimates and assumptions made by the registrant’s management. When used in the filings the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “future,” “intend,” “plan” or the negative of these terms and similar expressions as they relate to the registrant or the registrant’s management identify forward looking statements. Such statements reflect the current view of the registrant with respect to future events and are subject to risks, uncertainties, assumptions and other factors (including the risks contained in the section of this Report entitled “Risk Factors”) relating to the registrant’s industry, the registrant’s operations and results of operations and any businesses that may be acquired by the registrant. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should the underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results may differ significantly from those anticipated, believed, estimated, expected, intended or planned.

Although the registrant believes that the expectations reflected in the forward looking statements are reasonable, the registrant cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States, the registrant does not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements to conform these statements to actual results. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the registrant’s financial statements and the related notes thereto included in this Report.

In this Report, “we,” “our,” “us,” “China HGS Real Estate Inc. or the “Company” sometimes refers collectively to China HGS and its subsidiaries and affiliated companies.

PART I

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

Our Organization

China HGS Real Estate Inc. (the “Company” or “China HGS,” “we”, “our”, “us”), formerly known as China Agro Sciences Corp.,  is a corporation organized under the laws of the State of Florida.

HGS Investment is a Delaware corporation and owns 100% of the equity interest in Shaanxi HGS Management and Consulting Co., Ltd. (“Shaanxi HGS”), a wholly owned foreign entity incorporated under the laws of the People’s Republic of China (“PRC” or “China”).

China HGS does not conduct any substantive operations of its own. Instead, through its subsidiary, Shaanxi HGS, it entered into certain exclusive contractual agreements with Shaanxi Guangsha Investment and Development Group Co., Ltd. (“Guangsha”). Pursuant to these agreements, Shaanxi HGS is obligated to absorb a majority of the risk of loss from Guangsha’s activities and entitles Shaanxi HGS to receive a majority of Guangsha’s expected residual returns. In addition, Guangsha’s shareholders have pledged their equity interest in Guangsha to Shaanxi HGS, irrevocably granted Shaanxi HGS an exclusive option to purchase, to the extent permitted under PRC Law, all or part of the equity interests in Guangsha and agreed to entrust all the rights to exercise their voting power to the person(s) appointed by Shaanxi HGS.

Based on these contractual arrangements, we believe that Guangsha should be considered a “Variable Interest Entity” (“VIE”) under ASC 810 “Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities, an Interpretation of ARB No. 51”, because the equity investors in Guangsha no longer have the characteristics of a controlling financial interest, and the Company, through Shaanxi HGS, is the primary beneficiary of Guangsha and its operations.

Our Company, along with our subsidiaries and VIE, engages in real estate development, primarily in the construction and sale of residential apartments, car parks and commercial properties.

Guangsha was organized in August 1995 as a limited liability company under the laws of the PRC. Guangsha is headquartered in the city of Hanzhong, Shaanxi Province. Guangsha is engaged in developing large scale and high quality commercial and residential projects, including multi-layer apartment buildings, sub-high-rise apartment buildings, high-rise apartment buildings, and office buildings.

Our corporate structure is set forth below:

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Business Overview

We conduct substantially all of our business through our subsidiary and VIE in China. All of our business is conducted in mainland China. Guangsha was founded by Mr. Xiaojun Zhu, our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer and commenced operations in 1995 in Hanzhong, a prefecture-level city in Shaanxi Province.

Since Guangsha was founded, management has been focused on expanding our business in Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities and counties in China that we strategically select based on population and urbanization growth rates, general economic conditions and growth rates, income and purchasing power of resident consumers, anticipated demand for private residential properties, availability of future land supply and land prices, and governmental urban planning and development policies. We utilize a standardized and scalable model that emphasizes rapid asset turnover, efficient capital management and strict cost control. We plan to expand into strategically selected Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities and counties with real estate development potential in Shaanxi Province, and expect to benefit from rising demand for residential housing as a result of increasing income levels of consumers and growing populations in these cities and counties due to urbanization.

In fiscal 2019, our Liangzhou Road related projects, which consist of residential buildings, office buildings and commercial plaza, will start construction after the approval by the local government of the road and become a new city center of Hanzhong city.

Real Estate Industry Overview

During the volatile real estate market, the Company has been capitalizing on its inherent strengths and market opportunities in Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities and counties to deliver value for our shareholders. We feel confident and also competent to take on every challenge and grasp every opportunity during market consolidation. We expect to provide rapid response to the market on the basis of our projected business plans together with a flexible approach in seizing market opportunities; strict investment standard and prudent attitude towards investment opportunities, and appropriate replenishment of quality land resources in existing regions to realize value within the Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities and counties in Western China.

Company Positioning

The Company is headquartered in Hanzhong in the southwestern part of the Shaanxi province, in the center of the Hanzhong Basin, on the Han River, near the Sichuan border. According to the China City Statistical Yearbook, Hanzhong had a population of about 3.8 million in 2017 calendar year.

Hanzhong is a key transportation hub connecting China’s Middle Economic zone and Western Economic Zone. The travel time from Xi’an, the provincial capital of Shaanxi province, to Hanzhong takes less than 2 hours. The new airport in Hanzhong was completed and put into service in 2014. The airport is expected to handle 300,000 passengers and 1,300 tons of cargo by 2020. Xicheng, a high-speed railway between Chengdu, the provincial capital of Sichuan province, and Xi’an with a major stop in Hanzhong was completed in 2017. It takes 1.5 hours from Hanzhong to Xi’an and 2.5 hours from Hanzhong to Chengdu. The railway passenger’s volume is expected to increase from 1.5 million to 6 million by 2020.

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In accordance with Hanzhong Government’s 2017 annual report, Hanzhong’s GDP reached RMB 133.3 billion (approximately $20.4 billion) by 2017 calendar year, representing a 15.3% increase from 2016 calendar year. Residents’ annual disposable income for 2017 calendar year was RMB 27,812 (equivalent to $4,255), representing an 8.7% increase as compared to 2016 calendar year.

Many Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities and counties in China provide a major source of migration workers for the Tier 1 and Tier 2 cities in China. The income from migration workers also is becoming a significant factor in supporting the hometown economy. Based on Hanzhong Government’s 2017 annual report, the number of Hanzhong’s migration workers reached approximately 822,800 as of December 31, 2017 (2016 – 816,700). Total income from migration workers was about RMB 21.6 billion (equivalent to approximately $3.3 billion) in 2017 calendar year (2016 – RMB 17.6 billion or approximately $2.6 billion).

The target market of the Company is in Western China. The Company continues to focus on Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities and counties in acquiring sizable quality land reserves at low cost in a flexible and diversified manner. There has been an increasing demand for high quality residential housing, largely driven by the “Go West” policy and accelerated urbanization. Many buyers in Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities and counties are first time home buyers. In order to mitigate default risk, the Company generally requires from its homebuyer customers a deposit in the range of 30%-50% of the purchase price, which is higher than the percentage required by the government for the mortgage down payment.

The Company received the National Grade-I real-estate development qualification granted by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People's Republic of China ("MOHURD")"on October 12, 2011. The Grade-I real-estate development qualification is the highest qualification for real-estate developers in China and requires meeting several strict criteria, including:

a. Registered capital of at least RMB 50 million (approximately $7.3 million);

b. At least five years of experience in real estate development and operation;

c. The completion of construction of a total over 300,000 square meters. of ground floor area (GFA) within the last three years and, in the most recent year, developed real estate projects of at least 150,000 square meters; and

d. The completed real estate projects have no quality issues in each of the past five years; and an established, comprehensive quality control and guarantee system.

The National Grade-I real-estate development qualification provides significant opportunities for the Company to expand its operations beyond Shaanxi province into new regional real estate markets in China.

Looking ahead, the Company will continue to focus on developing high quality and large scale real estate projects in the suburban areas of Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities and counties with promising economic growth potential. Leveraging on its unique competitive strengths, and under the direction and guidance of the government’s macro policies, the Company expects to further replicate its successful business model into new high growth regions through strategic selection of project locations, a short project development schedule characterized by fast asset turnover and excellent execution ability, as well as innovative product offering closely in line with market demand. The Company aims at becoming a leading large-scale residential property developer in Western China and a well-recognized brand name.

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Pre-Sales and Sales

In the PRC, real estate developers are allowed to begin to market properties before construction is completed. Like other developers, we pre-sell properties prior to completion of construction. Under PRC pre-sales regulations, property developers must satisfy specific conditions before properties under construction can be pre-sold. These mandatory conditions include:

· the land premium must have been paid in full;

·

the land use rights certificate, the construction site planning permit, the construction work planning permit and the construction permit must have been obtained;

· at least 25% of the total project development cost must have been incurred;

· the progress and the expected completion and delivery date of the construction must be fixed;

· the pre-sale permit must have been obtained; and

· the completion of certain milestones in the construction processes must be specified by the local government authorities.

These mandatory conditions are designed to require a certain level of capital expenditure and substantial progress in project construction before the commencement of pre-sales. Generally, the local governments also require developers and property purchasers to have standard pre-sale contracts prepared under the auspices of the government. Developers are required to file all pre-sale contracts with local land bureaus and real estate administrations after entering into such contracts.

After-Sale Services and Delivery

We assist customers in arranging for and providing information related to financing. We also assist our customers in various title registration procedures related to their properties, and we have set up an ownership certificate team to assist purchasers to obtain their property ownership certificates. We offer various communication channels to customers to facilitate customer feedback collection. We also cooperate with property management companies that manage our properties and ancillary facilities, to handle customer feedback.

We endeavor to deliver the units to our customers on a timely basis. We closely monitor the progress of construction of our property projects and conduct pre-delivery property inspections to ensure timely delivery. The time frame for delivery is set out in the sale and purchase agreements entered into with our customers, and we are subject to penalty payments to the purchasers for any delay in delivery caused by us. The Company has never incurred any delay penalties. Once a property development has been completed, has passed the requisite government inspections and is ready for delivery, we will notify our customers and hand over keys and possession of the properties.

Marketing and Distribution Channel

We maintain a marketing and sales force for our development projects, which at September 30, 2018 consisted of 80 employees specializing in marketing and sales. We also train and use outside real estate agents to market and increase the public awareness of our projects, and spread the acceptance and influence of our brand. However, our marketing and sales are primarily conducted by our own sales force because we believe our own dedicated sales representatives are better motivated to serve our customers as well as to control our property pricing and selling expenses.

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Our marketing and sales team develops the appropriate advertising and selling plan for each project. We develop public awareness through marketing and advertising as well as referrals from customers. We utilize a customer relationship management system to track customer profiles, which helps us to forecast future customer requirements and general demand for our projects. This allows us to have real-time information on the status of individual customer transactions as well as available inventory by project, which enables us to better anticipate the preferences of current and future customers.

We use various advertising media to market our developments and enhance our brand name, including newspapers, magazines, television, radio, e-marketing and outdoor billboards. We also participate in real estate exhibitions.

We have also developed a strong relationship with local institutional purchasers and governments. The Company has entered into various significant residential-apartment group-purchase agreements with local government and institutional purchasers.

A typical real estate property sales transaction usually consists of three steps. First, the customer pays a deposit to the Company. Within a week, after paying the deposit, the customer will sign a purchase contract with us and make a down payment to us in cash. After making the down payment, the customer arranges for a mortgage loan for the balance of the purchase price. Once the loan is approved, the mortgage loan proceeds are paid to us directly by the bank. Finally, we deliver the property to the customer. Legal title, as evidenced by a property ownership certificate issued by local land and construction bureaus, will be delivered to the customer in 12 months from the property delivery date.

For customers purchasing properties with mortgage financing, under current PRC laws, their minimum down payment is 30% of the total purchase price for the purchase of the first self-use residential unit with total GFA of 90 square meters (about 970 square feet) or more on all existing units and those yet to be completed, and a down payment of 20% on the first residential units for self-use with total GFA of under 90 square meters. In order to mitigate the default risk, the Company requires from its homebuyer customers deposits ranging from 30% - 50% of the purchase price, which is higher than the percentage required by the government for the mortgage down payment.

Like most real estate companies in China, we generally provide guarantees to mortgagee banks in respect of the mortgage loans provided to the purchasers of our properties up until completion of the registration of the mortgage with the relevant mortgage registration authorities. As of September 30, 2018 the Company had security deposits for these guarantees amounted to approximately $3.5 million. Guarantees for mortgages on residential properties are typically discharged when the individual property ownership certificates are issued. In our experience, the issuance of the individual property ownership certificates typically takes six to twelve months, so our mortgage guarantees typically remain outstanding for up to twelve months after we deliver the underlying property.

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Our Property Development Operations

We have a systematic and standardized process of project development, which we implement through several well-defined phases. One critically significant portion of our process is the land acquisition process, which is segmented into three stages: (i) opportunity identification, (ii) initial planning and budgeting, and (iii) land use rights acquisition. The following diagram sets forth the key stages of our property development process.

Project
planning and
design
Project
construction
and
Management
Pre-sale, sale
and marketing
After-sale
and delivery
LAND ACQUISITION PROCESS
Opportunity
Identification
Initial
Planning
Land
Acquisition
-Strategic planning -Feasibility study -Financial assessment -Outsource architectural and engineering design -Outsource construction -Pre-sale -Delivery
-Geographic and market analysis -Preliminary design -Internal approval -Design management -Construction supervision -Marketing -Feedback collection
-Project evaluation -Bidding process -Arrange financing -Quality control -Advertising
-Completion inspection
-Landscaping and fixture installation

Our Projects

Overview

We develop the following three types of real estate projects, which may be developed in one or more phases:

· multi-layer apartment buildings, which are typically six stories or less;

· sub-high-rise apartment buildings, which are typically seven to 11 stories; and

· high-rise apartment buildings, which are typically 12 to 33 stories.

At any one time, our projects (or phases of our projects) are in one of the following three stages:

· completed projects, meaning properties for which construction has been completed;

· properties under construction, meaning properties for which construction permits have been obtained but construction has not been completed; and

· properties under planning, meaning properties for which we have entered into land grant contracts and are in the process of obtaining the required permits to begin construction.

Our main projects located in Hanzhong City are: Mingzhu Garden - Mingzhu Nanyuan, Mingzhu Beiyuan, Oriental Pearl Garden, Mingzhu Xinju and Liangzhou Road related projects. In Yang County, our project is Yangzhou Pearl Garden and Yangzhou Palace. Most projects are being developed in multiple phases.

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Real Estate Projects located in Hanzhong City

Mingzhu Garden - Mingzhu Nanyuan

Mingzhu Nanyuan consists of multi-layer residential buildings and sub-high-rise and high-rise residential buildings with commercial shops on the first floors, all of which were completed by fiscal 2012 with total GFA of 35,220 square meters. The unsold property remained in 4 residential buildings with total unsold GFA of 623 square meters as of September 30, 2018 (2017 – 1,057 square meters).

Mingzhu Garden - Mingzhu Beiyuan

This project is located in the southwest part of Hanzhong City. The Phase I project includes two high-rise residential buildings with commercial shops located on the first floor with unsold GFA of 2,256 square meters as of September 30, 2018 (2017 – 2,412 square meters). The Phase II Mingzhu Beiyuan project includes 17 high-rise residential buildings with GFA of 358,058 square meters. The Company started construction in the third quarter of fiscal 2012 and completed the construction in the last quarter of fiscal 2015. As of September 30, 2018, the unsold GFA was 117,056 square meters. (2017 – 142,288 square meters).

Mingzhu Xinju

This project is located in the downtown of Hanzhong City. It consists of two residential buildings, with commercial shops located on the first floors with total GFA of 21,137 square meters. One building was completed by fiscal 2010 and the other one completed by fiscal 2011 with remaining unsold GFA of 3,541 square meters as at September 30, 2018 (2017 – 3,721 square meters).

Oriental Pearl Garden

This project is located in the downtown of Hanzhong City and currently under development. The Company started construction in the third quarter of fiscal 2012. It consists of 12 high-rise residential buildings with commercial shops on the first and second floors with GFA of approximately 275,014 square meters. The project was fully completed in fiscal 2016. As of September 30, 2018, the unsold GFA was 61,989 square meters (2017 - 83,039 square meters).

Real Estate Projects located in Yang County

Yangzhou Pearl Garden

Yangzhou Pearl Garden mainly consists of multi-layer residential buildings and sub-high-rise residential buildings with commercial shops on the first floors. As of September 30, 2018, the remaining unsold GFA of Phase I of Yangzhou Pearl Garden, which includes multi-layer residential buildings, commercial units, sub-high-rise and high-rise residential buildings was a total GFA of 7,982 square meters (2017 – 8,870 square meters). Yangzhou Pearl Garden Phase II consists of five high-rise residential buildings and one multi-layer residential building, with a total GFA of 67,653 square meters. The construction was completed in fiscal 2015. As of September 30, 2018, the unsold GFA of Yangzhou Pearl Garden Phase II was 17,276 square meters (2017 – 17,444 square meters).

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Yangzhou Palace

The Company is currently constructing 9 high-rise residential buildings and 16 sub-high-rise residential and multi-layer residential buildings with total GFA of 297,450 square meters in Yangzhou Palace located in Yang County. The construction started in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013 and is expected to be completed by in the beginning of calendar year 2019 upon the approval of the local government. The Company received the pre-sale license on September 1, 2016 and started to promote and sell the property in November 2016. As of September 30, 2018, the remaining unsold GFA of Yangzhou Palace, which includes multi-layer residential buildings, commercial units, sub-high-rise and high-rise residential buildings was a total GFA of 181,404 square meters (2017 - 261,317 square meters).

The following table sets forth our real estate projects in the year ended September 30, 2018:

Project Name Location Type of Buildings GFA sold
during the year
Unsold GFA as
of September
30, 2018
Yangzhou Pearl Garden Phase I Yang County Multi-layer residential
 Sub-high-rise residential 888 7,982
Mingzhu Garden
 (Mingzhu Nanyuan) Hanzhong City Sub-high-rise residential 434 623
 Mingzhu Garden
 (Mingzhu Beiyuan) Phase I Hanzhong City High-rise residential 156 2,256
Nan Dajie
 (Mingzhu Xinju) Hanzhong City High-rise residential 180 3,541
Mingzhu Garden
 (Mingzhu Beiyuan) Phase II Hanzhong City High-rise residential 25,232 117,056
Oriental Pearl Garden Hanzhong City High-rise residential 21,050 61,989
Yangzhou Pearl Garden Phase II Yang County High-rise residential 168 17,276
Yangzhou Palace Yang County High-rise residential 79,913 181,404
Total 128,021 392,127

(1)         The amounts for “total GFA” in this table are the amounts of total saleable gross floor area and are derived on the following basis:

· for properties that are sold, the stated GFA is based on that sales contracts relating to such property;

· for unsold properties that are completed, the stated GFA is calculated based on the detailed construction blueprint and the calculation method approved by the PRC government for saleable GFA, after necessary adjustments; and

· for properties that are under planning, the stated GFA is based on the land grant contract and our internal projections.

Suppliers

Land Bank

In China, the supply of land is controlled by the government. Since the early 2000s, the real estate industry in China has been transitioning from an arranged system controlled by the PRC government to a more market-oriented system. At present, although the Chinese government still owns all urban land in China, land use rights with terms of up to 70 years can be granted to, owned or leased by, private individuals and companies.

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Land - under planning and development

In May 2011, the Company entered into a development agreement with the local government. Pursuant to the agreement, the Company will prepay the development cost of $17,428,655 (RMB 119,700,000) and the Company has the right to acquire the land use rights through public bidding. The prepaid development cost will be deducted from the final purchase price of the land use rights. As of September 30, 2018, a deposit of $2,912,056 (RMB 20,000,000) was paid by the Company (2017- $3,006,027). The local government is still in a slow process of re-zoning the property. The Company expects to make payment of the remaining development cost based on the government’s current work progress.

In August 2011, the Company entered into a land transfer agreement with Hanzhong Shijin Real Estate Development Limited (“Shijin”). Pursuant to the agreement, Shijin agreed to transfer certain land use rights to the Company for the total price of $6,624,927 (RMB 45,500,000). The Company has made the full payment and received the land use certificate in fiscal year 2013. As of then, the related security deposit balance has been reclassified as real estate under development – Shijin Project. The Company is still waiting for the government to issue the completion settlement report in order to start construction as of September 30, 2018.

All land transactions are required to be reported to and authorized by the local Bureau of Land and Natural Resources. With respect to real estate project design and construction services, the Company typically selects the lowest-cost provider based on quality selected through an open bidding process. Such service providers are numerous in China and the Company foresees no difficulties in securing alternative sources of services as needed.

Other Suppliers

The Company uses various suppliers in the construction of its projects. For the year ended September 30, 2018, one constructor accounted for 10.8% of the total project expenditures. There was none for the year ended September 30, 2017.

Competition

The real estate industry in China is highly competitive. In the Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities and counties that we focus on, the markets are relatively more fragmented than in the Tier 1 or Tier 2 cities. We compete primarily with regional property developers and an increasing number of large national property developers who have also started to enter these markets. Competitive factors include the geographical location of the projects, the types of products offered, brand recognition, price, designing and quality. In the regional markets in which we operate, our major competitors include regional real estate developers Wanbang Real Estate Development Co. Ltd., (“Wanbang”), Jingtai Real Estate Development Co. Ltd., (“Jingtai”) and Shaanxi Fenghui Real Estate Development Co. Ltd., (“Fenghui”) as well as other national real estate developers such as Evergrande Real Estate Group (“Evergrande”) who have also started their projects in these local markets.

Nationally, there are numerous national real estate developers that have real estate projects across China. There are many housing and land development companies listed on the Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges. However, such companies usually undertake large scale projects and are unlikely to compete with the Company for business as the Company targets small to medium sized projects in Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities and counties.

In the regional market, the Company’s only direct competitor with meaningful market share in the market is Wanbang. This company generally undertakes medium and small scale projects and focuses on development of commercial real estate properties, such as hotels and shopping centers.

Competitive Strength:

We believe the following strengths allow us to compete effectively:

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Well Positioned to Capture Opportunities in Tier 3 and Tier 4 Cities and Counties.

With the increase in consumer disposable income and urbanization rates, a growing middle-income consumer market has emerged driving demand for affordable and high quality housing in many cities across northwest China. We focus on building large communities of modern, mid-sized residential properties for this market segment and have accumulated substantial knowledge and experience about the residential preferences and demands of mid-income customers. We believe we can leverage our experience to capture the growth opportunities in the markets.

Standardized and Scalable Business Model.

Our business model focuses on a standardized property development process designed for rapid asset turnover. We break up the overall process into well-defined stages and closely monitor costs and development schedules through each stage. These stages include (i) identifying land, (ii) pre-planning and budgeting, (iii) land acquisition, (iv) detailed project design, (v) construction management, (vi) pre-sales, sales and (vii) after-sale service. We commence pre-planning and budgeting prior to the land acquisition, which enables us to acquire land at costs that meet our pre-set investment targeted returns and to quickly begin the development process upon acquisition. Our enterprise resource planning enables us to collect and analyze information on a real-time basis throughout the entire property development process. We utilize our customer relationship management system to track customer profiles and sales to forecast future individual preferences and market demand.

Experienced Management Team Supported by Trained and Motivated Workforce.

Our CEO and founder, Mr. Xiaojun Zhu has over 20 years of experience in the real estate industry and has gained considerable strategic planning and business management expertise in the past decade. Our management and workforce are well-trained and motivated. Employees receive on-going training in their areas of specialization at our head office in Hanzhong.

Guangsha is also an “AAA Enterprise in Shaanxi Construction Industry” as recognized by the Credit Association of Agricultural Bank of China, Shaanxi Branch.

Strategies

Our goal is to become the leading residential property developer focused on China’s Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities and counties by implementing the following strategies:

Continue Expanding in Selected Tier 3 and Tier 4 Cities. We believe that Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities and counties present development opportunities that are well suited for our scalable business model of rapid asset turnover. Furthermore, Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities and counties currently tend to be in an early stage of market maturity and have fewer large national developers. We believe that the fragmented market and relative abundance of land supply in Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities, as compared to Tier 1 and Tier 2 cities, offer more opportunities for us to generate attractive margins. And we also believe that our experience affords us the opportunity to emerge as a leading developer in these markets. In the near future, we plan to enter into other Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities that have:

· Increasing urbanization rates and population growth;

· High economic growth and increasing individual income; and

· Sustainable land supply for future developments.

We plan to continue to closely monitor our capital and cash positions and carefully manage our cost for land use rights, construction costs and operating expenses. We believe that we will be able to use our working capital more efficiently by adhering to prudent cost management, which will help to maintain our profit margins. When selecting a property project for development, we will continue to follow our established internal evaluation process, including utilizing the analysis and input of our experienced management team and choosing third-party contractors through a tender process open only to bids which meet our budgeted costs.

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Quality Control

We emphasize quality control to ensure that our buildings and residential units meet our standards and provide high quality service. We select only experienced design and construction companies. We, through our contracts with construction contractors, provide customers with warranties covering the building structure and certain fittings and facilities of our property developments in accordance with the relevant regulations. To ensure construction quality, our construction contracts contain quality warranties and penalty provisions for poor work quality. In the event of delay or poor work quality, the contractor may be required to pay pre-agreed damages under our construction contracts. Our construction contracts do not allow our contractors to subcontract or transfer their contractual arrangements with us to third parties. We typically withhold 2% of the agreed construction fees for two to five years after completion of the construction as security to guarantee quality, which provides us with assurance for our contractors’ work quality.

Our contractors are also subject to our quality control procedures, including examination of materials and supplies, on-site inspection and production of progress reports. We require our contractors to comply with relevant PRC laws and regulations, as well as our own standards and specifications. We set up a profile for each and every unit constructed and monitor the quality of such unit throughout its construction period until its delivery. We also employ independent surveyors to supervise the construction progress. In addition, the construction of real estate projects is regularly inspected and supervised by the PRC governmental authorities.

Environmental Matters

As a developer of property in the PRC, we are subject to various environmental laws and regulations set by the PRC national, provincial and municipal governments. These include regulations on air pollution, noise emissions, as well as water and waste discharge.  As of September 30, 2018 we have never paid any penalties associated with the breach of any such laws and regulations. Compliance with existing environmental laws and regulations has not had a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations, and we do not believe it will have such an impact in the future.

Our projects are normally required to undergo an environmental impact assessment by government-appointed third parties, and a report of such assessment needs to be submitted to the relevant environmental authorities in order to obtain their approval before commencing construction.

Upon completion of each project, the relevant environmental authorities inspect the site to ensure the applicable environmental standards have been complied with, and the resulting report is presented together with other specified documents to the relevant construction administration authorities for their approval and record. Approval from the environmental authorities on such report is required before we can deliver our completed work to our customers. As of September 30, 2018 we have not experienced any difficulties in obtaining those approvals for commencement of construction and delivery of completed projects.

Employees

We currently have 142 full-time employees.

Department
Management 27
Accounting Staff 7
Sales and marketing staff 80
Administrative 28
Total 142

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ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS

Risks Relating to Our Business

Our business is sensitive to China economy and China real estate policies. A downturn in China economy and restrictive real estate polices could materially and adversely affect our revenues and results of operations.

Any slowdown in China’s economic development might lead to tighter credit markets, increased market volatility, sudden drops in business and consumer confidence and dramatic changes in business and consumer behaviors. As exports slowed, China’s reported GDP growth dropped to 6.9% in the first nine months of 2018 calendar year from 8.1% in the first quarter of 2012, prompting the government to loosen economic policy to support growth. The current package of economic support policies is designed to stabilize the economy against slowing exports. Ongoing government regulatory measures, including the “Ten National Notices” announced in 2010, the “Eight National Notices” and property tax approved in January 2011, have brought the PRC property market further down to the bottom in 2012 and the recovery of real market is shown in the 2014 and in 2015. In the first nine months of 2018, the overall risk remained in tier 3 and 4 cities despite initial signs of improvement in sales. In response to their perceived uncertainty in economic conditions, consumers might delay, reduce or cancel purchases of homes, and our homebuyers may also defer, reduce or cancel purchases of our units and our results of operations may be materially and adversely affected.

If we are unable to successfully manage our expansion into other Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities, we will not be able to execute our business plan.

Historically, our business and operations have been concentrated in Hanzhong City and other surrounding counties. If we are unable to successfully develop and sell projects outside Hanzhong City, our future growth may be limited and we may not generate adequate returns to cover our investments in these Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities. In addition, as we expand our operations to Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities with higher land prices, our costs may increase, which may lead to a decrease in our profit margin.

We require substantial capital resources to fund our land use rights acquisition and property developments, which may not be available.

Property development is capital intensive. Our ability to secure sufficient financing for land use rights acquisition and property development depends on a number of factors that are beyond our control, including market conditions in the capital markets, the PRC economy and the PRC government regulations that affect the availability and cost of financing for real estate companies.

We may be unable to acquire desired development sites at commercially reasonable costs.

Our revenue depends on the completion and sale of our projects, which in turn depends on our ability to acquire development sites. Our land use rights costs are a major component of our cost of real estate sales and increases in such costs could diminish our gross margin. In China, the PRC government controls the supply of land and regulates land sales and transfers in the secondary market. As a result, the policies of the PRC government, including those related to land supply and urban planning, affect our ability to acquire, and our costs of acquiring, land use rights for our projects. In recent years, the PRC government has introduced various measures attempting to moderate investment in the property market in China.

Although we believe that these measures are generally targeted at the luxury property market and speculative purchases of land and properties, the PRC government could introduce other measures in the future that may adversely affect our ability to obtain land for development. We currently acquire our development sites primarily by bidding for government land. Under current regulations, land use rights acquired from government authorities for commercial and residential development purposes must be purchased through a public tender, auction or listing-for-sale. Competition in these bidding processes has resulted in higher land use rights costs for us. We may also need to acquire land use rights through acquisition, which could increase our costs. Moreover, the supply of potential development sites in any given city will diminish over time and we may find it increasingly difficult to identify and acquire attractive development sites at commercially reasonable costs in the future.

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We provide guarantees for the mortgage loans of our customers which expose us to risks of default by our customers.

We pre-sell properties before actual completion and, in accordance with industry practice, our customers’ mortgage banks require us to guarantee our customers’ mortgage loans. Typically, we provide guarantees to PRC banks with respect to loans procured by the purchasers of our properties for the total mortgage loan amount until the completion of the registration of the mortgage with the relevant mortgage registration authorities, which generally occurs within six to twelve months after the purchasers take possession of the relevant properties. In line with what we believe to be industry practice, we rely on the credit evaluation conducted by mortgagee banks and do not conduct our own independent credit checks on our customers. The mortgagee banks typically require us to maintain, as restricted cash, 5% to 10% of the mortgage proceeds paid to us as security for our obligations under such guarantees (the security deposit).

If a purchaser defaults on its payment obligations during the term of our guarantee, the mortgagee bank may deduct the delinquent mortgage payment from the security deposit. If the delinquent mortgage payments exceed the security deposit, the banks may require us to pay the excess amount. If multiple purchasers default on their payment obligations at around the same time, we will be required to make significant payments to the banks to satisfy our guarantee obligations. If we are unable to resell the properties underlying defaulted mortgages on a timely basis or at prices higher than the amounts of our guarantees and related expenses, we will suffer financial losses.

We rely on third-party contractors.

Substantially all of our project construction and related work are outsourced to third-party contractors. We are exposed to risks that the performance of our contractors may not meet our standards or specifications. Negligence or poor work quality by any contractors may result in defects in our buildings or residential units, which could in turn cause us to suffer financial losses, harm our reputation or expose us to third-party claims. We work with multiple contractors on different projects and we cannot guarantee that we can effectively monitor their work at all times.

Although our construction and other contracts contain provisions designed to protect us, we may be unable to successfully enforce these rights and, even if we are able to successfully enforce these rights, the third-party contractor may not have sufficient financial resources to compensate us. Moreover, the contractors may undertake projects from other property developers, engage in risky undertakings or encounter financial or other difficulties, such as supply shortages, labor disputes or work accidents, which may cause delays in the completion of our property projects or increases in our costs.

We may be unable to complete our property developments on time or at all. The progress and costs for a development project can be adversely affected by many factors, including, without limitation:

· delays in obtaining necessary licenses, permits or approvals from government agencies or authorities;

· shortages of materials, equipment, contractors and skilled labor;

· disputes with our third-party contractors;

· failure by our third-party contractors to comply with our designs, specifications or standards;

· difficult geological situations or other geotechnical issues; and

· onsite labor disputes or work accidents; and natural catastrophes or adverse weather conditions.

Any construction delays, or failure to complete a project according to our planned specifications or budget, may delay our property sales, which could harm our revenues, cash flows and our reputation.

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Changes of laws and regulations with respect to pre-sales may adversely affect our cash flow position and performance.

We depend on cash flows from pre-sale of properties as an important source of funding for our property projects and servicing our indebtedness. Under current PRC laws and regulations, property developers must fulfill certain conditions before they can commence pre-sale of the relevant properties and may only use pre-sale proceeds to finance the construction of specific developments.

Our results of operations may fluctuate from period to period.

Our results of operations tend to fluctuate from period to period. The number of properties that we can develop or complete during any particular period is limited due to the substantial capital required for land acquisition and construction, as well as the lengthy development periods required before positive cash flows may be generated. In addition, several properties that we have developed or that are under development are large scale and are developed in multiple phases over the course of one to several years. The selling prices of the residential units in larger scale property developments tend to change over time, which may impact our sales proceeds and, accordingly, our revenues for any given period.

We rely on our key management members.

We depend on the services provided by key management members. Competition for management talent is intense in the property development sector. In particular, we are highly dependent on Mr. Xiaojun Zhu, our founder, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. We do not maintain key employee insurance. In the event that we lose the services of any key management member, we may be unable to identify and recruit suitable successors in a timely manner or at all, which will adversely affect our business and operations. Moreover, we need to employ and retain more management personnel to support our expansion into other Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities and counties. If we cannot attract and retain suitable human resources, especially at the management level, our business and future growth will be adversely affected.

Increases in the price of raw materials may increase our cost of sales and reduce our earnings.

Our third-party contractors are responsible for procuring almost all of the raw materials used in our project developments. Our construction contracts typically provide for fixed or capped payments, but the payments are subject to changes in government-suggested steel prices. The increase in steel prices could result in an increase in our construction cost. In addition, the increases in the price of raw materials, such as cement, concrete blocks and bricks, in the long run could be passed on to us by our contractors, which will increase our construction cost. Any such cost increase could reduce our earnings to the extent we are unable to pass these increased costs to our customers.

Any unauthorized use of our brand or trademark may adversely affect our business.

We own trademarks for “汉中广厦”, in the form of Chinese characters and our company logo. We rely on the PRC intellectual property and anti-unfair competition laws and contractual restrictions to protect brand name and trademarks. We believe our brand, trademarks and other intellectual property rights are important to our success. Any unauthorized use of our brand, trademarks and other intellectual property rights could harm our competitive advantages and business. Historically, China has not protected intellectual property rights to the same extent as the United States, and infringement of intellectual property rights continues to pose a serious risk of doing business in China. Monitoring and preventing unauthorized use is difficult. The measures we take to protect our intellectual property rights may not be adequate. Furthermore, the application of laws governing intellectual property rights in China and abroad is uncertain and evolving, and could involve substantial risks to us. If we are unable to adequately protect our brand, trademarks and other intellectual property rights, our reputation may be harmed and our business may be adversely affected.

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We may fail to obtain, or may experience material delays in obtaining necessary government approvals for any major property development, which will adversely affect our business.

The real estate industry is strictly regulated by the PRC government. Property developers in China must abide by various laws and regulations, including implementation rules promulgated by local governments to enforce these laws and regulations. Before commencing, and during the course of, development of a property project, we need to apply for various licenses, permits, certificates and approvals, including land use rights certificates, construction site planning permits, construction work planning permits, construction permits, pre-sale permits and completion acceptance certificates. We need to satisfy various requirements to obtain these certificates and permits. To date, we have not encountered serious delays or difficulties in the process of applying for these certificates and permits, but we cannot guarantee that we will not encounter serious delays or difficulties in the future. In the event that we fail to obtain the necessary governmental approvals for any of our major property projects, or a serious delay occurs in the government’s examination and approval progress, we may not be able to maintain our development schedule and our business and cash flows may be adversely affected.

We may forfeit land to the PRC government if we fail to comply with procedural requirements applicable to land grants from the government or the terms of the land use rights grant contracts.

According to the relevant PRC regulations, if we fail to develop a property project according to the terms of the land use rights grant contract, including those relating to the payment of land premiums, specified use of the land and the time for commencement and completion of the property development, the PRC government may issue a warning, may impose a penalty or may order us to forfeit the land. Specifically, under current PRC law, if we fail to commence development within one year after the commencement date stipulated in the land use rights grant contract, the relevant PRC land bureau may issue a warning notice to us and impose an idle land fee on the land of up to 20% of the land premium. If we fail to commence development within two years, the land will be subject to forfeiture to the PRC government, unless the delay in development is caused by government actions or force majeure. Even if the commencement of the land development is compliant with the land use rights grant contract, if the developed GFA on the land is less than one-third of the total GFA of the project or the total capital invested is less than one-fourth of the total investment of the project and the suspension of the development of the land continues for more than one year without government approval, the land will also be treated as idle land and be subject to penalty or forfeiture. We cannot assure you that circumstances leading to significant delays in our development schedule or forfeiture of land will not arise in the future. If we forfeit land, we will not only lose the opportunity to develop the property projects on such land, but may also lose all past investments in such land, including land premiums paid and development costs incurred.

Any non-compliant GFA of our uncompleted and future property developments will be subject to governmental approval and additional payments.

The local government authorities inspect property developments after their completion and issue the completion acceptance certificates if the developments are in compliance with the relevant laws and regulations. If the total constructed GFA of a property development exceeds the GFA originally authorized in the relevant land grant contracts or construction permit, or if the completed property contains built-up areas that do not conform with the plan authorized by the construction permit, the property developer may be required to pay additional amounts or take corrective actions with respect to such non-compliant GFA before a completion acceptance certificate can be issued to the property development.

Our failure to assist our customers in applying for property ownership certificates in a timely manner may lead to compensatory liabilities to our customers.

We are required to meet various requirements within 90 days after delivery of property, or such other period contracted with our customers, in order for our customers to apply for their property ownership certificates, including passing various governmental clearances, formalities and procedures. Under our sales contract, we are liable for any delay in the submission of the required documents as a result of our failure to meet such requirements, and are required to compensate our customers for delays. In the case of serious delays on one or more property projects, we may be required to pay significant compensation to our customers and our reputation may be adversely affected.

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We are subject to potential environmental liability.

We are subject to a variety of laws and regulations concerning the protection of health and the environment. The particular environmental laws and regulations that apply to any given development site vary significantly according to the site’s location and environmental condition, the present and former uses of the site and the nature of the adjoining properties. Environmental laws and conditions may result in delays, may cause us to incur substantial compliance and other costs and can prohibit or severely restrict project development activity in environmentally-sensitive regions or areas. Although the environmental investigations conducted by local environmental authorities have not revealed any environmental liability that we believe would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations to date, it is possible that these investigations did not reveal all environmental liabilities and that there are material environmental liabilities of which we are unaware. We cannot assure you that future environmental investigations will not reveal material environmental liability. Also, we cannot assure you that the PRC government will not change the existing laws and regulations or impose additional or stricter laws or regulations, the compliance with which may cause us to incur significant capital expenditure.

We have never paid cash dividends and are not likely to do so in the foreseeable future.

We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock. We currently intend to retain any future earnings for use in the operation and expansion of our business. We do not expect to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future but will review this policy as circumstances dictate.

We need to improve our internal financial reporting controls.  If we are unable to establish appropriate internal financial reporting controls and procedures, it could cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations, subject us to regulatory scrutiny and sanction, cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information and have a negative effect on the market price for shares of our common stock.

Effective internal controls are necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports and effectively prevent fraud. We maintain a system of internal control over financial reporting, which is defined as a process designed by, or under the supervision of, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, or persons performing similar functions, and effected by our board of directors, management and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.

We cannot assure you that we will not, in the future, identify areas requiring improvement in our internal control over financial reporting. We cannot assure you that the measures we will take to remediate any areas in need of improvement will be successful or that we will implement and maintain adequate controls over our financial processes and reporting in the future as we continue our growth.

As a public company, we are required to comply with the reporting obligations of the Exchange Act and Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2013. If we fail to comply with the reporting obligations of the Exchange Act and Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act or if we fail to maintain adequate internal controls over financial reporting, our business, results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected.

As a public company, we are required to comply with the periodic reporting obligations of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), including preparing annual reports and quarterly reports. Our failure to prepare and disclose this information in a timely manner could subject us to penalties under U.S. federal securities laws, expose us to lawsuits and restrict our ability to access financing. In addition, we are required under applicable law and regulations to design and implement internal controls over financial reporting, and evaluate our existing internal controls with respect to the standards adopted by the U.S. Public Company Accounting Oversight Board.

The Company assessed its internal control over financial reporting and still has significant and material deficiencies as of September 30, 2018 The Company’s remediation plan is listed in Item 9A. However, we cannot assure you that our current remediation plan can resolve all the significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the internal control over financial reporting. As a result, we may be required to implement further remedial measures and to design enhanced processes and controls to address issues identified through future reviews. This could result in significant delays and costs to us and require us to divert substantial resources, including management time, from other activities.

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If we do not fully remediate the material weaknesses identified by management or fail to maintain the adequacy of our internal controls in the future, we may not be able to ensure that we can conclude on an ongoing basis that we have effective internal controls over financial reporting in accordance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Moreover, effective internal controls are necessary for us to produce reliable financial reports and are important to help prevent fraud. As a result, any failure to satisfy the requirements of Section 404 on a timely basis could result in the loss of investor confidence in the reliability of our financial statements, which in turn could harm our business and negatively impact the trading price of our common stock.

Risk Relating to the Residential Property Industry in China

The PRC government may adopt further restrictive measures to slow the increase in prices of real property and real property development.

Along with the economic growth in China, investments in the property sectors have increased significantly in the past few years. In response to concerns over the scale of the increase in property investments, the PRC government has introduced policies to curtail property development. We believe those regulations, among others, significantly affect the property industry in China.

These restrictive regulations and measures could increase our operating costs in adapting to these regulations and measures, limit our access to capital resources or even restrict our business operations. We cannot be certain that the PRC government will not issue additional and more stringent regulations or measures, which could further slowdown property development in China and adversely affect our business and prospects.

We are heavily dependent on the performance of the residential property market in China, which is at a relatively early development stage.

The residential property industry in the PRC is still in a relatively early stage of development. Although demand for residential property in the PRC has been growing rapidly in recent years, such growth is often coupled with volatility in market conditions and fluctuation in property prices. It is extremely difficult to predict how much and when demand will develop, as many social, political, economic, legal and other factors, most of which are beyond our control, may affect the development of the market. The level of uncertainty is increased by the limited availability of accurate financial and market information as well as the overall low level of transparency in the PRC, especially in Tier 3 and 4 cities which have lagged in progress in these aspects when compared to Tier 1 cities.

The lack of a liquid secondary market for residential property may discourage investors from acquiring new properties. The limited amount of property mortgage financing available to PRC individuals may further inhibit demand for residential developments.

We face intense competition from other real estate developers.

The property industry in the PRC is highly competitive. In the Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities we focus on, local and regional property developers are our major competitors, and an increasing number of large state-owned and private national property developers have started entering these markets. Many of our competitors, especially the state-owned and private national property developers, are well capitalized and have greater financial, marketing and other resources than we have. Some also have larger land banks, greater economies of scale, broader name recognition, a longer track record and more established relationships in certain markets. In addition, the PRC government’s recent measures designed to reduce land supply further increased competition for land among property developers.

Competition among property developers may result in increased costs for the acquisition of land for development, increased costs for raw materials, shortages of skilled contractors, oversupply of properties, decrease in property prices in certain parts of the PRC, a slowdown in the rate at which new property developments will be approved and/or reviewed by the relevant government authorities and an increase in administrative costs for hiring or retaining qualified personnel, any of which may adversely affect our business and financial condition. Furthermore, property developers that are better capitalized than we are may be more competitive in acquiring land through the auction process. If we cannot respond to changes in market conditions as promptly and effectively as our competitors, or effectively compete for land acquisition through the auction systems and acquire other factors of production, our business and financial condition will be adversely affected.

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In addition, risk of property over-supply is increasing in parts of China, where property investment, trading and speculation have become overly active. We are exposed to the risk that in the event of actual or perceived over-supply, property prices may fall drastically, and our revenue and profitability will be adversely affected.

We may be deemed a PRC resident enterprise for PRC tax purposes under the new Enterprise Income Tax Law, which could result in the imposition of a 25% enterprise income tax payable on our taxable global income.

On March 16, 2007, the National People’s Congress of the PRC passed the Enterprise Income Tax Law of the PRC (‘‘New Income Tax Law’’), which took effect on January 1, 2008. On December 6, 2007, the Implementation Rules of Enterprise Income Tax Law of the PRC (‘‘Implementation Rules’’) were also enacted, and took effect on January 1, 2008. In accordance with the new laws and regulations, a unified enterprise income tax rate of 25% and unified tax deduction standards will be applied equally to both domestic enterprises and foreign-invested enterprises.

Under the New Income Tax Law and the Implementation Rules, enterprises established under the laws of foreign jurisdictions other than the PRC may nevertheless be considered as PRC-resident enterprises for tax purposes if these enterprises have their ‘‘de facto management body’’ within the PRC. Under the Implementation Rules, ‘‘de facto management body’’ is defined as a body that has material and overall management and control over the manufacturing and business operations, personnel and human resources, finances and treasury, and acquisition and disposition of properties and other assets of an enterprise. At present, it is unclear what factors will be used by the PRC tax authorities to determine whether we are a ‘‘de facto management body’’ in China. All of our management personnel are located in the PRC, and all of our revenues arise from our operations in China. If the PRC tax authorities determine that we are a PRC resident enterprise, we will be subject to PRC tax on our worldwide income at the 25% uniform tax rate, which may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. Notwithstanding the foregoing provision, the New Income Tax Law also provides that, if a PRC resident enterprise already invests in another PRC resident enterprise, the dividends received by the investing resident enterprise from the invested resident enterprise are exempt from income tax, subject to certain qualifications. Therefore, if we are classified as a PRC resident enterprise, the dividends received from our PRC subsidiaries may be exempt from income tax. However, due to the limited history of the New Income Tax Law, it is unclear as to (i) the detailed qualification requirements for such exemption and (ii) whether dividend payments by our PRC subsidiaries to us will meet such qualification requirements, even if we are considered a PRC resident enterprise for tax purposes.

We face uncertainty from the Circular on Strengthening the Administration of Enterprise Income Tax on Non-resident Enterprises' Share Transfer (“Circular 698”) released in December 2009 by China's State Administration of Taxation (SAT), effective as of January 1, 2008.

Where a foreign investor indirectly transfers equity interests in a Chinese resident enterprise by selling the shares in an offshore holding company, and the latter is located in a country (jurisdiction) where the effective tax burden is less than 12.5% or where the offshore income of her residents is not taxable, the foreign investor is required to provide the tax authority in charge of that Chinese resident enterprise with the relevant information within 30 days of the transfers.

Where a foreign investor indirectly transfers equity interests in a Chinese resident enterprise through the abuse of form of organization and there are no reasonable commercial purposes such that the corporate income tax liability is avoided, the tax authority has the power to re-assess the nature of the equity transfer in accordance with the “substance-over-form” principle and deny the existence of the offshore holding company that is used for tax planning purposes. “Income derived from equity transfers” as mentioned in this circular refers to income derived by non-resident enterprises from direct or indirect transfers of equity interest in China resident enterprises, excluding share in Chinese resident enterprises that are bought and sold openly on the stock exchange.

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While the term "indirectly transfer" is not defined, we understand that the relevant PRC tax authorities have jurisdiction regarding requests for information over a wide range of foreign entities having no direct contact with China. The relevant authority has not yet promulgated any formal provisions or formally declared or stated how to calculate the effective tax in the country (jurisdiction) and the process of the disclosure to the tax authority in charge of that Chinese resident enterprise. Meanwhile, there are no formal declarations with regard to how to decide “abuse of form of organization” and “reasonable commercial purpose,” which can be utilized by us to determine if our company complies with the Circular 698.

Failure to comply with PRC regulations relating to the establishment of offshore special purpose companies by PRC residents may materially adversely affect us.

On July 15, 2014, SAFE issued the Notice on Relevant Issues in the Foreign Exchange Control over Investment, Financing and Return Investment Through Special Purpose Companies by Residents Inside China, generally referred to as Circular 37, which required PRC residents to register with the competent local SAFE branch before establishing or acquiring control over an offshore special purpose company, or SPV, for the purpose of engaging in an equity financing outside of China on the strength of domestic PRC assets originally held by those residents. Internal implementing guidelines issued by SAFE, which became public in June 2007 (known as Notice 106), expanded the reach of Circular 37 by (1) purporting to cover the establishment or acquisition of control by PRC residents of offshore entities which merely acquire “control” over domestic companies or assets, even in the absence of legal ownership; (2) adding requirements relating to the source of the PRC resident's funds used to establish or acquire the offshore entity; (3) covering the use of existing offshore entities for offshore financings; (4) purporting to cover situations in which an offshore SPV establishes a new subsidiary in China or acquires an unrelated company or unrelated assets in China; and (5) making the domestic affiliate of the SPV responsible for the accuracy of certain documents which must be filed in connection with any such registration, notably, the business plan which describes the overseas financing and the use of proceeds. Amendments to registrations made under Circular 37 are required in connection with any increase or decrease of capital, transfer of shares, mergers and acquisitions, equity investment or creation of any security interest in any assets located in China to guarantee offshore obligations, and Notice 106 makes the offshore SPV jointly responsible for these filings. In the case of an SPV which was established, and which acquired a related domestic company or assets, before the implementation date of Circular 37, a retroactive SAFE registration was required to have been completed before March 31, 2006. This date was subsequently extended indefinitely by Notice 106, which also required that the registrant establish that all foreign exchange transactions undertaken by the SPV and its affiliates were in compliance with applicable laws and regulations. Failure to comply with the requirements of Circular 37, as applied by SAFE in accordance with Notice 106, may result in fines and other penalties under PRC laws for evasion of applicable foreign exchange restrictions. Any such failure could also result in the SPV's affiliates being impeded or prevented from distributing their profits and the proceeds from any reduction in capital, share transfer or liquidation to the SPV, or from engaging in other transfers of funds into or out of China.

We have asked our stockholders, who are PRC residents as defined in Circular 37, to register with the relevant branch of SAFE, as currently required, in connection with their equity interests in us and our acquisitions of equity interests in our PRC subsidiary. However, we cannot provide any assurances that they can obtain the above SAFE registrations required by Circular 37 and Notice 106. Moreover, because of uncertainty over how Circular 37 will be interpreted and implemented, and how or whether SAFE will apply it to us, we cannot predict how it will affect our business operations or future strategies. For example, our present and prospective PRC subsidiaries' ability to conduct foreign exchange activities, such as the remittance of dividends and foreign currency-denominated borrowings, may be subject to compliance with Circular 37 and Notice 106 by our PRC resident beneficial holders.

In addition, such PRC residents may not always be able to complete the necessary registration procedures required by Circular 37 and Notice 106. We also have little control over either our present or prospective direct or indirect stockholders or the outcome of such registration procedures. A failure by our PRC resident beneficial holders or future PRC resident stockholders to comply with Circular 37 and Notice 106, if SAFE requires it, could subject these PRC resident beneficial holders to fines or legal sanctions, restrict our overseas or cross-border investment activities, limit our subsidiaries' ability to make distributions or pay dividends or affect our ownership structure, which could adversely affect our business and prospects.

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PRC economic, political and social conditions as well as government policies can affect our business.

The PRC economy differs from the economies of most developed countries in many aspects, including:

· political structure;

· degree of government involvement;

· degree of development;

· level and control of capital reinvestment;

· control of foreign exchange; and

· allocation of resources.

The PRC economy has been transitioning from a centrally planned economy to a more market-oriented economy. For more than two decades, the PRC government has implemented economic reform measures emphasizing utilization of market forces in the development of the PRC economy. Although we believe these reforms will have a positive effect on China’s overall and long-term development, we cannot predict whether changes in the PRC economic, political and social conditions, laws, regulations and policies will have any adverse effect on our current or future business, financial condition or results of operations.

Changes in foreign exchange regulations may adversely affect our results of operations.

We currently receive all of our revenues in RMB. The PRC government regulates the conversion between RMB and foreign currencies. Over the years, the government has significantly reduced its control over routine foreign exchange transactions under current accounts, including trade and service related foreign exchange transactions, payment of dividends and service of foreign debt. However, foreign exchange transactions by our PRC subsidiaries under capital accounts continue to be subject to significant foreign exchange controls and require the approval of, or registration with, PRC governmental authorities. There can be no assurance that these PRC laws and regulations on foreign investment will not cast uncertainties on our financing and operating plans in China. Under current foreign exchange regulations in China, subject to the relevant registration at SAFE, we will be able to pay dividends in foreign currencies, without prior approval from SAFE, by complying with certain procedural requirements. However, there can be no assurance that the current PRC foreign exchange policies regarding debt service and payment of dividends in foreign currencies will continue in the future. Changes in PRC foreign exchange policies might have a negative impact on our ability to service our foreign currency-denominated indebtedness and to distribute dividends to our shareholders in foreign currencies.

Interpretation of PRC laws and regulations involves uncertainty.

Our core business is conducted within China and is governed by PRC laws and regulations. The PRC legal system is based on written statutes, and prior court decisions can only be used as a reference. Since 1979, the PRC government has promulgated laws and regulations in relation to economic matters such as foreign investment, corporate organization and governance, commerce, taxation and trade, with a view to developing a comprehensive system of commercial law, including laws relating to property ownership and development. However, due to the fact that these laws and regulations have not been fully developed, and because of the limited volume of published cases and the non-binding nature of prior court decisions, interpretation of PRC laws and regulations involves a degree of uncertainty. Some of these laws may be changed without being immediately published or may be amended with retroactive effect. Depending on the government agency or how an application or case is presented to such agency, we may receive less favorable interpretations of laws and regulations than our competitors, particularly if a competitor has long been established in the locality of, and has developed a relationship with, such agency. In addition, any litigation in China may be protracted and result in substantial costs and diversion of resources and management attention. All these uncertainties may cause difficulties in the enforcement of our land use rights, entitlements under its permits, and other statutory and contractual rights and interests.

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The Chinese government exerts substantial influence over the manner in which we must conduct our business activities.

China only recently has permitted provincial and local economic autonomy and private economic activities, and, as a result, we are dependent on our relationship with the local government in the province in which we operate our business. Chinese government has exercised and continues to exercise substantial control over virtually every sector of the Chinese economy through regulation and state ownership. Our ability to operate in China may be harmed by changes in its laws and regulations, including those relating to taxation, environmental regulations, land use rights, property and other matters. We believe that our operations in China are in material compliance with all applicable legal and regulatory requirements. However, the central or local governments of these jurisdictions may impose new, stricter regulations or interpretations of existing regulations that would require additional expenditures and efforts on our part to ensure our compliance with such regulations or interpretations. Accordingly, government actions in the future, including any decision not to continue to support recent economic reforms and to return to a more centrally planned economy or regional or local variations in the implementation of economic policies, could have a significant effect on economic conditions in China or particular regions thereof, and could require us to divest ourselves of any interest we then hold in Chinese properties.

Future inflation in China may inhibit our activity to conduct business in China.

In recent years, the Chinese economy has experienced periods of rapid expansion and high rates of inflation, which have led to the adoption by the Chinese government, from time to time, of various corrective measures designed to restrict the availability of credit or regulate growth and contain inflation. While inflation has been more moderate since 1995, high inflation may in the future cause Chinese government to impose controls on credit and/or prices, or to take other action, which could inhibit economic activity in China, and thereby harm the market for our products.

Because Chinese law governs almost all of our material agreements, we may not be able to enforce our legal rights within China or elsewhere, which could result in a significant loss of business, business opportunities, or capital.

Chinese law governs almost all of our material agreements. We cannot assure you that we will be able to enforce any of our material agreements or that remedies will be available outside of China. The system of laws and the enforcement of existing laws in China may not be as certain in implementation and interpretation as in the United States. The inability to enforce or obtain a remedy under any of our current or future agreements could result in a significant loss of business, business opportunities or capital. It will be extremely difficult to acquire jurisdiction and enforce liabilities against our officers, directors and assets based in China.

Substantially all of our assets are located in the PRC and all of our officers and most of our present directors reside outside of the United States.  As a result, it may not be possible for United States investors to enforce their legal rights, to effect service of process upon our directors or officers or to enforce judgments of United States courts predicated upon civil liabilities and criminal penalties of our directors and officers under Federal securities laws. Moreover, we have been advised that China does not have treaties providing for the reciprocal recognition and enforcement of judgments of courts with the United States. Further, it is unclear if extradition treaties now in effect between the United States and China would permit effective enforcement of criminal penalties of the Federal securities laws.

Failure to comply with the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act could subject us to penalties and other adverse consequences.

We are subject to the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, which generally prohibits United States companies from engaging in bribery or other prohibited payments to foreign officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. Foreign companies, including some that may compete with us, are not subject to these prohibitions. Corruption, extortion, bribery, pay-offs, theft and other fraudulent practices occur from time-to-time in the PRC. We can make no assurance, however, that our employees or other agents will not engage in such conduct for which we might be held responsible. If our employees or other agents are found to have engaged in such practices, we could suffer severe penalties and other consequences that may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

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We may have difficulty establishing adequate management, legal and financial controls in the PRC.

The PRC historically has been deficient in Western style management and financial reporting concepts and practices, as well as in modern banking, computer and other control systems. We may have difficulty in hiring and retaining a sufficient number of qualified employees to work in the PRC. As a result of these factors, we may experience difficulty in establishing management, legal and financial controls, collecting financial data and preparing financial statements, books of account and corporate records and instituting business practices that meet Western standards. We may have difficulty establishing adequate management, legal and financial controls in the PRC.

Risks Relating to our Securities

We may be subject to the penny stock rules which will make the shares of our common stock more difficult to sell.

We may be subject now and in the future to the SEC’s “penny stock” rules if our shares of common stock sell below $1.00 per share. Penny stocks generally are equity securities with a price of less than $1.00. The penny stock rules require broker-dealers to deliver a standardized risk disclosure document prepared by the SEC which provides information about penny stocks and the nature and level of risks in the penny stock market. The broker-dealer must also provide the customer with current bid and offer quotations for the penny stock, the compensation of the broker-dealer and its salesperson, and monthly account statements showing the market value of each penny stock held in the customer's account. The bid and offer quotations, and the broker-dealer and salesperson compensation information must be given to the customer orally or in writing prior to completing the transaction and must be given to the customer in writing before or with the customer's confirmation.

In addition, the penny stock rules require that prior to a transaction, the broker-dealer must make a special written determination that the penny stock is a suitable investment for the purchaser and receive the purchaser's written agreement to the transaction. The penny stock rules are burdensome and may reduce purchases of any offerings and reduce the trading activity for shares of our common stock. As long as our shares of common stock are subject to the penny stock rules, the holders of such shares of common stock may find it more difficult to sell their securities.

Our shares of common stock are very thinly traded, and the price if traded may not reflect our value. There can be no assurance that there will be an active market for our shares of common stock either now or in the future.

Our shares of common stock are very thinly traded, and the price if traded may not reflect our value. There can be no assurance that there will be an active market for our shares of common stock either now or in the future. The market liquidity will be dependent on the perception of our operating business and any steps that our management might take to bring us to the awareness of investors. There can be no assurance given that there will be any awareness generated. Consequently, investors may not be able to liquidate their investment or liquidate it at a price that reflects the value of the business. If a more active market should develop, the price may be highly volatile. Because there may be a low price for our shares of common stock, many brokerage firms may not be willing to effect transactions in the securities. Even if an investor finds a broker willing to effect a transaction in the shares of our common stock, the combination of brokerage commissions, transfer fees, taxes, if any, and any other selling costs may exceed the selling price. Further, many lending institutions will not permit the use of such shares of common stock as collateral for any loans.

ITEM 1B.  Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

ITEM 2.  Properties

The Company’s principal administrative, sales, and marketing facilities are located at 6 Xinghan Road, 19th Floor, Hanzhong City, Shaanxi Province. The Company built the office building in which its headquarters are located and owns the floor that houses its headquarters. In addition, the Company also owns a sales office in Yang County.  See Item 1.  Business — Our Projects for a description of the location and general character of the Company's real estate projects.

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ITEM 3.  Legal Proceedings

There are no pending legal proceedings to which the Company is a party or in which any director, officer or affiliate of the Company, any owner of record or beneficially of more than 5% of any class of voting securities of the Company, or security holder is a party adverse to the Company or has a material interest adverse to the Company. The Company’s property is not the subject of any pending legal proceedings.

ITEM 4.  Mine and Safety Disclosure

Not applicable.

PART II

Item 5.  Market For Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters And Issuer Purchases Of Equity Securities

Market Information

China HGS’s common stock is currently quoted on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “HGSH”. Between September 13, 2010 and July 19, 2012, China HGS’s common stock was quoted on the NASDAQ Global Market under the same symbol. Prior to China HGS’s listing on NASDAQ Global Market, its common stock was quoted on the OTC Bulletin Board under the symbol “CAHS.” The following table sets forth the high and low sale prices for the Company’s common stock for the periods indicated.

FISCAL 2018 High Low
1st Quarter Ended December 31, 2017 $ 1.88 $ 1.18
2nd Quarter Ended March 31,2018 $ 4.48 $ 1.20
3rd Quarter Ended June 30, 2018 $ 2.55 $ 1.22
4th Quarter Ended September 30, 2018 $ 1.87 $ 1.21

FISCAL 2017 High Low
1st Quarter Ended December 31, 2016 $ 2.14 $ 1.69
2nd Quarter Ended March 31,2017 $ 2.00 $ 1.50
3rd Quarter Ended June 30, 2017 $ 1.80 $ 1.43
4th Quarter Ended September 30, 2017 $ 1.69 $ 1.26

Holders

According to the records of our transfer agent, China HGS had 402 stockholders of record as of September 30, 2018.

Dividends

All of our assets are located within the PRC. Under the laws of the PRC governing foreign invested enterprises, dividend distribution and liquidation are allowed but subject to special procedures under relevant rules and regulations. Any dividend payment is subject to the approval of the Board of Directors and subject to foreign exchange rules governing such repatriation. Any liquidation is subject to both the relevant government agency’s approval and supervision, as well as foreign exchange controls.

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We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock and we do not expect to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. We expect to retain any earnings to support operations and to finance the growth and development of our business.  Any future determination relating to our dividend policy will be made at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend on a number of factors, including future earnings, capital requirements, financial conditions and future prospects and other factors the Board of Directors may deem relevant.  The payment of dividends from our subsidiaries to our parent company is subject to restrictions including primarily the restriction that foreign invested enterprises may only buy, sell and/or remit foreign currencies at those banks authorized to conduct foreign exchange business after providing valid commercial documents.

PRC regulations restrict the ability of our PRC subsidiary to make dividends and other payments to its offshore parent company.  PRC legal restrictions permit payments of dividend by our PRC subsidiary only out of its accumulated after-tax profits, if any, determined in accordance with PRC accounting standards and regulations. Our PRC subsidiary is also required under PRC laws and regulations to allocate at least 10% of its annual after-tax profits determined in accordance with PRC GAAP to a statutory general reserve fund until the amounts in said fund reaches 50% of its registered capital. Allocations to this statutory reserve fund can only be used for specific purposes and are not transferable to us in the form of loans, advances or cash dividends. Any limitations on the ability of our PRC subsidiary to transfer funds to us could materially and adversely limit our ability to grow, make investments or acquisitions that could be beneficial to our business, pay dividends and otherwise fund and conduct our business.

Stock Performance Graph

The following graph presents a comparison of the performance of our common stock with that of the NASDAQ Composite Index and the NASDAQ Capital Market Composite Index from September 30, 2010 to September 30, 2018. The graph shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act, or otherwise subject to the liabilities under that section, and shall not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing of the Company under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act.

30-Sep-10 30-Sep-11 30-Sep-12 30-Sep-14 30-Sep-13 30-Sep-15 30-Sep-16 30-Sep-17 30-Sep-18
China HGS Real Estate Inc. 100 32.30 6.22 183.97 121.77 40.76 56.46 31.81 29.43
Nasdaq Composite Index 100 101.97 131.56 159.23 189.70 195.06 224.27 274.25 339.71
NASDAQ Capital Market Composite 100 85.00 109.49 134.77 129.00 109.75 113.45 140.98 160.45

*$100 invested at closing prices on September 30, 2010 in our common stock or in a stock index.

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Equity Compensation Plan Information

See “Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters” for disclosure regarding our equity compensation plan.

Purchase of Equity Securities by Our Company and Affiliated Purchases

None.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

None.

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

Not applicable.

Item 7.  Management's Discussion And Analysis of Financial Conditions And Results Of Operations.

The following discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations relates to the operations and financial condition reported in the financial statements of China HGS Real Estate Inc. for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 and should be read in conjunction with such financial statements and related notes included in this report.

Preliminary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.

We make forward-looking statements in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and elsewhere in this report based on the beliefs and assumptions of our management and on information currently available to us. Forward-looking statements include information about our possible or assumed future results of operations which follow under the headings “Business and Overview,” “Liquidity and Capital Resources,” and other statements throughout this report preceded by, followed by or that include the words “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates” or similar expressions.

Forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in these forward-looking statements, including the risks and uncertainties described below and other factors we describe from time to time in our periodic filings with the SEC. We therefore caution you not to rely unduly on any forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements in this report speak only as of the date of this report, and we undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise. These forward-looking statements include, among other things, statements relating to:

· our ability to sustain our project development

· our ability to obtain additional land use rights at favorable prices;

· the market for real estate in Tier 3 and 4 cities and counties;

· our ability to obtain additional capital in future years to fund our planned expansion; or

· economic, political, regulatory, legal and foreign exchange risks associated with our operations.

Our Business Overview

We conduct substantially all of our business through Shaanxi Guangsha Investment and Development Group Co., Ltd, in Hanzhong, Shaanxi Province. Since the initiation of our business, we have been focused on expanding our business in certain Tier 3 and Tier 4 cities and counties in China.

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For fiscal 2018, our sales, gross profit and net income were $65,487,296, $15,596,674 and $5,242,917 respectively, representing an approximately increase of 11.6% and 31.4% in sales and gross profit while a decrease of 17.2% in net income from fiscal 2017, respectively. The increase in sales and gross profit mainly resulted from higher real estate price during fiscal 2018. The decrease in net income was mainly attributable to a $2.3 million one-time transition toll tax provision recognized in fiscal 2018.

The Company adopted the percentage of completion method to account for real estate sales from large high rise residential projects with construction periods over 18 to 24 months. Total revenue recognized under the percentage of completion method for fiscal 2018 was $36,653,913 (2017 - $13,360,556), representing 56.0% (2017 – 22.8%) of total revenue for the fiscal 2018. The related costs of these real estate sales was $28,657,703 (2017 - $11,872,162) for fiscal 2018, representing 58.9% (2017 – 26.0%) of the real estate costs for fiscal 2018. The gross profit before sales taxes from the percentage of completion method was $7,996,210 (2017 - $1,488,394), representing 47.5% (2017 - 11.4%) of the total gross profits before sales taxes for fiscal 2018.

For fiscal 2018, our average selling price (“ASP”) for real estate projects (excluding sales of parking spaces) located in Yang County was approximately $478 per square meter, slightly increased from ASP of $461 per square meter in fiscal 2017. The ASP of our Hanzhong real estate projects (excluding sales of parking spaces) was approximately $605 per square meter for 2018, increased by 14.4% as compared to the ASP of $529 per square meter for fiscal 2017.

Market Outlook

In the balance of 2018 and looking forward into 2019, the macro-economic backdrop will continue to be uncertain with unrelenting downside pressure, while the overall inventory level of properties will remain high. The central government will continue to adopt policies aimed to ensure stability, economic growth and improved employment. The details of implementation by local government will vary among different PRC cities.

In 2019, the Company expects to start the construction of Liangzhou Road related project after the approval by the local government of the road. These projects will comprise of residential for end-users and upgraders, shopping malls as well as serviced apartments and offices to satisfy different market demands. Our customers continue to experience growth of their disposable income. With a lower housing price to family disposable income ratio and an increasing urbanization level, there is a growing demand for high quality residential housing. From this perspective, the Company is positive about the outlook for the local real estate market in a long term. In the meantime, the Company is diversifying its revenue and developing more commercial and municipal projects.

We intend to remain focused on our existing construction projects in Hanzhong City and Yang County, deepening our institutional sales network, enhancing our cost and operational synergies and improving cash flows and strengthening our balance sheet. In this respect, we began the construction of the following large high rise residential projects in Hanzhong City and Yang County:

Liangzhou road related projects

In September 2013, the Company entered into an agreement (“Liangzhou Agreement”) with the Hanzhong local government on the Liangzhou Road reformation and expansion project (Liangzhou Road Project”). Pursuant to the agreement, the Company is contracted to reform and expand the Liangzhou Road, a commercial street in downtown Hanzhong City, with a total length of 2,080 meters and width of 30 meters and to resettle the existing residences in the Liangzhou road area. The government’s original road construction budget was approximately $33 million in accordance with the Liangzhou Agreement. The Company, in return, is being compensated by the local government to have an exclusive right on acquiring at least 394.5 Mu land use rights in a specified location of Hanzhong City. The Liangzhou Road Project’s road construction started at the end of 2013. In 2014, the original scope and budget on the Liangzhou road reformation and expansion project was extended, because the local government included more area and resettlement residences into the project, which resulted in additional investments from the Company. In return, the Company is authorized by the local government to develop and manage the commercial and residential properties surrounding the Liangzhou Road Project. As of September 30, 2018, the main Liangzhou Road construction is substantially completed and is expected to be approved by the local government in fiscal 2019. The Company’s development cost incurred on Liangzhou Road Project is treated as the Company’s deposit on purchasing the related land use rights, as agreed by the local government.

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As of September 30, 2018, the actual costs incurred by the Company was $135,011,975 (2017 - $133,941,504) and the incremental cost related to residence resettlement was approved by the local government. The Company determined that the Company’s Investment in Liangzhou Road Project in exchange for interests in future land use rights is a barter transaction with commercial substance. For the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company did not receive government’s subsidies for its Shanty Area Reform Project surrounding Liangzhou Road located in Hantai District, Hanzhong City, respectively and the Company recorded the subsidies to offset against the development cost of Liangzhou Road Project.

The Liangzhou Road related projects mainly consists Oriental Garden Phase II, Liangzhou Mansion and Pearl Commercial Plaza surrounding the Liangzhou road area.

Oriental Garden Phase II

Oriental Garden Phase II project is planned to consist of 8 high-rise residential buildings and 6 commercial buildings with total planned GFA of 370,298 square meters. The project will also include a farmer’s market.

Liangzhou Mansion

Liangzhou Mansion project is planned to consist of 7 high-rise building and commercial shops on the first floor with total planned GFA of 160,000 square meters.

Pearl Commercial Plaza

Pearl Commercial Plaza is planned to consist one office building, one service apartment (or hotel), classical architecture style of Chinese traditional houses and shopping malls with total planned GFA of 124,191 square meters.

The Company plans to start these three real estate projects in spring of 2019 after the road construction is fully completed and passes local government’s inspection and approval. These related projects may take 2-3 years to fully complete.

Yangzhou Palace

The Company is currently constructing 9 high-rise residential buildings and 16 sub-high-rise residential and multi-layer residential buildings with total GFA of 285,244 square meters in Yangzhou Palace located in Yang County. The construction started in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2013 and is expected to be completed by the beginning of calendar year 2019. The Company has obtained pre-sale license in September 2016 and started to sell the residential units in Yangzhou Palace during fiscal 2017. For the year ended September 30, 2018, 79,913 square meters have been sold, resulting $36,653,913 revenue has been recognized under the percentage of completion method for the year ended September 30, 2018.

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Road Construction

Other road construction projects mainly included a Yang County East 2nd Ring Road construction project. The Company was engaged by the Yang County local government to construct the East 2nd Ring Road with a total length of 2.15 km and a budgeted price of approximately $24.5 million (or RMB 168 million), which was approved by the local Yang County government in March 2014. The local government is required to repay the Company’s project investment costs within 3 years with interest at the interest rate based on the commercial borrowing rate with the similar term published by China construction bank (September 30, 2018 and 2017 - 4.75%). The local government has approved a refund to the Company by reducing local surcharges or taxes otherwise required in the real estate development. The road construction was substantially completed as of September 30, 2018 and in process of government review and approval.

In September 2012, the Company was approved by the Hanzhong local government to construct four municipal roads with a total length of approximately 1,192 meters. The project was deferred and then restarted during the quarter ended March 31, 2014. As of September 30, 2018, the local government was still in the process of assessing the budget for these projects.

Summary of real estate projects completion status

Actual (estimated)
Completion time of
construction
Estimated time
to sell of

the property
Development completed
Hanzhong City Mingzhu Garden
(Mingzhu Nanyuan & Mingzhu Beiyuan)
Majority was completed in the third quarter of Fiscal Year 2012 2019
Hanzhong City Nan Dajie (Mingzhu Xinju) Phase I completed in Fiscal Year 2010 and Phase II completed in Fiscal Year 2011 2019
Hanzhong City Mingzhu Garden Phase II Completed in Fiscal Year 2015 2019
Hanzhong City Oriental Pearl Garden Completed in Fiscal Year 2016   2019
Yang County Yangzhou Pearl Garden Phase II Completed in Fiscal Year 2015 2019
Yang County Yangzhou Pearl Garden Majority completed in Fiscal Year 2011 and 2012 2019

Under development: Estimated Completion time of construction
Yang County Yangzhou Palace To be completed in early 2019
Hanzhong City Shijin Project Under planning stage
Hanzhong City Hanfeng Beiyuan East Road To be delivered to the government in early 2019
Hanzhong City Liangzhou Road related projects The road construction was substantially completed in September 2018, the other related projects will be completed in 2019 and later years.
Hanzhong City Beidajie project Under planning stage
Yang County East 2nd Ring Road To be completed in early 2019

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Year ended September 30, 2018 as compared to year ended September 30, 2017

Revenues

The following is a breakdown of revenue for the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017:

For the year ended September 30,
2018 2017
Revenue recognized under full accrual method $ 28,833,383 $ 45,310,868
Revenue recognized under percentage of completion method 36,653,913 13,360,556
Total $ 65,487,296 $ 58,671,424

Percentage of Completion method

Real estate sales for our long term real estate projects are recognized under percentage completion method. Revenue and profit from the sales of long term development properties are recognized by the percentage of completion method on the sale of individual units when all the following criteria are met:

a. Construction is beyond a preliminary stage.
b. The buyer is committed to the extent of being unable to require a refund except for non-delivery of the unit or interest.
c. Sufficient units have already been sold to assure that the entire property will not revert to rental property.
d. Sales prices are collectible.
e. Aggregate sales proceeds and costs can be reasonably estimated.

If any of the above criteria is not met, proceeds shall be accounted for as deposits until the criteria are met.

Under the percentage of completion method, revenues from condominium units sold and related costs are recognized over the course of the construction period, based on the completion progress of a project. In relation to any project, revenue is determined by calculating the ratio of incurred costs, including land use rights costs and construction costs, to total estimated costs and applying that ratio to the contracted sales amounts. Cost of sales is recognized by determining the ratio of contracted sales during the period to total estimated sales value, and applying that ratio to the incurred costs. Current period amounts are calculated based on the difference between the life-to-date project totals and the previously recognized amounts.

Revenue recognized to date in excess of amounts received from customers is classified as current assets under cost and earnings in excess of billings, whose balance is $12,582,965 as of September 30, 2018 (2017 - $12,673,349). Amounts received from customers in excess of revenue recognized to date are classified as current liabilities under billings in excess of cost and earnings, whose balance is $5,844,189 as of September 30, 2018 (2017 - $4,247,477).

Any changes in significant judgments and/or estimates used in determining construction and development revenue could significantly change the timing or amount of construction and development revenue recognized. Changes in total estimated project costs or losses, if any, are recognized in the period in which they are determined.

Changes of estimated gross profit margins related to revenue recognized under the percentage of completion method are made in the period in which circumstances requiring the revisions become known. For the year ended September 30, 2018, real estate development projects with gross profits recognized in 2018 had changes in their estimated revenue and related gross profit margins. The company increased its prior estimates related to selling prices and total estimated sales values which led to a decrease in the recognized costs of sales under percentage completion revenue recognition approach. As a result of these changes in gross profit margins, net income for the year ended September 30, 2018 increased by $3,278,037 (2017 decreased by $138,594) and basic and diluted earnings per share for the year ended September 30, 2018 increased by $0.07 (2017- decreased by $0.003).

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Full accrual method

Revenue from the sales of short term development properties, where the construction period is expected to be 18 months or less is recognized by the full accrual method at the time of the closing of an individual unit sale. This occurs when title to or possession of the property is transferred to the buyer. A sale is not considered consummated until (a) the parties are bound by the terms of a contract, (b) all consideration has been exchanged, (c) any permanent financing for which the seller is responsible has been arranged, (d) all conditions precedent to closing have been performed, (e) the seller does not have substantial continuing involvement with the property, and (f) the usual risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer. Further, the buyer’s initial and continuing investment is adequate to demonstrate a commitment to pay for the property.

The Company provides “mortgage loan guarantees” only with respect to buyers who make down-payments of 30% - 50% of the total purchase price of the property. As of September 30, 2018, the Company had security deposits for these guarantees amounted to approximately $3.5 million. The period of the mortgage loan guarantee begins on the date the bank approves the buyer’s mortgage and we receive the loan proceeds in our bank account and ends on the date the “Certificate of Ownership” evidencing that title to the property has been transferred to the buyer. The procedures to obtain the Certificate of Ownership take six to twelve months (the “Mortgage Loan Guarantee Period”). If, after investigation of the buyer’s income and other relevant factors, the bank decides not to grant the mortgage loan, our mortgage-loan based sales contract terminates and there will be no guarantee obligation.  If, during the Mortgage Loan Guarantee Period, the buyer defaults on his or her monthly mortgage payment for three consecutive months, we are required to refund the loan proceeds back to the bank, although we have the right to keep the customer's deposit and resell the property to a third party. Once the Certificate of Property has been issued by the relevant government authority, our loan guarantee terminates. If the buyer then defaults on his or her mortgage loan, the bank has the right to take the property back and sell it and use the proceeds to pay off the loan. The Company is not liable for any shortfall that the bank may incur in this event. To date, no buyer has defaulted on his or her mortgage payments during the Mortgage Loan Guarantee Period and the Company has not had to refund any loan proceeds pursuant to its mortgage loan guarantees.

For municipal road construction projects, fees are generally recognized by the full accrual method at the time of the projects are completed.

Revenue recognized under full accrual method

The following table summarizes revenue recognized under full accrual method from sales of completed real estate projects for the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively:

For the Years Ended September 30,
2018 2017 Variance
Revenue % Revenue % Variance %
Projects
Yangzhou Pearl Garden Phase I and II $ 365,617 1.3 % $ 1,225,484 2.7 % $ (859,867 ) (70.2 )%
Oriental Pearl Garden 12,495,388 43.3 % 26,779,977 59.1 % (14,284,589 ) (53.3 )%
Nan Dajie - - % 95,092 0.2 % (95,092 ) (100 )%
Mingzhu Garden (Nanyuan and Beiyuan) Phase I and II 15,972,378 55.4 % 17,210,315 38.0 % (1,237,937 ) (7.2 )%
Total Revenue 28,833,383 100 % 45,310,868 100 % (16,477,485 ) (36.4 )%
Sales Tax (513,178 ) (534,887 ) 21,709 (4.1 )%
Revenue net of sales tax $ 28,320,205 $ 44,775,981 $ (16,455,776 ) (36.8 )%

Our revenues are derived from the sale of residential buildings, commercial store-fronts and parking spaces in projects that we have developed. Comparing to fiscal 2017, revenues before sales tax decreased by 36.4% to approximately $28.8 million for the year ended September 30, 2018 from approximately $45.3 million. The total GFA sold during fiscal 2018 was 48,108 square meters, representing a significant decrease from the 86,248 square meters completed and sold during fiscal 2017. Our Mingzhu Garden Phase I and Phase II, Yangzhou Pearl Garden Phase I and Phase II and Oriental Garden Phase I have all been completed in prior years, only limited models are available for customer selection, which resulted in lower revenue reported for the fiscal 2018. The sales tax for fiscal 2018 was approximately $0.5 million, decreased 4.1% from last year due to less revenue recognized under full accrual method reported in fiscal 2018.

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Revenue recognized under percentage completion method

For the year ended September 30, 2018
Total GFA(3) Average
Percentage of
Completion(1)
Qualified
Contract
Sales(2)
Revenue
Recognized
under
Percentage of
Completion
Accumulated
Revenue
recognized
under
Percentage of
completion
Real estate properties located in Yang County
Yangzhou Palace 297,450 90 % $ 58,534,656 $ 36,653,913 $ 52,681,190

We started to recognize revenue under the percentage of completion method for Yangzhou Palace real estate property since second quarter of fiscal 2017. For Yangzhou Palace real estate property under development, total qualified contract sales as of September 30, 2018 were $58,534,656 (2017 - $16,770,130). Total GFA sold under qualified contract sales as of September 30, 2018 was 79,913 square meters (September 30, 2017 – 36,133). The average unit price under contract sales was $504 per square meters (September 30, 2017 - $464).

For the year ended September 30, 2017
Total GFA Average
Percentage of
Completion(1)
Qualified
Contract
Sales(2)
Revenue
Recognized
under
Percentage of
Completion
Accumulated
Revenue
recognized
under
Percentage of
completion
Real estate properties under development located in Yang County
Yangzhou Palace 297,450 82 % $ 16,770,130 $ 13,360,556 $ 13,360,556

(1) Percentage of Completion is calculated by dividing total costs incurred by total estimated costs for the relevant buildings in each real estate building , estimated as of the date of our financial statements as of and for the year indicated.

(2) Qualified contract sales only include all contract sales with customer deposits balance as of September 30, 2018 and 2017 equal or greater than 30% of contract sales amount and related individual of buildings were sold over 20%.

(3) The actual GFA will be re-measured when the real estate project is completed, which could be slightly different from the estimated GFA at the beginning of the real estate projects.

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Cost of sales

The following table sets forth a breakdown of our cost of revenues for the years indicated.

For the Years Ended September 30,
2018 2017
Cost Percentage Cost Percentage Variance Variance %
Land use rights $ 4,339,910 8.9 % $ 3,708,202 8.1 % $ 637,708 17.0 %
Construction costs 44,302,482 91.1 % 41,882,143 91.9 % 2,420,339 5.8 %
Total $ 48,642,392 100 % $ 45,590,345 100 % $ 3,052,047 6.7 %

Our cost of sales consists primarily of costs associated with land use rights and construction costs. Cost of sales are capitalized and allocated to development projects using a specific identification method. Costs are allocated to specific units within a project based on the ratio of the sales area of units to the estimated total sales area of the project or phase of the project times the total cost of the project or phase of the project.

Cost of sales was approximately $48.6 million for the year ended September 30, 2018 compared to 45.6 million for the year ended September 30, 2017. The $3.1 million increase in cost of sales was mainly attributable to the increase in total GFA sold for Yang County Yangzhou Palace project during fiscal 2018 which led to increased revenue and cost of sales during fiscal 2018.

Land use rights cost: The cost of land use rights includes the land premium we pay to acquire land use rights for our property development sites, plus taxes. Our land use rights cost varies for different projects according to the size and location of the site and the minimum land premium set for the site, all of which are influenced by government policies, as well as prevailing market conditions. Costs for land use rights for the year ended September 30, 2018 were approximately $4.3 million, as compared to $3.7 million for the year ended September 30, 2017, representing an increase of $0.6 million from last year. The increase in costs of land use rights was consistent with the fact that the total GFA sold in 2018 was higher than last year.

Construction cost: We outsource the construction of all of our projects to third party contractors, whom we select through a competitive tender process. Our construction contracts provide a fixed payment which covers substantially all labor, materials and equipment costs, subject to adjustments for some types of excess, such as design changes during construction or changes in government-suggested steel prices, which are paid over the construction period based on specified milestones. In addition, we purchase and supply a limited range of fittings and equipment, including elevators, window frames and door frames. Our construction costs for the year ended September 30, 2018 were approximately $44.3 million as compared to approximately $41.9 million for the year ended September 30, 2017, representing an increase of $2.4 million. The increase in construction cost was due to the increase in units sold in 2018.

The total cost of sales as a percentage of real estate sales before sales tax for the year ended September 30, 2018 decreased to 74.3% from 77.7% for the year ended September 30, 2017, which was mainly attributable to the increased real estate price resulting into higher gross margin in 2018.

Gross profits

Gross profit was approximately $15.6 million for the year ended September 30, 2018 as compared to approximately $11.9 million for the year ended September 30, 2017, representing an increase of approximately $3.7 million, which was mainly attributable to more GFA sold in Yang County Yangzhou Palace project during fiscal 2018. We have only limited models available for customer selection in the Mingzhu Garden Phase I and II projects, Oriental Pearl Garden project and Yangzhou Pearl Garden project, therefore, the sales from these completed projects decreased from last year. For fiscal 2018, our average selling price (“ASP”) for real estate projects (excluding sales of parking spaces) located in Yang County was approximately $478 per square meter, slightly increased from the ASP of $461 per square meter for fiscal 2017. However, during fiscal 2017, we just started to sell Yang County Yangzhou Palace project therefore promoted the sales with lower selling price. During fiscal 2018, the average selling price in Yang County Yangzhou Palace project was back to market price. The ASP of our Hanzhong real estate projects (excluding sales of parking spaces) was approximately $605 per square meter for 2018, increased by 14.4% as compared to the ASP of $529 per square meter for fiscal 2017. The higher average selling price increased the gross margin.

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The overall gross profit as a percentage of real estate sales before sales tax increased to 23.8% for the year ended September 30, 2018 from 20.2% for the year ended September 30, 2017, was mainly due to the fact that the average selling price for the real estate projects in Hanzhong increased by14.4% comparing to fiscal 2017.

For the Year Ended September 30
2018 2017
Project Gross Profit Gross
Margin
Gross Profit Gross
Margin
Variance

Variance

%

Yangzhou Pearl  Garden Phase I and II $ 168,390 46 % $ 530,493 43 % $ (362,103 ) (68 )%
Yangzhou Palace 7,996,210 22 % 1,488,394 11 % 6,507,816 437 %
Mingzhu Garden
(Mingzhu Nanyuan and Beiyuan) Phase I and II
5,402,159 34 % 4,578,904 27 % 823,255 18 %
Nan Dajie - - 28,223 30 % (28,223 ) (100 )%
Oriental Garden 3,278,145 26 % 6,455,065 24 % (3,176,920 ) (49 )%
Sales Tax (1,248,230 ) (1,215,960 ) (32,270 ) 3 %
Total Gross Profit $ 15,596,674 24 % $ 11,865,119 20 % $ 3,731,555 31 %
Total Revenue $ 65,487,296 $ 58,671,424 $ 6,815,872 12 %

Operating expenses

Total operating expenses decreased by 9.9% or approximately $0.4 million to approximately $3.4 million for the year ended September 30, 2018 from approximately $3.7 million for the year ended September 30, 2017, as a result of lower general and administration expenses of approximately $0.6 million but offset with an increase in selling expense of approximately $0.3 million. The decrease in general and administration expense for fiscal 2018 was attributed to lower office expense. The Company incurred more marketing expense in fiscal 2018 to promote the sales in Yangzhou Palace project as the project was close to completion.

For the years ended September 30,
2018 2017
General and administrative expenses $ 2,530,269 $ 3,177,649
Selling expenses 843,813 568,081
Total Operating expenses $ 3,374,082 $ 3,745,730
Percentage of Revenue before sales tax 5.2 % 6.4 %

Interest expense, net

Net interest expense was approximately $0.5 million for the year ended September 30, 2018, consistent with fiscal 2017.

Income taxes

U.S. Taxes

China HGS is a Florida corporation. However, all of our operations are conducted solely by our subsidiaries in the PRC. No income is earned in the United States and we do not repatriate any earnings outside the PRC. As a result, we did not generate any U.S. taxable income for the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

For the year ended September 30, 2018, the current income tax provision was approximately $3.1 million, significantly increased from approximately $1.1 million in fiscal 2017 due to the change of tax rules. For the year ended September 30, 2018, the deferred tax provision was approximately $2.0 million, significantly increased from approximately $0.2 million in fiscal 2017 due to higher revenue reported under percentage completion method. The overall income taxes provision in fiscal 2018 was more than doubled from fiscal 2017 as a result of change of tax rules and higher income before tax reported in fiscal 2018.

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Recent U.S. federal tax legislation, commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “U.S. Tax Reform”), was signed into law on December 22, 2017. The U.S. Tax Reform significantly modified the U.S. Internal Revenue Code by, among other things, reducing the statutory U.S. federal corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21% for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017; limiting and/or eliminating many business deductions; migrating the U.S. to a territorial tax system with a one-time transition tax on a mandatory deemed repatriation of previously deferred foreign earnings of certain foreign subsidiaries; subject to certain limitations, generally eliminating U.S. corporate income tax on dividends from foreign subsidiaries; and providing for new taxes on certain foreign earnings. Taxpayers may elect to pay the one-time transition tax over eight years or in a single lump sum. The U.S. Tax Reform also includes provisions for a new tax on GILTI effective for tax years of foreign corporations beginning after December 31, 2017. The GILTI provisions impose a tax on foreign income in excess of a deemed return on tangible assets of controlled foreign corporations (“CFCs”), subject to the possible use of foreign tax credits and a deduction equal to 50 percent to offset the income tax liability, subject to some limitations.

For the year ended September 30, 2018, the Company recognized a one-time transition toll tax of approximately $2.3 million that represented management’s estimate of the amount of U.S. corporate income tax based on the deemed repatriation to the United States of the Company’s share of previously deferred earnings of certain non-U.S. subsidiaries and VIE of the Company mandated by the U.S. Tax Reform. The Company’s estimate of the onetime transition toll Tax is subject to the finalization of management’s analysis related to certain matters, such as developing interpretations of the provisions of the Tax Act and amounts related to the earnings and profits of certain foreign VIEs and the filing of our tax returns. U.S. Treasury regulations, administrative interpretations or court decisions interpreting the Tax Act may require further adjustments and changes in our estimates. The Company provided an additional $0.2 million tax provision due to delinquent U.S. tax return fillings.

PRC Taxes

Our Company is governed by the Enterprise Income Tax Law of the People’s Republic of China concerning private-run enterprises, which are generally subject to tax at a statutory rate of 25% on income reported in the statutory financial statements after appropriate tax adjustments.

However, the local taxing authority of Hanzhong City has the power to assess corporate taxes annually on local enterprises at a pre-determined fixed rate as an incentive to stimulate the local economy and encourage entrepreneurship. In the fiscal years 2017, the taxing authority assessed us for income taxes at the rate of 1.25% on revenue in Yang County and 2.5% on our revenue in Hanzhong, instead of the statutory rate of 25% of net income. As a result, total income tax expenses for the year ended September 30, 2017 were approximately $1.3 million, representing a tax saving of approximately $0.7 million.

Starting from fiscal 2018, the Company is subject to income tax rate of 25% on taxable income. The change in the income tax policy could negatively affect the Company’s net income in future years. Although the possibility exists for reinterpretation of the application of the tax regulations by higher tax authorities in the PRC, potentially overturning the decision made by the local tax authority, the Company has not experienced any reevaluation of the income taxes for prior years. The PRC tax rules are different from the local tax rules and the Company is required to comply with local tax rules. The difference between the two tax rules will not be a liability of the Company. There will be no further tax payments for the difference.

Net income

We reported approximately $5.2 million in net income for the year ended September 30, 2018, representing a decrease of 17.2% or approximately $1.1 million as compared to approximately $6.3 million for the year ended September 30, 2017. The decrease in net income was mainly due to the $2.3 million one-time toll tax provision recognized in fiscal 2018.

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Other comprehensive income

We operate primarily in the PRC and the functional currency of our operating subsidiary is the Chinese Renminbi (”RMB”). The RMB is not freely convertible into foreign currency and all foreign exchange transactions must take place through authorized institutions. No representation is made that the RMB amounts could have been, or could be, converted into USD at the rates used in translation.

Translation adjustments amounted to approximately negative $5.5 million and approximately positive $0.6 million for the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.  The balance sheet amounts with the exception of equity at September 30, 2018 were translated at 6.8680 RMB to 1.00 USD as compared to 6.6533 RMB to 1.00 USD at September 30, 2017. The equity accounts were stated at their historical rate. The average translation rates applied to the income statements accounts for the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 were 6.5368 RMB to 1.00 USD and 6.8104 RMB to 1.00 USD, respectively.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Current Assets and Liabilities

Our principal need for liquidity and capital resources is to maintain working capital sufficient to support our operations and to make capital expenditures to finance the growth of our business. In the past, we mainly financed our operations primarily through cash flows from operations, bank borrowings and loan from financial institutions and borrowings from our principal shareholder.

As of September 30, 2018, the Company had an approximately $10.3 million in working capital, a decrease of $65.0 million as compared to $75.2 million as of September 30, 2017, which was mainly resulted from the increase in the current portion of long term loan, decreased real estate property completed and under development current portions due to sales and our continuous investment in the long term Liangzhou Road related projects. Our total cash and restricted cash balance increased to approximately $6.8 million as of September 30, 2018 as compared to approximately $4.7 million as of September 30, 2017 due to more collection from sales. In addition, on June 26, 2015 and March 10, 2016, the Company signed phase I and Phase II agreements with Hanzhong Urban Construction Investment Development Co., Ltd, a state owned Company, to borrow up to $112,842,167 (RMB 775,000,000) for a long term loan at 4.75% interest per year to develop Liangzhou Road Project. As of September 30, 2018, the Company borrowed approximately $96.5 million under this credit line. The loan is guaranteed by Hanzhong City Hantai District Municipal Government and pledged by the Company’s Yang County Yangzhou Palace project with carrying value of $60.1 million as of September 30, 2018. The Company also was required to provide a security deposit for the loan received. As of September 30, 2018, the security deposits paid were approximately $5.4 million. On January 8, 2016, the Company signed a loan agreement with Hanzhong Municipal Housing Provident Fund Management Center (“Housing Fund”) to borrow up to $11,648,224 (RMB 80,000,000) on development of Oriental Garden related projects. The loan carries interest at 3.575% per year and is due in January 2019. The Company’s major shareholder Mr. Xiaojun Zhu pledged his personal assets as collateral for the loan. As of September 30, 2018, the Company received all the proceeds from Housing Fund. The progress repayment is required based on certain sales milestones or a fixed repayment schedule starting in July 2018. As of September 30, 2018, the remaining unpaid balance of this loan was approximately $8.7 million. In December 2016, the Company signed a loan agreement with Hantai District Urban Construction Investment Development Co., Ltd, a state owned Company, to borrow up to $17,326,733 (RMB 119,000,000) for the development of Hanzhong City Liangzhou Road project. As of September 30, 2018, the Company received all the proceeds. The loan carries interest at a fixed interest of 1.2% and is due on June 20, 2031. The Company pledged the assets of Liangzhou Road related projects with carrying value of approximately $135.0 million as collateral for the loan.

With respect to capital funding requirements, the Company budgeted our capital spending based on ongoing assessments of needs to maintain adequate cash. Due to the long term relationship with our construction suppliers, we were able to effectively manage cash spending on construction. Also, our principal shareholder, Mr. Xiaojun Zhu has been providing and will continue to provide his personal funds, if necessary, to support the Company on an as needed basis. In addition, the Company’s cash flows from pre-sales and current sales should provide financial support for our current developments and operations. The Company believes it has sufficient working capital for the next twelve months from the date of this report.

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In order to fully implement our business plan and sustain continued growth, we may also need to raise capital from outside investors. Our expectation, therefore, is that we will seek to access the capital markets in both the U.S. and China to obtain the funds as needed. At the present time, however, we do not have commitments of funds from any third party.

Cash Flow

Year ended September 30, 2018 as compared to year ended September 30, 2017

Comparison of cash flows results for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018 and fiscal year ended September 30, 2017 are summarized as follows:

For the years ended September 30,
2018 2017 Variance
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities $ 2,465,207 $ (24,500,819 ) $ 26,966,026
Net cash used in investing activities $ - $ (97,524 ) $ 97,524
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities $ (1,064,020 ) $ 20,219,912 $ (21,283,932 )
Effect of changes of foreign exchange rate on cash $ (104,366 ) $ (52,607 ) $ (51,759 )
Net increase (decrease) in cash $ 1,296,821 $ (4,431,038 ) $ 5,727,859

Operating activities

Net cash provided by operating activities during fiscal 2018 was approximately $2.5 million, consisting of net income of approximately $5.2 million, noncash adjustments of approximately $2.1 million and net changes in our operating assets and liabilities, which mainly included a decrease in real estate property completed of approximately $18.8 million mainly due to sales of residential units in Mingzhu Pearl Garden, Yangzhou Pearl Garden and Oriental Garden real estate projects during the year, an increase in real estate property under development of approximately $17.0 million for continuous spending on Liangzhou Road related projects and Yang County Yangzhou Palace, a decrease in accounts payable of approximately $2.9 million due to more payments to our contractors and suppliers, a decrease of customer deposit of approximately $4.1 million as the related sales was recognized during fiscal 2018 and a decreased in taxes payable of approximately $1.4 million due to payments of taxes in fiscal 2018.

Net cash used in operating activities during fiscal 2017 was approximately $24.4 million, consisting of net income of approximately $6.3 million, noncash adjustments of approximately $0.3 million and net changes in our operating assets and liabilities, which mainly included a decrease in real estate property completed of approximately $33.7 million mainly due to sales of residential units in Mingzhu Pearl Garden, Yangzhou Pearl Garden and Oriental Garden real estate projects during the year, increase in real estate property under development of approximately $58.5 million for continuous spending on Liangzhou Road related projects and Yang County Yangzhou Palace, a decrease in accounts payable and other payable of $7.7 million due to more payments to our contractors and suppliers when the projects were at completion stage and an increase of taxes payable of approximately $1.3 million due to increased taxable income during 2017. The negative operation cash flow in fiscal 2017 mainly caused by our continuous investment in the Liangzhou Road related projects.

Investing activities

Net cash used in investing activities during fiscal 2018 and 2017 was Nil and $97,524, respectively, due to purchases of fixed assets and office equipment during the prior year.

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Financing activities

Net cash used in financing activities was approximately $1.1 million for fiscal 2018, which included a net repayment of shareholder loan of approximately $0.2 million, proceeds from other loans of approximately $5.2 million and offset by repayment of other loans of approximately $6.1 million.

Net cash provided by financing activities was approximately $20.2 million for fiscal 2017, which included a net repayment of shareholder loan of approximately $0.4 million, proceeds from other loans of approximately $26.7 million and offset by repayment of other loans of approximately $6 million.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.

Inflation

Inflation has not had a material impact on our business and we do not expect inflation to have a material impact on our business in the near future.

Critical Accounting Policies and Management Estimates

Revenue recognition

Percentage of Completion method

Real estate sales for the long term real estate projects are recognized under percentage completion method in accordance with the provisions of ASC 360-20-40D “Sale of Condominium Units”. Revenue and profit from the sales of long term development properties is recognized by the percentage of completion method on the sale of individual units when all the following criteria are met:

a. Construction is beyond a preliminary stage.

b. The buyer is committed to the extent of being unable to require a refund except for non-delivery of the unit or interest.

c. Sufficient units have already been sold to assure that the entire property will not revert to rental property.

d. Sales prices are collectible.

e. Aggregate sales proceeds and costs can be reasonably estimated.

If any of the above criteria is not met, proceeds shall be accounted for as deposits until the criteria are met.

Under the percentage of completion method, revenues from condominium units sold and related costs are recognized over the course of the construction period, based on the completion progress of a project. In relation to any project, revenue is determined by calculating the ratio of incurred costs, including land use rights costs and construction costs, to total estimated costs and applying that ratio to the contracted sales amounts. Cost of sales is recognized by determining the ratio of contracted sales during the period to total estimated sales value, and applying that ratio to the incurred costs. Current period amounts are calculated based on the difference between the life-to-date project totals and the previously recognized amounts.

Revenue recognized to date in excess of amounts received from customers is classified as current assets under cost and earnings in excess of billings. Amounts received from customers in excess of revenue recognized to date are classified as current liabilities under billings in excess of cost and earnings.

Any changes in significant judgments and/or estimates used in determining construction and development revenue could significantly change the timing or amount of construction and development revenue recognized. Changes in total estimated project costs or losses, if any, are recognized in the period in which they are determined.

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Full accrual method

Revenue from the sales of short term development properties, where the construction period is expected to 18 months or less is recognized by the full accrual method at the time of the closing of an individual unit sale. This occurs when title to or possession of the property is transferred to the buyer. A sale is not considered consummated until (a) the parties are bound by the terms of a contract, (b) all consideration has been exchanged, (c) any permanent financing for which the seller is responsible has been arranged, (d) all conditions precedent to closing have been performed, (e) the seller does not have substantial continuing involvement with the property, and (f) the usual risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer. Further, the buyer’s initial and continuing investment is adequate to demonstrate a commitment to pay for the property.

The Company provides “mortgage loan guarantees” only with respect to buyers who make down-payments of 30%-50% of the total purchase price of the property. The period of the mortgage loan guarantee begins on the date the bank approves the buyer’s mortgage and we receives the loan proceeds in our bank account and ends on the date the “Certificate of Ownership” evidencing that title to the property has been transferred to the buyer. The procedures to obtain the Certificate of Ownership take six to twelve months (the “Mortgage Loan Guarantee Period”).  If, after investigation of the buyer’s income and other relevant factors, the bank decides not to grant the mortgage loan, our mortgage-loan based sales contract terminates and there will be no guarantee obligation.  If, during the Mortgage Loan Guarantee Period, the buyer defaults on his or her monthly mortgage payment for three consecutive months, we are required to refund the loan proceeds back to the bank, although we have the right to keep the customer's deposit and resell the property to a third party.  Once the Certificate of Property has been issued by the relevant government authority, our loan guarantee terminates.  If the buyer then defaults on his or her mortgage loan, the bank has the right to take the property back and sell it and use the proceeds to pay off the loan.  The Company is not liable for any shortfall that the bank may incur in this event. To date, no buyer has defaulted on his or her mortgage payments during the Mortgage Loan Guarantee Period and the Company has not had to refund any loan proceeds pursuant to its mortgage loan guarantees.

For municipal road construction projects, fees are generally recognized by the full accrual method at the time of the projects are completed.

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, (“ASU 2014-09”). ASU 2014-09 provides a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. ASU 2014-09 will require an entity to recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. This update creates a five-step model that requires entities to exercise judgment when considering the terms of the contract(s) which include (i) identifying the contract(s) with the customer, (ii) identifying the separate performance obligations in the contract, (iii) determining the transaction price, (iv) allocating the transaction price to the separate performance obligations, and (v) recognizing revenue when each performance obligation is satisfied. ASU 2014-09 will be effective for the Company’s fiscal year beginning January 1, 2018 and subsequent interim periods. The Company has the option to apply the provisions of ASU 2014-09 either retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented or retrospectively with the cumulative effect of applying this ASU recognized at the date of initial application. Subsequent to the issuance of ASU 2014-09, the FASB has issued several ASUs such as ASU 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net), ASU 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing, and ASU 2016-12, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients among others. These ASUs will have the same effective date and transition requirements as ASU 2014-09. All guidance is collectively referred to as Accounting Standard Codification (“ASC”) 606.

The Company will adopt ASC 606 on October 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach and will apply the adoption only to contracts not completed as of the date of adoption, with no restatement of comparative periods, and a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings recognized as of the date of adoption. As part of the implementation of ASC 606, the Company performed an assessment including identifying revenue streams within the scope of ASC 606, analyzing contracts and reviewing potential changes to its existing revenue recognition accounting policies.

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A significant portion of the Company’s revenue is derived from real estate sales of development properties in the PRC, with revenue currently recognized using the percentage of completion method. Under the new standard, to recognize revenue over time similar to the percentage of completion method, contractual provisions need to provide the Company with an enforceable right to payment and the Company has no alternative use of the asset. Historically, all contracts executed contained an enforceable right to home purchase payments and the Company had no alternative use of assets, therefore, the Company does not expect the Company’s consolidated financial statements will have a material upon adoption of ASC 606.

Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes, and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements. Estimates are used for, but not limited to, the assumptions and estimates used by management in recognizing development revenue under the percentage of completion method, the selection of the useful lives of property and equipment, provision necessary for contingent liabilities, fair values, revenue recognition, deferred taxes, budgeted costs and other similar charges. Management believes that the estimates utilized in preparing its consolidated financial statements are reasonable and prudent. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

Fair value of financial instruments

The Company follows the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures. It clarifies the definition of fair value, prescribes methods for measuring fair value, and establishes a fair value hierarchy to classify the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:

Level 1-Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities available at the measurement date.

Level 2-Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable, and inputs derived from or corroborated by observable market data.

Level 3-Inputs are unobservable inputs which reflect the reporting entity’s own assumptions on what assumptions the market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability based on the best available information.

The carrying amounts of cash, restricted cash and all other current assets, security deposits for land use rights, loans and all current liabilities approximate their fair value based on the short-term maturity of these instruments. The fair value of the long term customer, construction and security deposits approximate their carrying amounts because the deposits are received in cash. It was impractical to estimate the fair value of the amount due from the local government and the long term other loans payable.

Real estate property development completed and under development

Real estate property consists of finished residential unit sites, commercial offices and residential unit sites under development. The Company leases the land for the residential unit sites under land use right leases with various terms from the PRC government. The cost of land use rights is included in the development cost and allocated to each project. Real estate property development completed and real estate property under development are stated at the lower of cost or fair value.

Expenditures for land development, including cost of land use rights, deed tax, pre-development costs, and engineering costs, exclusive of depreciation, are capitalized and allocated to development projects by the specific identification method. Costs are allocated to specific units within a project based on the ratio of the sales area of units to the estimated total sales area of the project (or phase of the project) multiplied by the total cost of the project (or phase of the project).

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Cost of amenities transferred to buyers is allocated to specific units as a component of total construction cost. The amenity cost includes landscaping, road paving, etc. Once the projects are completed, the amenities are under control of the property management companies.

Real estate property development completed and real estate property under development are reclassified on the balance sheet into current and non-current portions based on the estimated date of construction completion and sales. The classification of real estate property development completed is based whether the property is expected to be sold within the Company’s normal operating cycle of the business and the Company’s sales plan. Real estate property development completed is classified as a current asset if the property is expected to be sold within the normal operating cycle of the business. Otherwise, it is classified as a non-current asset. Real estate property under development is classified as a current asset if the property is reasonably expected to be completed within the Company’s normal operating cycle of the business. Otherwise, it is classified as a non-current asset. The majority of real estate projects the Company has completed in the past were multi-layer or sub-high-rise real estate projects. The Company considers its normal operating cycle is 12 months.

In accordance with ASC 360, “Property, Plant and Equipment” (“ASC 360”), real estate property development completed and under development are subject to valuation adjustments when the carrying amount exceeds fair value. An impairment loss is recognized only if the carrying amount of the assets is not recoverable and exceeds fair value. The carrying amount is not recoverable if it exceeds the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the assets. The Company reviewed all of its real estate projects for future losses and impairment by comparing the estimated future undiscounted cash flows for each project to the carrying value of such project.

Capitalization of Interest

Interest incurred during and directly related to real estate development projects is capitalized to the related real estate property under development during the active development period, which generally commences when borrowings are used to acquire real estate assets and ends when the properties are substantially complete or the property becomes inactive. Interest is capitalized based on the interest rate applicable to specific borrowings or the weighted average of the rates applicable to other borrowings during the period. Interest capitalized to real estate property under development is expensed as a component of cost of real estate sales when related units are sold. All other interest is expensed as incurred.

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

Not applicable.

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Item 8.  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Report Of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm 43
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2018 and 2017 44
Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income (Loss)  for the Years Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 45
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the Years Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 46
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 47
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements 48

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders

China HGS Real Estate Inc.

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of China HGS Real Estate Inc. (the “Company”) as of September 30, 2018 and 2017, and the related consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income (loss), stockholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the yeas in the two-year period ended September 30, 2018, and the related notes and schedules (collectively referred to as the financial statements). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of September 30, 2018 and 2017, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended September 30, 2018, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

/s/ Friedman LLP

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2009

New York, New York

January 10, 2019

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

September 30, September 30,
2018 2017
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash $ 3,267,020 $ 1,970,199
Restricted cash 3,508,557 2,746,405
Cost and earnings in excess of billings 12,582,965 12,673,349
Real estate property development completed 58,999,178 79,233,948
Real estate property under development 60,128,554 87,126,402
Other current assets 1,408,826 1,529,698
Total current assets 139,895,100 185,280,001
Property, plant and equipment, net 718,366 825,833
Real estate property development completed, net of current portion 1,217,650 1,386,552
Security deposits 8,296,782 8,564,517
Real estate property under development, net of current portion 215,431,915 180,667,276
Due from local government for real estate property development completed 2,836,865 2,928,410
Total Assets $ 368,396,678 $ 379,652,589
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Other loans $ 55,610,803 $ 28,545,233
Accounts payables 20,507,128 24,047,980
Other payables 4,894,774 3,897,093
Construction deposits 1,879,570 1,966,115
Billings in excess of cost and earnings 5,844,189 4,247,477
Customer deposits 20,234,072 24,613,864
Shareholder loans 2,142,110 2,304,632
Accrued expenses 3,006,150 3,158,432
Taxes payables 15,492,902 17,259,202
Total current liabilities 129,611,698 110,040,028
Deferred tax liabilities 2,068,257 170,950
Tax payable – long term 4,960,779 5,120,862
Customer deposits, net of current portion 1,914,677 2,314,641
Other loans, less current portion 66,885,378 98,797,447
Construction deposits, net of current portion 1,278,053 1,319,295
Total liabilities 206,718,842 217,763,223
Commitments and Contingencies
Stockholders' equity
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 45,050,000 shares issued and outstanding September 30, 2018 and 2017 45,050 45,050
Additional paid-in capital 129,907,805 129,853,172
Statutory surplus 9,925,794 9,142,899
Retained earnings 30,803,052 26,343,030
Accumulated other comprehensive deficit (9,003,865 ) (3,494,785 )
Total stockholders' equity 161,677,836 161,889,366
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity $ 368,396,678 $ 379,652,589

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

FOR THE YEARS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018 and 2017

2018 2017
Real estate sales $ 65,487,296 $ 58,671,424
Less: Sales tax 1,248,230 1,215,960
Net real estate sales 64,239,066 57,455,464
Cost of real estate sales 48,642,392 45,590,345
Gross profit 15,596,674 11,865,119
Operating expenses
Selling and distribution expenses 843,813 568,081
General and administrative expenses 2,530,269 3,177,649
Total operating expenses 3,374,082 3,745,730
Operating income 12,222,592 8,119,389
Interest expense, net (499,855 ) (497,798 )
Other income (expense), net (1,407,109 ) 2,222
Income before income taxes 10,315,628 7,623,813
Provision for income taxes 5,072,711 1,294,699
Net income 5,242,917 6,329,114
Other comprehensive income (loss)
Foreign currency translation adjustment (5,509,080 ) 551,711
Comprehensive income (loss) $ (266,163 ) $ 6,880,825
Basic and diluted income per common share
Basic and diluted $ 0.12 $ 0.14
Weighted average common shares outstanding
Basic and diluted 45,050,000 45,050,000

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

FOR THE YEARS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018 AND 2017

Common Stock Additional Statutory Retained

Accumulated
Other

Comprehensive

Shares Amount Paid-in Capital Surplus Earnings Deficit Total
Balance at September 30, 2016 45,050,000 $ 45,050 $ 129,793,572 $ 8,495,631 $ 20,661,184 $ (4,046,496 ) $ 154,948,941
Stock-based Compensation - - 59,600 - - - 59,600
Appropriation of statutory reserve - - - 647,268 (647,268 ) - -
Net income for the year - - - - 6,329,114 - 6,329,114
Foreign currency translation adjustments - - - - - 551,711 551,711
Balance at September 30, 2017 45,050,000 45,050 129,853,172 9,142,899 26,343,030 (3,494,785 ) 161,889,366
Stock-based Compensation - - 54,633 - - - 54,633
Appropriation of statutory reserve - - - 782,895 (782,895 ) - -
Net income for the year - - -  - 5,242,917 - 5,242,917
Foreign currency translation adjustments - - -  - - (5,509,080 ) (5,509,080 )
Balance at September 30, 2018 45,050,000 $ 45,050 $ 129,907,805 $ 9,925,794 $ 30,803,052 $ (9,003,865 ) $ 161,677,836

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018 and 2017

2018 2017
Cash flows from operating activities
Net income $ 5,242,917 $ 6,329,114
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in)
operating activities:
Deferred tax provision 1,999,052 167,007
Depreciation 85,788 67,074
Stock based compensation 54,633 59,600
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Restricted cash (917,026 ) (1,253,981 )
Advances to vendors 38,990 -
Security deposits - (590,274 )
Cost and earnings in excess of billings (321,291 ) (734,569 )
Real estate property development completed 18,789,499 33,718,033
Real estate property under development (16,955,946 ) (58,501,531 )
Other current assets 37,764 1,171,589
Accounts payables (2,930,405 ) (6,451,836 )
Other payables 1,176,231 (1,286,545 )
Billings in excess of cost and earnings 1,817,121 2,082,143
Customer deposits (4,137,470 ) (604,497 )
Construction deposits (26,353 ) 35,365
Accrued expenses (74,789 ) (50,932 )
Taxes payables (1,413,508 ) 1,343,421
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities 2,465,207 (24,500,819 )
Cash flow from investing activities
Purchases of fixed assets - (97,524 )
Net cash used in investing activities - (97,524 )
Cash flow from financing activities
Proceeds from other loans 5,150,795 26,657,111
Repayment of other loans (6,060,305 ) (6,039,415 )
Proceeds from shareholder loan 1,505,324 8,444,575
Repayment of shareholder loan (1,659,834 ) (8,842,359 )
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities (1,064,020 ) 20,219,912
Effect of changes of foreign exchange rate on cash (104,366 ) (52,607 )
Net increase (decrease) in cash 1,296,821 (4,431,038 )
Cash, beginning of year 1,970,199 6,401,237
Cash, end of year $ 3,267,020 $ 1,970,199
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
Interest paid $ 6,643,169 $ 5,756,560
Income taxes paid $ 772,337 $ 721,177
Reclassification of deferred tax liability to income tax payable $ - $ 5,120,862

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements

47

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 1. ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

China HGS Real Estate Inc. (the “Company” or “China HGS” or “we”, “our”, “us”) is a corporation organized under the laws of the State of Florida.

China HGS does not conduct any substantive operations of its own. Instead, through its subsidiary, Shaanxi HGS Management and Consulting Co., Ltd (“Shaanxi HGS”), it entered into certain exclusive contractual agreements with the management of the Company’s PRC operating subsidiary, Shaanxi Guangsha Investment and Development Group Co., Ltd (“Guangsha”). Pursuant to these agreements, Shaanxi HGS is obligated to absorb a majority of the risk of loss from Guangsha’s activities and entitles Shaanxi HGS to receive a majority of Guangsha’s expected residual returns. In addition, Guangsha’s shareholders have pledged their equity interest in Guangsha to Shaanxi HGS, irrevocably granted Shaanxi HGS an exclusive option to purchase, to the extent permitted under PRC Law, all or part of the equity interests in Guangsha and agreed to entrust all the rights to exercise their voting power to the person(s) appointed by Shaanxi HGS.

Based on these contractual arrangements, management believes that Guangsha should be considered a “Variable Interest Entity” (“VIE”) under ASC 810 “Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities, an Interpretation of ARB No. 51”, because the equity investors in Guangsha no longer have the characteristics of a controlling financial interest, and the Company, through Shaanxi HGS, is the primary beneficiary of Guangsha. Accordingly, Guangsha has been consolidated.

The Company, through its subsidiaries and VIE, engages in real estate development, in the construction and sale of residential apartments, parking lots and commercial properties. Total assets and liabilities presented on the consolidated balance sheets and sales, cost of sales, net income presented on Consolidated Statement of Income and Comprehensive Income as well as the cash flow from operation, investing and financing activities presented on the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows are substantially the financial position, operation and cash flow of Guangsha. The Company has not provided any financial support to Guangsha for the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

The following assets and liabilities of the consolidated VIE are included in the accompanying consolidated financial statements of the Company as of September 30, 2018 and 2017:

Balance as of
September 30,
2018
September 30,
2017
Current assets $ 139,877,361 $ 185,261,561
Non-current assets 228,136,549 193,983,936
Total assets 368,013,910 379,245,497
Current liabilities 126,047,028 109,046,423
Non-current liabilities 77,107,143 107,723,195
Total liabilities $ 203,154,171 $ 216,769,618

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Principles of consolidation

The Company’s consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of China HGS Real Estate Inc. (the “Company” or “China HGS”), China HGS Investment Inc. (“HGS Investment”), Shaanxi HGS Management and Consulting Co., Ltd. (“Shaanxi HGS”) and its variable interest entity (“VIE”), Shaanxi Guangsha Investment and Development Group Co., Ltd. (“Guangsha”). All inter-company transactions and balances between the Company and its subsidiaries have been eliminated upon consolidation.

48

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

Revenue recognition

Percentage of completion method

Real estate sales for the long term real estate projects are recognized under percentage completion method in accordance with the provisions of ASC 360-20-40D “Sale of Condominium Units”. Revenue and profit from the sales of long term development properties is recognized by the percentage of completion method on the sale of individual units when all the following criteria are met:

a. Construction is beyond a preliminary stage.

b. The buyer is committed to the extent of being unable to require a refund except for non-delivery of the unit or interest.

c. Sufficient units have already been sold to assure that the entire property will not revert to rental property.

d. Sales prices are collectible.

e. Aggregate sales proceeds and costs can be reasonably estimated.

If any of the above criteria is not met, proceeds shall be accounted for as deposits until the criteria are met.

Under the percentage of completion method, revenues from condominium units sold and related costs are recognized over the course of the construction period, based on the completion progress of a project. In relation to any project, revenue is determined by calculating the ratio of incurred costs, including land use rights costs and construction costs, to total estimated costs and applying that ratio to the contracted sales amounts. Cost of sales is recognized by determining the ratio of contracted sales during the period to total estimated sales value, and applying that ratio to the incurred costs. Current period amounts are calculated based on the difference between the life-to-date project totals and the previously recognized amounts.

Any changes in significant judgments and/or estimates used in determining construction and development revenue could significantly change the timing or amount of construction and development revenue recognized. Changes in total estimated project costs or losses, if any, are recognized in the period in which they are determined.

Full accrual method

Revenue from the sales of short term development properties, where the construction period is expected to be 18 months or less is recognized by the full accrual method at the time of the closing of an individual unit sale. This occurs when title to or possession of the property is transferred to the buyer. A sale is not considered consummated until (a) the parties are bound by the terms of a contract, (b) all consideration has been exchanged, (c) any permanent financing for which the seller is responsible has been arranged, (d) all conditions precedent to closing have been performed, (e) the seller does not have substantial continuing involvement with the property, and (f) the usual risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer. Further, the buyer’s initial and continuing investment is adequate to demonstrate a commitment to pay for the property.

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

Revenue recognition - continued

Full accrual method- continued

The Company provides “mortgage loan guarantees” only with respect to buyers who make down-payments of 20%-50% of the total purchase price of the property. The period of the mortgage loan guarantee begins on the date the bank approves the buyer’s mortgage and we receive the loan proceeds in our bank account and ends on the date the “Certificate of Ownership” evidencing that title to the property has been transferred to the buyer. The procedures to obtain the Certificate of Ownership take six to twelve months (the “Mortgage Loan Guarantee Period”).  If, after investigation of the buyer’s income and other relevant factors, the bank decides not to grant the mortgage loan, our mortgage-loan based sales contract terminates and there will be no guarantee obligation.  If, during the Mortgage Loan Guarantee Period, the buyer defaults on his or her monthly mortgage payment for three consecutive months, we are required to return the loan proceeds back to the bank, although we have the right to keep the customer's deposit and resell the property to a third party.  Once the Certificate of Property has been issued by the relevant government authority, our loan guarantee terminates.  If the buyer then defaults on his or her mortgage loan, the bank has the right to take the property back and sell it and use the proceeds to pay off the loan.  The Company is not liable for any shortfall that the bank may incur in this event. To date, no buyer has defaulted on his or her mortgage payments during the Mortgage Loan Guarantee Period and the Company has not returned any loan proceeds pursuant to its mortgage loan guarantees.

For municipal road construction projects, fees are generally recognized by the full accrual method at the time of the projects are completed.

The following is a breakdown of revenue for the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017:

For the year ended September 30,
2018 2017
Revenue recognized under full accrual method $ 28,833,383 $ 45,310,868
Revenue recognized under percentage of completion method 36,653,913 13,360,556
Total $ 65,487,296 $ 58,671,424

Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes, and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements. Estimates are used for, but not limited to, the assumptions and estimates used by management in recognizing development revenue under the percentage of completion method, the selection of the useful lives of property and equipment, provision necessary for contingent liabilities, revenue recognition, taxes, budgeted costs, share-based compensation and other similar charges. Management believes that the estimates utilized in preparing its consolidated financial statements are reasonable and prudent. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

EFFECT OF CHANGE IN ESTIMATE

Changes of estimated gross profit margins related to revenue recognized under the percentage of completion method are made in the period in which circumstances requiring the revisions become known. For the year end September 30, 2018, real estate development projects with gross profits recognized in 2018 had changes in their estimated revenue and related gross profit margins. The Company increased its prior estimates related to selling prices and total estimated sales values which led to a decrease in the recognized costs of sales under percentage completion revenue recognition approach. As a result of these changes in gross profit margins, net income for the year ended September 30, 2018 increased by $3,278,037 (2017 – $138,594) and basic and diluted earnings per share for the year ended September 30, 2018 increased by $0.07 (2017- decreased by $0.003).

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

Fair value of financial instruments

The Company follows the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures. It clarifies the definition of fair value, prescribes methods for measuring fair value, and establishes a fair value hierarchy to classify the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:

Level 1-Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities available at the measurement date.

Level 2-Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable, and inputs derived from or corroborated by observable market data.

Level 3-Inputs are unobservable inputs which reflect the reporting entity’s own assumptions or what assumptions the market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability based on the best available information.

The carrying amounts reported in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets for cash, restricted cash and all other current assets, security deposits for land use rights, loans and all current liabilities approximate their fair value based on the short-term maturity of these instruments. The fair value of the long term customer, construction and security deposits approximate their carrying amounts because the deposits are received in cash. It was impractical to estimate the fair value of the amount due from the local government and the long term other loans payable.

Foreign currency translation

The Company’s financial information is presented in U.S. dollars. The functional currency of the Company’s operating subsidiaries is Renminbi (“RMB”), the currency of the PRC. The consolidated financial statements of the Company have been translated into U.S. dollars in accordance with ASC 830-30 “Translation of Financial Statements”. The financial information is first prepared in RMB and then is translated into U.S. dollars at year-end exchange rates as to assets and liabilities and average exchange rates as to revenue and expenses. Capital accounts are translated at their historical exchange rates when the capital transactions occurred. The effects of foreign currency translation adjustments are included as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income in stockholders’ equity.

2018 2017
Year end RMB : USD exchange rate 6.8680 6.6533
Annual average RMB : USD exchange rate 6.5368 6.8104

 The RMB is not freely convertible into foreign currency and all foreign exchange transactions must take place through authorized institutions. No representation is made that the RMB amounts could have been, or could be, converted into U.S. dollars at the rates used in translation.

Cash

Cash includes cash on hand and demand deposits in accounts maintained with commercial banks within the PRC. The Company considers all highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents. The Company maintains bank accounts in the PRC. Cash balances in bank accounts in PRC are not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or other programs.

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

Restricted Cash

The restricted cash is required by the banks as collateral for mortgage loans given to the home buyers before obtaining the certificates of ownership of the properties as collateral. In order to provide the banks with the certificates of ownership, the Company is required to complete certain procedures with the Chinese government, which normally takes six to twelve months. Because the banks provide the loan proceeds to the Company without obtaining certificates of ownership as loan collateral during this six to twelve months’ period, the mortgage banks require the Company to maintain, as restricted cash, 5% to 10% of the mortgage proceeds as security for the Company’s obligations under such guarantees. The restricted cash is released by the banks once they receive the certificates of ownership. These deposits are not covered by insurance. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and management believes its restricted cash account is not exposed to any risks.

Advances to vendors

Advances to vendors consist of balances paid to contractors and vendors for services and materials that have not been provided or received and generally relate to the development and construction of residential and commercial units in the PRC. Advances to vendors are reviewed periodically to determine whether their carrying value has become impaired. Historically, the Company has not experienced any losses as a result of these advances.

Security deposits for land use rights

Security deposits for land use rights consist of the deposit held by the PRC government for the purchase of land use rights and the deposit held by an unrelated party to transfer its land use rights to the Company. The deposits will be reclassified to real estate property under development upon the transfers of legal title.

Real estate property development completed and under development

Real estate property consists of finished residential unit sites, commercial offices and residential unit sites under development. The Company leases the land for the residential unit sites under land use right leases with various terms from the PRC government. The cost of land use rights is included in the development cost and allocated to each project. Real estate property development completed and real estate property under development are stated at the lower of cost or fair value.

Expenditures for land development, including cost of land use rights, deed tax, pre-development costs, and engineering costs, exclusive of depreciation, are capitalized and allocated to development projects by the specific identification method. Costs are allocated to specific units within a project based on the ratio of the sales area of units to the estimated total sales area of the project (or phase of the project) multiplied by the total cost of the project (or phase of the project).

Cost of amenities transferred to buyers is allocated to specific units as a component of total construction cost. The amenity cost includes landscaping, road paving, etc. Once the projects are completed, the amenities are under control of the property management companies.

Real estate property development completed and real estate property under development are reclassified on the balance sheet into current and non-current portions based on the estimated date of construction completion and sales. The real estate property development completed classification is based on the estimated date that each property is expected to be sold within the Company’s normal operating cycle of the business and the Company’s sales plan. Real estate property development completed is classified as a current asset if the property is expected to be sold within the normal operating cycle of the business. Otherwise, it is classified as a non-current asset. The majority of real estate projects the Company has completed in the past were multi-layer or sub-high-rise real estate projects. The Company considers its normal operating cycle is 12 months.

52

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

Real estate property development completed and under development- continued

Real estate property development completed and under development are subject to valuation adjustments when the carrying amount exceeds fair value. An impairment loss is recognized only if the carrying amount of the assets is not recoverable and exceeds fair value. The carrying amount is not recoverable if it exceeds the sum of the undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the assets. The Company reviewed all of its real estate projects for future losses and impairment by comparing the estimated future undiscounted cash flows for each project to the carrying value of such project. For the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company did not recognize any impairment for real estate property under development and completed.

Capitalization of Interest

Interest incurred during and directly related to real estate development projects is capitalized to the related real estate property under development during the active development period, which generally commences when borrowings are used to acquire real estate assets and ends when the properties are substantially complete or the property becomes inactive. Interest is capitalized based on the interest rate applicable to specific borrowings or the weighted average of the rates applicable to other borrowings during the period. Interest capitalized to real estate property under development is recorded as a component of cost of real estate sales when related units are sold. All other interest is expensed as incurred. For the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the total interest capitalized in the real estate property development was $6,248,513 and $5,330,781, respectively.

Property, Plant and equipment, net

Property, plant and equipment are recorded at cost less accumulated depreciation and any impairment losses.  The cost of an asset comprises its purchase price and any directly attributable costs of bringing the asset to its working condition and location for its intended use.  Expenditure incurred after the fixed assets have been put into operation, such as repairs and maintenance and overhaul costs, is normally expensed in the year in which it is incurred.

Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, less any estimated residual value.  Estimated useful lives of the assets are as follows:

Buildings 39 years
Machinery and office equipment 5-10 years
Vehicles 8 years

Any gain or loss on disposal or retirement of a fixed asset is recognized in the profit and loss account and is the difference between the net sales proceeds and the net carrying amount of the asset. When property and equipment are retired or otherwise disposed of, the asset and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and the resulting profit or loss is reflected in income.

Maintenance, repairs and minor renewals are charged directly to expense as incurred unless such expenditures extend the useful life or represent a betterment, in which case they are capitalized.

Impairment of long-lived assets

The Company reviews its long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable through the estimated undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use and eventual disposition of the assets. Whenever any such impairment exists, an impairment loss will be recognized for the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair value.

53

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

Impairment of long-lived assets - continued

Assets are grouped and evaluated at the lowest level for their identifiable cash flows that are largely independent of the cash flows of other groups of assets. The Company considers historical performance and future estimated results in its evaluation of potential impairment and then compares the carrying amount of the asset to the future estimated cash flows expected to result from the use of the asset. If the carrying amount of the asset exceeds estimated expected undiscounted future cash flows, the Company measures the amount of impairment by comparing the carrying amount of the asset to its fair value. The estimation of fair value is generally determined by using the asset's expected future discounted cash flows or market value. The Company estimates fair value of the assets based on certain assumptions such as budgets, internal projections, and other available information as considered necessary. There is no impairment of long-lived assets for the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

Customer deposits

Customer deposits consist of amounts received from customers relating to the sale of residential units in the PRC. In the PRC, customers will generally obtain permanent financing for the purchase of their residential unit prior to the completion of the project. The lending institution will provide the funding to the Company upon the completion of the financing rather than the completion of the project. The Company receives these funds and recognizes them as a liability until the revenue can be recognized.

Property warranty

The Company provides its customers with warranties which cover major defects of building structure and certain fittings and facilities of properties sold. The warranty period varies from two years to five years, depending on different property components the warranty covers. The Company continually estimates potential costs for materials and labor with regard to warranty-type claims expected to be incurred subsequent to the delivery of a property. Reserves are determined based on historical data and trends with respect to similar property types and geographical areas. The Company continually monitors the warranty reserve and makes adjustments to its pre-existing warranties, if any, in order to reflect changes in trends and historical data as information becomes available. The Company may seek further recourse against its contractors or any related third parties if it can be proved that the faults are caused by them. In addition, the Company also withholds up to 2% of the contract cost from sub-contractors for periods of two to five years. These amounts are included in construction deposits, and are only paid to the extent that there has been no warranty claim against the Company relating to the work performed or materials supplied by the subcontractors. For the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company had not recognized any warranty costs in excess of the amount retained from subcontractors and therefore, no warranty reserve is considered necessary at the balance sheet dates.

Stock-based compensation

Share-based payment transactions are measured based on the grant-date fair value of the equity instrument issued and recognized as compensation expense over the requisite service period, or vesting period.

Forfeitures to be estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in the subsequent period if actual forfeitures differ from initial estimates. Forfeiture rate is estimated based on historical and future expectation of employee turnover rate and are adjusted to reflect future change in circumstances and facts, if any. Share-based compensation expense is recorded net of estimated forfeitures such that expense was recorded only for those stock options and common stock awards that are expected to vest.

54

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

Construction Deposits

Construction deposits are the warranty deposits the real estate contractors provide to the Company upon signing the construction contracts. The Company can use such deposits to reimburse customers in the event of customer claims due to construction defects.  The remaining balance of the deposits are returned to the contractors when the terms of the after-sale property warranty expires, which normally occurs within two to five years after the date of the deposit.

Income taxes

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements or tax returns. Under this method, deferred income taxes are recognized for the tax consequences in future years of differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their financial reporting amounts at each period end based on enacted tax laws and statutory tax rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Valuation allowances are established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.

ASC 740-10-25 prescribes a more-likely-than-not threshold for consolidated financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken (or expected to be taken) in a tax return. It also provides guidance on the recognition of income tax assets and liabilities, classification of current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities, accounting for interest and penalties associated with tax positions, years open for tax examination, accounting for income taxes in interim periods and income tax disclosures. There are no material uncertain tax positions as of September 30, 2018 and 2017.

The Company is a corporation organized under the laws of the State of Florida. However, all of the Company’s operations are conducted solely by its subsidiaries in the PRC. No income is earned in the United States and the management does not repatriate any earnings outside the PRC.  As a result, the Company did not generate any U.S. taxable income for the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017. As of September 30, 2018, the Chinese entities’ income tax returns filed in China for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014 and 2013 are subject to examination by the Chinese taxing authorities.

As of September 30, 2018, the tax years ended September 30, 2010 through September 30, 2018 for the Company’s PRC entities remain open for statutory examination by PRC tax authorities. The parent Company China HGS Real Estate Inc.’s both U.S. federal tax returns and Florida state tax returns are delinquent since 2009. Its tax years ended September 30, 2014 through September 30, 2018 remains open for statutory examination by U.S. federal and state tax authorities.

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “Act”) was signed into law making significant changes to the Internal Revenue Code. Changes include, but are not limited to, a U.S. corporate tax rate decrease from 35% to 21% effective for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017, the transition of U.S international taxation from a worldwide tax system to a territorial system, and a one-time transition tax on the mandatory deemed repatriation of cumulative foreign earnings as of December 31, 2017. Due to the complexity involved in applying the provisions of the Tax Act, we made reasonable estimates of the effects and recorded accrued amounts in our consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2018, including an approximately $2.3 million provision on the deemed repatriation of undistributed foreign earnings and an additional $0.2 million provision for delinquent U.S. and State tax fillings. The Company is in the process of engaging a tax professional to file its delinquent tax returns.

55

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

Land appreciation tax (“LAT”)

In accordance with the relevant taxation laws in the PRC, the Company is subject to LAT based on progressive rates ranging from 30% to 60% on the appreciation of land value, which is calculated as the proceeds of sales of properties less deductible expenditures including borrowing costs and all property development expenditures. LAT is exempted if the appreciation values do not exceed certain thresholds specified in the relevant tax laws.

The whole project must be completed before the LAT obligation can be assessed. Accordingly, the Company should record the liability and the total related expense at the completion of a project unless the tax authorities impose an assessment at an earlier date.  The methods to implement this tax law vary among different geographic areas. Hanzhong, where the project Mingzhu Garden, Nan Dajie and Central Plaza are located, implements this tax rule by requiring real estate companies prepay the LAT based upon customer deposits received. The tax rate in Hanzhong is 1%. Yang County, where the project Yangzhou Pearl Garden and Yangzhou Palace are located, requires a tax rate of 0.5%.

Comprehensive income (loss)

In accordance with ASC 220-10-55, comprehensive income (loss) is defined as all changes in equity except those resulting from investments by owners and distributions to owners. The Company’s only components of comprehensive income (loss) for the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 were net income and foreign currency translation adjustments.

Advertising expenses

Advertising costs are expensed as incurred. For the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded advertising expenses of $164,355 and $166,575, respectively.

Basic and diluted earnings per share

The Company computes earnings per share (“EPS”) in accordance with the ASC 260, “Earnings per share”, which requires companies to present basic and diluted EPS. Basic EPS is measured as net income divided by the weighted average common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS is similar to basic EPS but presents the dilutive effect on a per share basis of potential common shares (e.g., convertible securities, options and warrants) as if they had been converted at the beginning of the periods presented, or issuance date, if later. Potential common shares that have an anti-dilutive effect (i.e., those that increase income per share or decrease loss per share) are excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS.

The following table presents a reconciliation of basic and diluted net income per share:

For the years ended September 30,
2018 2017
Net income attributable to common share holders $ 5,242,917 $ 6,329,114
Weighted average common shares used in Basic computation 45,050,000 45,050,000
Effect of diluted stock options - -
Weighted average common shares used in Diluted computation 45,050,000 45,050,000
Earnings per share – Basic and diluted $ 0.12 $ 0.14

56

CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

Concentration risk

The Company's operations are carried out in the PRC. Accordingly, the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations may be influenced by the political, economic and legal environment in the PRC, and by the general state of the PRC's economy. The Company's operations in the PRC are subject to specific considerations and significant risks not typically associated with companies in North America. The Company's results may be adversely affected by changes in governmental policies with respect to laws and regulations, anti-inflationary measures, currency conversion and remittance abroad, and rates and methods of taxation, among other things. Financial instruments which potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and trade accounts receivable. All of the Company’s cash is maintained with state-owned banks within the People’s Republic of China of which no deposits are covered by insurance. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and believes it is not exposed to any risks on its cash in bank accounts

The Company is dependent on third-party sub-contractors, manufacturers, and distributors for all construction services and supply of construction materials. For the year ended September 30, 2018, only one supplier accounted for more than 10% of the total project expenditure (approximately 10.8%). For the year ended September 30, 2017, no suppliers accounted for more than 10% of the total project expenditure.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)” (“ASU 2014-09”). ASU 2014-09 requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. ASU 2014-09 will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles when it becomes effective and permits the use of either the retrospective or cumulative effect transition method. The guidance also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-14, “Deferral of the Effective Date” (“ASU 2015-14”), which defers the effective date for ASU 2014-09 by one year. For public entities, the guidance in ASU 2014-09 will be effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 (including interim reporting periods within those periods), which means it will be effective for the Company’s fiscal year beginning October 1, 2018. In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-08, “Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue versus Net)” (“ASU 2016-08”), which clarifies the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations in the new revenue recognition standard. In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-10, “Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing” (“ASU 2016-10”), which reduces the complexity when applying the guidance for identifying performance obligations and improves the operability and understandability of the license implementation guidance. In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-12 “Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients” (“ASU 2016-12”), which amends the guidance on transition, collectability, noncash consideration and the presentation of sales and other similar taxes. In December 2016, the FASB further issued ASU 2016-20, “Technical Corrections and Improvements to Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (“ASU 2016-20”), which makes minor corrections or minor improvements to the Codification that are not expected to have a significant effect on current accounting practice or create a significant administrative cost to most entities. The amendments are intended to address implementation and provide additional practical expedients to reduce the cost and complexity of applying the new revenue standard. These amendments have the same effective date as the new revenue standard.

The Company will adopt ASC 606 on October 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach and will apply the adoption only to contracts not completed as of the date of adoption, with no restatement of comparative periods, and a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings recognized as of the date of adoption. As part of the implementation of ASC 606, the Company performed an assessment including identifying revenue streams within the scope of ASC 606, analyzing contracts and reviewing potential changes to its existing revenue recognition accounting policies.

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (continued)

Recent Accounting Pronouncements-continued

A significant portion of the Company’s revenue is derived from real estate sales of development properties in the PRC, with revenue currently recognized using the percentage of completion method. Under the new standard, to recognize revenue over time similar to the percentage of completion method, contractual provisions need to provide the Company with an enforceable right to payment and the Company has no alternative use of the asset. Historically, all contracts executed contained an enforceable right to home purchase payments and the Company had no alternative use of assets, therefore, the Company does not expect the Company’s consolidated financial statements will have a material upon adoption of ASC 606..

In February 2016, the FASB issued guidance which requires lessees to recognize a right of use asset and lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases, including operating leases, with a term in excess of 12 months. The guidance also expands the quantitative and qualitative disclosure requirements. The guidance is effective in fiscal year 2020, with early adoption permitted, and must be applied using a modified retrospective approach. In July 2018, the FASB issued updates to the lease standard making transition requirements less burdensome. The update provides an option to apply the transition provisions of the new standard at its adoption date instead of at the earliest comparative period presented in the company’s financial statements. The new guidance requires the lessee to record operating leases on the balance sheet with a right-of-use asset and corresponding liability for future payment obligations. FASB further issued ASU 2018-11 “Target Improvement” and ASU 2018-20 “Narrow-scope Improvements for Lessors” The company will adopt the standard effective October 1, 2019. We are currently evaluating the impact of adopting this new guidance on our Consolidated Financial Statements.

In November 2016, the FASB issued new guidance related to the classification and presentation of changes in restricted cash on the Statement of Cash Flows (ASU 2016-18). Under the new guidance, an entity should present in their Statement of Cash Flows the changes during the period in the total of cash and cash equivalents and amounts described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and ending-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. This guidance is first effective for our fiscal year beginning October 1, 2018 and will be adopted under a retrospective approach. Upon adoption on October 1, 2018, this new guidance will impact our Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows but will not have an impact on our financial position and results of operations.

In February 2018, The FASB has issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2018-02, “Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects From Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income.” The ASU amends ASC 220, Income Statement — Reporting Comprehensive Income, to “allow a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.” In addition, under the ASU, an entity will be required to provide certain disclosures regarding stranded tax effects. The ASU is effective for our fiscal year beginning October 1, 2019. The adoption of this guidance will not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In March 2018, the FASB issued guidance relative to Income Taxes (Topic 740) that adds various Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) paragraphs pursuant to the issuance of the December 2017 SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118, Income Tax Accounting Implications of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“SAB 118”), which was effective immediately. The SEC issued SAB 118 to address concerns about reporting entities’ ability to timely comply with the accounting requirements to recognize all of the effects of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”) in the period of enactment. SAB 118 allows disclosure that timely determination of some or all of the income tax effects from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act are incomplete by the due date of the financial statements and if possible, to provide a reasonable estimate. For the years ended September 30, 2018, the Company recognized a one-time transition toll tax of $2.3 million that represented management’s estimate of the amount of U.S. corporate income tax based on the deemed repatriation to the United States of the Company’s share of previously deferred earnings of certain non-U.S. subsidiaries and VIE of the Company mandated by the U.S. Tax Reform. The Company’s estimate of the onetime transition toll Tax is subject to the finalization of management’s analysis related to certain matters, such as developing interpretations of the provisions of the Tax Act and amounts related to the earnings and profits of certain foreign VIEs and the filing of our tax returns. U.S. Treasury regulations, administrative interpretations or court decisions interpreting the Tax Act may require further adjustments and changes in our estimates. Any subsequent adjustment to these amounts will be recorded to current tax expense in subsequent period when the analysis is complete.

In June 2018, the FASB issued amended guidance that aligns the measurement and classification guidance for share-based payments to nonemployees with the guidance for share-based payments to employees, with certain exceptions (ASU 2018-07). The amended guidance states an entity should measure the fair value of the award by estimating the fair value of the equity instruments to be issued and, for equity-classified awards, the fair value should be measured on the grant date. The amended guidance also clarifies that nonemployee awards that contain a performance condition are to be measured based on the outcome that is probable and that entities may elect, on an award-by-award basis, to use the expected term or the contractual term to measure the award. This amended guidance is first effective for our fiscal year beginning October 1, 2019 and will be adopted using a modified retrospective approach with a cumulative adjustment to retained earnings. We plan to early adopt this new standard on October 1, 2018. We do not expect this new guidance to have a material impact on our financial position and results of operations.

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 3.  REAL ESTATE PROPERTY COMPLETED AND UNDER DEVELOPMENT

The following summarizes the components of real estate property completed and under development as of September 30, 2018 and 2017:

Balance as of
September 30,
2018
September 30,
2017
Development completed:
Hanzhong City Mingzhu Garden Phase I $ 655,268 $ 823,319
Hanzhong City Mingzhu Garden Phase II 31,096,125 42,274,715
Hanzhong City Nan Dajie (Mingzhu Xinju) 1,204,695 1,306,669
Hanzhong City Oriental Pearl Garden (a) 21,397,560 29,969,640
Yang County Yangzhou Pearl Garden Phase I 1,673,351 1,880,443
Yang County Yangzhou Pearl Garden Phase II 4,189,829 4,365,714
Real estate property development completed 60,216,828 80,620,500
Less:  Real estate property completed – short-term 58,999,178 79,233,948
Real estate property completed – long-term $ 1,217,650 $ 1,386,552
Under development:
Yang County Yangzhou Palace $ 60,128,554 $ 87,126,402
Hanzhong City Shijin Project 7,052,669 7,280,256
Hanzhong City Liangzhou Road related projects (b) 135,011,975 133,941,504
Hanzhong City Hanfeng Beiyuan East (c) 734,953 758,670
Hanzhong City Beidajie (e) and related projects 67,793,750 36,335,231
Yang County East 2nd Ring Road (d) 4,838,568 2,351,615
Real estate property under development 275,560,469 267,793,678
Less:  Short-term portion 60,128,554 87,126,402
Real estate property under development –long-term $ 215,431,915 $ 180,667,276

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 3.  REAL ESTATE PROPERTY COMPLETED AND UNDER DEVELOPMENT (continued)

(a) The Company recognized $28,657,703 of development cost in the cost of real estate sales under the percentage of completion method for the year ended September 30, 2018 (2017 - $11,872,162).

(b)

In September 2013, the Company entered into an agreement (“Liangzhou Agreement”) with the Hanzhong local government on the Liangzhou Road reformation and expansion project (Liangzhou Road Project”). Pursuant to the agreement, the Company is contracted to reform and expand the Liangzhou Road, a commercial street in downtown Hanzhong City, with a total length of 2,080 meters and width of 30 meters and to resettle the existing residences in the Liangzhou road area. The government’s original road construction budget was approximately $33 million in accordance with the Liangzhou Agreement. The Company, in return, is being compensated by the local government to have an exclusive right on acquiring at least 394.5 Mu land use rights in a specified location of Hanzhong City. The Liangzhou Road Project’s road construction started at the end of 2013. In 2014, the original scope and budget on the Liangzhou road reformation and expansion project was extended, because the local government included more area and resettlement residences into the project, which resulted in additional investments from the Company. In return, the Company is authorized by the local government to develop and manage the commercial and residential properties surrounding the Liangzhou Road project. As of September 30, 2018, the main Liangzhou road construction is substantially completed and is expected to be approved by the local government in fiscal 2019.

The Company’s development cost incurred on Liangzhou Road Project is treated as the Company’s deposit on purchasing the related land use rights, as agreed by the local government. As of September 30, 2018, the actual costs incurred by the Company were $135,011,975 (September 30, 2017 - $133,941,504) and the incremental cost related to residence resettlement approved by the local government. The Company determined that the Company’s Investment in Liangzhou Road Project in exchange for interests in future land use rights is a barter transaction with commercial substance.

(c) In September 2012, the Company was approved by the Hanzhong local government to construct four municipal roads with a total length of approximately 1,192 meters. The project was deferred and then restarted during the quarter ended March 31, 2014. As of September 30, 2018, the local government was still in the process of assessing the budget for these projects.

(d) The Company was engaged by the Yang County local government to construct the East 2nd Ring Road with a total length of 2.15 km. The local government is required to repay the Company’s project investment costs within 3 years with interest at the interest rate based on the commercial borrowing rate with the similar term published by China construction bank (September 30, 2018 and 2017 - 4.75%). The local government has approved a refund to the Company by reducing local surcharges or taxes otherwise required in the real estate development. The road construction was substantially completed as of September 30, 2018 and in process of government review and approval.

As of September 30, 2018 and 2017, land use rights included in real estate property under development totaled $14,749,085 and $18,040,624, respectively.

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 CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 4.  PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET

As of September 30, 2018 and 2017, property, plant and equipment was as follows:

As of September 30,
2018 2017
Buildings $ 796,016 $ 821,703
Machinery - 27,956
Automobiles 243,478 251,335
Total 1,039,494 1,100,994
Less: accumulated depreciation 321,128 275,161
Property, plant and equipment, net $ 718,366 $ 825,833

Depreciation expense for the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $85,788 and $67,074, respectively.

NOTE 5. RECEIVABLE FROM LOCAL GOVERNMENT

In June 2012, the Company was approved by Hanzhong local government to construct two municipal roads with total length of 1,064.09 meters. The Company completed and delivered these two roads to the local government on March 21, 2014 with local government’s approval. The Company recognized such revenue during the year ended September 30, 2014. As of September 30, 2018, a receivable from the Hanzhong local government of $2,836,865 was classified as long term on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets (September 30, 2017 - $2,928,410) because the Company expected to realize the receivable to offset municipal surcharges from local government for the Liangzhou Road related projects when the Company started the Liangzhou Road related real estate property construction in 2019 and later years.

NOTE 6. SECURITY DEPOSITS

As of September 30, 2018 and 2017, security deposits were as follows:

As of September 30,
2018 2017
Security deposit for land use right(1) $ 2,912,056 $ 3,006,027
Security deposits for other loan(2) 5,384,726 5,558,490
Security deposits $ 8,296,782 $ 8,564,517

(1) In May 2011, the Company entered into a development agreement with the Hanzhong local government. Pursuant to the agreement, the Company prepaid $2,912,056 and $3,006,027 to acquire certain land use rights through public bidding as of September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The Company currently expects to make payment of the remaining development cost as the government’s work progresses. The Company classified the security deposits for land use rights as long term based on the Company’s development plan.

(2) In connection with financing from Hanzhong Urban Construction Investment Development Co., Ltd (See note 7), the Company provided a security deposit for the loan received. As of September 30, 2018, the security deposit balances were $5,384,726 (September 30, 2017 - $5,558,490) for other loan with Hanzhong Urban Construction Investment Development Co., Ltd.

61

 CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 7. OTHER LOANS

September 30, 2018 September 30, 2017
Loan A (i) $ 96,472,714 $ 97,473,417
Loan B (ii) 8,736,168 12,024,108
Loan C (iii) 17,287,299 17,845,155
122,496,181 127,342,680
Less: current maturities of other loans 55,610,803 28,545,233
Other loans – long-term portion $ 66,885,378 $ 98,797,447

(i) On June 26, 2015 and March 10, 2016, the Company signed phase I and Phase II agreements with Hanzhong Urban Construction Investment Development Co., Ltd, a state owned Company, to borrow up to $112,842,167 (RMB 775,000,000) for a long term loan at 4.75% interest per year to develop Liangzhou Road Project. As of September 30, 2018, the Company borrowed $96,472,714 under this credit line (September 30, 2017 - $97,473,417) with final due date in October 2021. The loan is guaranteed by Hanzhong City Hantai District Municipal Government and pledged by the Company’s Yang County Yangzhou Palace project with carrying value of $60,128,554 as of September 30, 2018 (September 30, 2017- $87,126,402). In addition, the Company was required to provide a security deposit for the loan received (see note 6). As of September 30, 2018, the security deposits paid were $5,384,726 (2017 - 5,558,490) for loans received. For the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the interests paid were $5,672,717 and $4,763,399, respectively, which was capitalized in to the development cost of Liangzhou road project. Due to local government’s delay in reallocation of residence in Liangzhou Road and related area, the Hanzhong Urban Construction Investment Development Co., Ltd has not released all the funds available in this loan to the Company and the Company’s withdraw will be based on the project’s development progress. The total required loan repayment schedule assuming total loan proceeds are borrowed are listed below:

For the years ending: Repayment in USD Repayment in RMB
September 30, 2019 46,874,635 321,935,000
September 30, 2020 31,680,256 217,580,000
September 30, 2021 12,738,789 87,490,000
September 30, 2022 5,179,034 35,569,604
Total 96,472,714 662,574,604

(ii) On January 8, 2016, the Company signed a loan agreement with Hanzhong Municipal Housing Provident Fund Management Center (“Housing Fund”) to borrow up to $11,648,224 (RMB 80,000,000) on development of Oriental Garden related projects. The loan carries interest at 3.575% per year and is due in January 2019. The Company’s major shareholder Mr. Xiaojun Zhu pledged his personal assets as collateral for the loan. As of September 30, 2018, the Company received all the proceeds from Housing Fund. The progress repayment is required based on certain sales milestones or a fixed repayment schedule starting in July 2018. The Housing Fund has rights to monitor the project’s future cash flow. For year ended September 30, 2018, total interest was $423,243, which was included in the interest expense, because the related Oriental Garden project was completed in fiscal year 2016. For year ended September 30, 2017, total interest was $425,779, which was included in the interest expense. Subsequently in October 2018, the Company made repayment of $4,368,084 (RMB 30,000,000) according to the repayment schedule. The full amount of loan has following repayment schedule:

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 7. OTHER LOANS (continued)

Repayment in USD Repayment in RMB
Earlier of October 2018 or 70% sales completed 4,368,084 30,000,000
Earlier of January 2019 or 75% sales completed 4,368,084 30,000,000
Total 8,736,168 60,000,000

(iii) In December 2016, the Company signed a loan agreement with Hantai District Urban Construction Investment Development Co., Ltd, a state owned Company, to borrow up to $17,326,733 (RMB 119,000,000) for the development of Hanzhong City Liangzhou Road project. As of September 30, 2018, the Company received all the proceeds and repaid unused fund of $39,433 (RMB 270,829). The loan carries interest at a fixed interest of 1.2% and is due on June 20, 2031. The Company is required to repay the loan by equal annual principal repayment of $3,465,347 from December 2027 through June 2031. The Company pledged the assets of Liangzhou Road related projects with carrying value of $135,011,975 as collateral for the loan. Total interest of $221,490 and $212,596 for the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, were capitalized in to the development cost of Hanzhong City Liangzhou Road project.

Additionally, in September 2017, the Urban Development Center Co., Ltd. approved a construction loan for the Company in the amount of $25,480,489 (RMB 175,000,000) with an annual interest rate of 1.2% per year in connection with the Liangzhou Road and related Project. The Company is required to repay the loan by equal annual principal repayment of $5,096,098 from December 2027 through May 2031. The amount of this loan is available to be drawn down as soon as the land use rights of the Liangzhou Road is approved and the construction starts, which is expected to begin in the 2019. Interest charge for the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $325,270 and $312,645, respectively, which was included in the construction capitalized costs.

NOTE 8.  CUSTOMER DEPOSITS

Customer deposits consist of amounts received from customers for the pre-sale of residential units in the PRC. The details of customer deposits are as follows:

As of September 30,
2018 2017
Customer deposits by real estate projects
Mingzhu Garden
(Mingzhu Nanyuan and Mingzhu Beiyuan)
$ 8,246,058 $ 9,931,120
Oriental Pearl Garden 4,648,784 6,342,632
Liangzhou road related projects 1,914,677 2,314,641
Yang County Pearl Garden 997,312 934,557
Yangzhou Palace 6,341,918 7,405,554
Total 22,148,749 26,928,504
Less: Customer deposits - short-term 20,234,072 24,613,864
Customer deposits - long-term $ 1,914,677 $ 2,314,640

Customer deposits are typically 10% - 20% of the unit price for those customers who purchase properties in cash and 30%-50% of the unit price for those customers who purchase properties with mortgages. Buyers with mortgage loans pay customer deposits. The banks provide the balance of the funding to the Company upon consummation of the sales. The banks hold the properties as collateral for customers’ mortgage loans. If the customers default, the bank will repossess the collateral properties. Except during the Mortgage Loan Guarantee Period of approximately six to twelve months, the banks have no recourse to the Company for customers’ defaults. As of September 30, 2018 and 2017, approximately $3.5 million and $2.7 million was guaranteed by the Company, respectively.

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 9. SHAREHOLDERS LOANS

As of September 30,
2018 2017
Shareholder loan – USD loan (a) $ 1,810,000 $ 1,810,000
Shareholder loan – RMB loan (b) 332,110 494,632
Total $ 2,142,110 $ 2,304,632,

a. The Company has a one year loan agreement (“USD Loan Agreement”) with our Chairman, CEO and major shareholder”), pursuant to which the Company borrowed $1,810,000 to make a capital injection into Shaanxi HGS, the Company’s subsidiary. The interest rate for the loan is 4% per annum and the loan matured on July 19, 2014. The Company entered into the amendments to the USD Loan Agreement to extend the term until July 31, 2019. The Company recorded interest of $72,400 for each of the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017. The Company has not yet paid this interest and it is recorded in accrued expenses in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

b. On December 31, 2013, Shaanxi Guangsha Investment and Development Group Co., Ltd. (the “Guangsha”), the Company's PRC operating subsidiary, entered into a loan agreement with the Chairman (the “Shareholder RMB Loan Agreement”), pursuant to which Guangsha is able to borrow in order to support the Company’s Liang Shan Road construction project development and the Company’s working capital needs. The Loan Agreement has a one-year term, and has been renewed upon maturity, with at an interest rate of 4.35% per year. The RMB loan balance as of September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $332,110 and $494,632, respectively. For the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the interest was $28,586 and $42,141, respectively, which is capitalized in the development cost of Liangzhou road project.

NOTE 10. STOCK OPTIONS

On August 22, 2015, the Company’s Board of Directors granted stock options to two independent directors to purchase up to an aggregate of 120,000 shares of the Company’s common stock (“2015 Stock Options).  The shares underlying the options become excisable during the following 36 months period at the end of each quarter. The exercise price of the options is $1.89 per share. As of September 30, 2018 and 2017, 100% and 69.4% of the option awards have vested, respectively.

The assumptions used in calculating the fair value of options granted using the Black-Scholes option pricing model are as follows:

Options
granted in
August 2015
Risk-free interest rate 0.95 %
Expected life of the options 3 year
Expected volatility 143 %
Expected dividend yield 0 %
Fair value $ 178,800

The Company uses the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, which incorporates various assumptions including volatility, expected life and interest rates to determine fair value. The Company’s expected volatility assumption is based on the historical volatility of Company’s stock. The expected life assumption is primarily based on the simplified method due to the Company’s limited option exercise behavior. The risk-free interest rate for the expected term of the option is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant. The following table summarizes the stock option activities of the Company:

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 10. STOCK OPTIONS (continued)

Number of
options
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Life in
Years
Grant Date
Fair Value
Outstanding, September 30, 2016 120,000 $ 1.89 1.89 $ 178,800
Granted - - - -
Forfeited - - - -
Exercised - - - -
Outstanding, September 30, 2017 120,000 $ 1.89 0.89 $ 178,800
Granted - - - -
Forfeited (120,00 ) - - -
Exercised - - - -
Outstanding, September 30, 2018 - $ - - -
Exercisable, September 30, 2018 - $ - - -

Stock-based compensation expense recognized in the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $54,633 and $59,600, respectively. As of September 30, 2018 and 2017, there was Nil and $54,633 unrecognized compensation cost related to stock option awards that are expected to be recognized.

NOTE 11. TAXES

(A) Business sales tax and VAT

The Company is subject to a 5% business sales tax on revenue.  It is the Company’s continuing practice to recognize the 5% business sales tax based on revenue as a cost of sales as the revenue is recognized. As of September 30, 2018, the Company had business sales tax payable of $9,871,794 (2017 - $14,143,444), which is expected to be paid when the projects are completed and assessed by the local tax authority. In May of 2016, the Business Tax has been incorporated into Value Added Tax in China, which means there will be no more Business Tax and accordingly some business operations previously taxed in the name of Business Tax will be taxed in the manner of VAT thereafter. The Company is subject to 5% of VAT for its all existing real estate project based on the local tax authority’s practice.

(B) Corporate income taxes (“CIT”)

The Company’s PRC subsidiaries and VIE are governed by the Income Tax Law of the People’s Republic of China concerning the privately run enterprises, which are generally subject to income tax at a statutory rate of 25% on income reported in the statutory financial statements after appropriate tax adjustments. However, as approved by the local tax authority of Hanzhong City, the Company’s CIT was assessed annually at a pre-determined fixed rate as an incentive to stimulate the local economy and encourage entrepreneurship. The local income tax rate in Hanzhong is 2.5% and in Yang County is 1.25% on revenue for the year ended September 30, 2017. Starting from fiscal 2018, the Company’s CIT changed to 25% on taxable income. The change in the income tax policy could negatively affect the Company’s net income in future years. Although the possibility exists for reinterpretation of the application of the tax regulations by higher tax authorities in the PRC, potentially overturning the decision made by the local tax authority, the Company has not experienced any reevaluation of the income taxes for prior years. The PRC tax rules are different from the local tax rules and the Company is required to comply with local tax rules. The difference between the two tax rules will not be a liability of the Company. There will be no further tax payments for the difference. For the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company’s income tax payable balance were $8,331,026 and $6,216,432, respectively. The Company expects to pay off the income tax payable balance when the related real estate projects are completely sold.

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 11. TAXES (continued)

The following table reconciles the statutory rates to the Company’s effective tax rate for the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017:

2018 2017
Chinese statutory tax rate 25.0 % 25.0 %
Valuation allowance change 0.2 0.6
one-time transition toll tax and others 23.9
Net impact of Exemption rendered by local tax authorities and other adjustments 0.1 (8.6 )
Effective tax rate 49.2 % 17.0 %

Income tax expense for the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 is summarized as follows:

For the years ended September 30,
2018 2017
Current tax provision $ 3,073,659 $ 1,127,692
Deferred tax provision 1,999,052 167,007
Income tax expense $ 5,072,711 $ 1,294,699

The components of deferred taxes as of September 30, 2018 and 2017 consist of the following:

As of September 30,
2018 2017
Deferred tax liability:
Revenue recognized based on percentage of completion $ 2,068,257 $ 170,950

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 11. TAXES (continued)

Recent U.S. federal tax legislation, commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “U.S. Tax Reform”), was signed into law on December 22, 2017. The U.S. Tax Reform significantly modified the U.S. Internal Revenue Code by, among other things, reducing the statutory U.S. federal corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21% for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017; limiting and/or eliminating many business deductions; migrating the U.S. to a territorial tax system with a one-time transition tax on a mandatory deemed repatriation of previously deferred foreign earnings of certain foreign subsidiaries; subject to certain limitations, generally eliminating U.S. corporate income tax on dividends from foreign subsidiaries; and providing for new taxes on certain foreign earnings. Taxpayers may elect to pay the one-time transition tax over eight years or in a single lump sum. The U.S. Tax Reform also includes provisions for a new tax on GILTI effective for tax years of foreign corporations beginning after December 31, 2017. The GILTI provisions impose a tax on foreign income in excess of a deemed return on tangible assets of controlled foreign corporations (“CFCs”), subject to the possible use of foreign tax credits and a deduction equal to 50 percent to offset the income tax liability, subject to some limitations.

For the years ended September 30, 2018, the Company recognized a one-time transition toll tax of approximately $2.3 million that represented management’s estimate of the amount of U.S. corporate income tax based on the deemed repatriation to the United States of the Company’s share of previously deferred earnings of certain non-U.S. subsidiaries and VIE of the Company mandated by the U.S. Tax Reform. The Company’s estimate of the onetime transition toll Tax is subject to the finalization of management’s analysis related to certain matters, such as developing interpretations of the provisions of the Tax Act and amounts related to the earnings and profits of certain foreign VIEs and the filing of our tax returns. U.S. Treasury regulations, administrative interpretations or court decisions interpreting the Tax Act may require further adjustments and changes in our estimates. The Company provided an additional $0.2 million tax provision due to delinquent U.S. tax return fillings.

(C) Land appreciation tax (“LAT”)

Since January 1, 1994, LAT has been applicable at progressive tax rates ranging from 30% to 60% on the appreciation of land values, with an exemption provided for the sales of ordinary residential properties if the appreciation values do not exceed certain thresholds specified in the relevant tax laws. However, the Company’s local tax authority in Hanzhong City has not imposed the regulation on real estate companies in its area of administration. Instead, the local tax authority has levied the LAT at the rate of 0.5% in Yang County and 1.0% in Hanzhong against total cash receipts from sales of real estate properties, rather than according to the progressive rates.

As at September 30, 2018, the outstanding LAT payable balance was $141,765 with respect to completed real estate properties sold up to September 30, 2018. As at September 30, 2017, the Company has an outstanding LAT payable balance of $1,292,527 with respect to completed real estate properties sold up to September 30, 2017

(D) Taxes payable consisted of the following:

September 30,
2018
September 30,
2017
CIT $ 8,331,026 $ 6,216,432
Business tax 9,871,794 14,143,444
Other taxes and fees 2,250,861 2,020,188
Total taxes payables 20,453,681 22,380,064
Less: current portion 15,492,902 17,259,202
Tax payable – long term * $ 4,960,779 $ 5,120,862

*The Company reclassified the previous recognized deferred tax liabilities to income tax payable in fiscal 2017 due to the completion of the related real estate projects. The Company expects to fully settle the income tax payable when related real estate projects are sold.

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 12.  STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(a) Common stock

As of September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company has a total of 45,050,000 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.

(b) Statutory surplus reserves

The Company is required to make appropriations to reserve funds, comprising the statutory surplus reserve and discretionary surplus reserve, based on after-tax net income determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles of the PRC (“PRC GAAP”).

Appropriations to the statutory surplus reserve is required to be at least 10% of the after tax net income determined in accordance with PRC GAAP until the reserve is equal to 50% of the entities’ registered capital. Appropriations to the discretionary surplus reserve are made at the discretion of the Board of Directors. The statutory surplus reserve fund is non-discretionary other than during liquidation and can be used to fund previous years’ losses, if any, and may be utilized for business expansion or converted into share capital by issuing new shares to existing shareholders in proportion to their shareholding or by increasing the par value of shares currently held by them, provided that the remaining statutory surplus reserve balance after such issue is not less than 25% of the registered capital before the conversion. Pursuant to the Company’s articles of incorporation, the Company is to appropriate 10% of its net profits as statutory surplus reserve. As of September 30, 2018 and 2017, the balance of statutory surplus reserve was $9,925,794 and $9,142,899, respectively.

The discretionary surplus reserve may be used to acquire fixed assets or to increase the working capital to expend on production and operation of the business. The Company’s Board of Directors decided not to make an appropriation to this reserve for the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

NOTE 13. CONTINGENCIES AND COMMITMENTS

From time to time, the Company is a party to various legal actions arising in the ordinary course of business. The Company accrues costs associated with these matters when they become probable and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Legal costs incurred in connection with loss contingencies are expensed as incurred. The Company's management does not expect any liability from the disposition of such claims and litigation individually or in the aggregate would have a material adverse impact on the Company's consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

As an industry practice, the Company provides guarantees to PRC banks with respect to loans procured by the purchasers of the Company’s real estate properties for the total mortgage loan amount until the completion of obtaining the “Certificate of Ownership” of the properties from the government, which generally takes six to twelve months. Because the banks provide loan proceeds without getting the “Certificate of Ownership” as loan collateral during this six to twelve months’ period, the mortgage banks require the Company to maintain, as restricted cash, 5% to 10% of the mortgage proceeds as security for the Company’s obligations under such guarantees. If a purchaser defaults on its payment obligations, the mortgage bank may deduct the delinquent mortgage payment from the security deposit and require the Company to pay the excess amount if the delinquent mortgage payments exceed the security deposit. The Company has made necessary reserves in its restricted cash account to cover any potential mortgage defaults as required by the mortgage lenders. The Company has not experienced any losses related to this guarantee and believes that such reserves are sufficient. As of September 30, 2018 and 2017, the amount of security deposit provided for these guarantees was approximately $3.5 million and $2.7 million respectively.

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE INC.

SCHEDULE I- PARENT COMPANY BALANCE SHEETS

(UNAUDITED)

September 30,
2018 2017
ASSETS
Investment in subsidiary $ 166,471,736 $ 164,151,866
Total Assets $ 166,471,736 $ 164,151,866
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accrued expenses $ 524,900 $ 452,500
Tax payable 2,459,000 -
Shareholder loan 1,810,000 1,810,000
Total current liabilities 4,793,900 2,262,500
Stockholders' equity
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 45,050,000 shares issued and outstanding 45,050 45,050
Additional paid-in capital 129,907,805 129,853,172
Statutory surplus 9,925,794 9,142,899
Retained earnings 30,803,052 26,343,030
Accumulated other comprehensive deficit (9,003,865 ) (3,494,785 )
Total stockholders' equity 161,677,836 161,889,366
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity $ 166,471,736 $ 164,151,866

The accompanying notes are integral part of Schedule I

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE INC.

SCHEDULE I - STATEMENTS OF INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

FOR THE YEARS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018 AND 2017

(UNAUDITED)

2018 2017
Equity in profit of subsidiary $ 7,828,950 $ 6,461,114
General and administrative expenses 54,633 59,600
Interest expense 72,400 72,400
Income before income taxes 7,701,917 6,329,114
Provision for income taxes 2,459,000 -
Net income 5,242,917 6,329,114
Other comprehensive income (loss)
Foreign currency translation adjustment (5,509,080 ) 551,711
Comprehensive income (loss) $ (266,163 ) $ 6,880,825

The accompanying notes are integral part of Schedule I

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE INC.

SCHEDULE I - STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2018 AND 2017

(UNAUDITED)

2018 2017
Cash flows from operating activities
Net income $ 5,242,917 $ 6,329,114
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities:
Stock based compensation 54,633 59,600
Equity in profit of subsidiary (7,828,950 ) (6,461,114 )
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Tax payable 2,459,000 -
Accrued expenses 72,400 72,400
Net cash used in operating activities $ - $ -
Net increase (decrease) in cash - -
Cash, beginning of year - -
Cash, end of year $ - $ -
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
Interest paid $ - $ -
Income taxes paid $ - $ -

The accompanying notes are integral part of Schedule I

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CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE INC.

NOTES TO SCHEDULE I

NOTE 1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted. The Company’s investment in subsidiary and variable interest entity (“VIE”) is stated at cost plus equity in undistributed earnings of subsidiaries.

NOTE 2. RESTRICTED ASSETS

The Company’s PRC VIE and subsidiary are restricted in their ability to transfer a portion of their net assets to the Company. The payment of dividends by entities organized in China is subject to limitations, procedures and formalities. Regulations in the PRC currently permit payment of dividends only out of accumulated profits as determined in accordance with accounting standards and regulations in China. The Company’s subsidiaries and its VIEs are also required to set aside at least 10% of its after-tax profit based on PRC accounting standards each year to its statutory reserves account until the accumulative amount of such reserves reaches 50% of its respective registered capital. The aforementioned reserves can only be used for specific purposes and are not distributable as cash dividends.

In addition, the Company’s operations and revenues are conducted and generated in China, all of the Company’s revenues being earned and currency received are denominated in RMB. RMB is subject to the foreign exchange control regulation in China, and, as a result, the Company may be unable to distribute any dividends outside of China due to PRC foreign exchange control regulations that restrict the Company’s ability to convert RMB into US Dollars.

Schedule I of Article 5-04 of Regulation S-X requires the condensed financial information of registrant shall be filed when the restricted net assets of consolidated subsidiaries exceed 25 percent of consolidated net assets as of the end of the most recently completed fiscal year. For purposes of the above test, restricted net assets of consolidated subsidiaries shall mean that amount of the registrant’s proportionate share of net assets of consolidated subsidiaries (after intercompany eliminations) which as of the end of the most recent fiscal year may not be transferred to the parent company by subsidiaries in the form of loans, advances or cash dividends without the consent of a third party. The condensed parent company financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Rule 12-04, Schedule I of Regulation S-X as the restricted net assets of the Company’s PRC subsidiary and VIE exceed 25% of the consolidated net assets of the Company.

NOTE 3. COMMITMENTS

The Company did not have any significant commitments or long-term obligations as at September 30, 2018 and 2017.

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Item 9.  Changes and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

None.

Item 9A.  Controls and Procedures

(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, we carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in SEC Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on such evaluation, our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of September 30, 2018, because of the material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting as described below.

(b) Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

The Company’s management is responsible for establishing and maintaining internal controls over financial reporting. Internal Control Over Financial Reporting is a process designed by, and under the supervision of, the Company’s principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, and effected by the Company’s board of directors, management and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and includes those policies and procedures that:

1. Pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company;

2. Provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of its management and board of directors; and

3. Provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on its financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting is not intended to provide absolute assurance that a misstatement of our consolidated financial statements would be prevented or detected. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risks that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

Our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, has conducted a self-assessment, including attestation of the design and operational effectiveness of the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting as of September 30, 2018. In making its assessment, management used the2013Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the “2013 COSO Framework”). The 2013 COSO Framework outlines the 17 underlying principles and the following fundamental components of a company’s internal control:,(i) control environment, (ii) risk assessment, (iii) control activities, (iv) information and communication, and (v) monitoring. Our management has implemented and tested our internal control over financial reporting based on these criteria and identified certain material weaknesses set forth below.

Based on this evaluation, our management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2018 was ineffective.

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A material weakness is a deficiency or a combination of deficiencies in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the annual or interim consolidated financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.

Management identified the following material weaknesses in its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2018:

· Lack of adequate policies and procedures in internal audit function, which could result in: (1) lack of communication between internal audit department and the Audit Committee and the Board of Directors and (2) insufficient internal audit work to ensure that the Company’s policies and procedures have been carried out as planned.

· Lack of sufficient full-time accounting staff in our accounting department that have U.S. GAAP experience.

Remediation Efforts to Address Significant Deficiencies

To remediate the material weaknesses described above and to prevent similar deficiencies in the future, we are currently evaluating additional controls and procedures, which may include:

· Provide more U.S. GAAP knowledge and SEC reporting requirement training for the accounting department and establish formal policies and procedures in internal audit function.

· Implementation of an ongoing initiative and training in the Company to ensure the importance of internal controls and compliance with established policies and procedures are fully understood throughout the organization and plan to provide continuous U.S. GAAP knowledge training to relevant employees involved to ensure the performance of and compliance with those procedures and policies.

Any actions we have taken or may take to remediate these material weaknesses are subject to continued management review supported by testing, as well as oversight by the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors. We cannot assure you that these material weaknesses will not occur in the future and that we will be able to remediate such weaknesses in a timely manner, which could impair our ability to accurately and timely report our financial position, results of operations or cash flows. See the Risk Factor included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

(c) Changes in Internal Controls over Financial Reporting

The management is committed to improving the internal controls over financial reporting and will undertake the consistent improvements or enhancements on an ongoing basis. Except as described above, there has been no change to our internal control over financial reporting during our most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

Item 9B.  Other Information

None.

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PART III

Item 10.  Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

Directors

The Board of Directors is presently composed of five (5) members: Xiaojun Zhu, Shenghui Luo, Christy Young Shue, John Chen, and Yuankai Wen. Mr. Zhu serves as Chairman of the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors has determined that Christy Young Shue, John Chen, and Yuankai Wen are independent directors within the meaning set forth in the NASDAQ listing rules and as required by the rules and regulations of the SEC, as currently in effect.

Below you will find a tabular summary of our entire Board, their age as of September 30, 2018, the year they were each elected, and the year in which their term ends.

Name Age Position Director Since
Xiaojun Zhu 51 President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors 2009
Shenghui Luo 49 Director 2010
Christy Young Shue 55 Director 2012
John Chen 46 Director 2012
Yuankai Wen 71 Director 2010

The following paragraphs provide information about each director, including all positions he or she holds, his or her principal occupation and business experience for the past five years, and the names of other publicly-held companies of which he or she currently serves as a director or has served as a director during the past five years.

Xiaojun Zhu, the President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman of the Board of Directors of China HGS, began his entrepreneurial career in 1995 by creating a privately-run real estate company in Hanzhong, Shaanxi Province. With more than 20 years’ experience, Mr. Zhu is considered to be one of China’s most influential business leaders in the real estate industry. In October 2005, Mr. Zhu received the “Top 100 Management Elites in China’s Building Industry 2005” award by the Chinese Academy of Management Science. Mr. Zhu also received the “Innovative Shaanxi - Person of the Year 2007” award and the “Outstanding Socialism Builder of Shaanxi Province in 2008” award. In August 2009, Mr. Zhu joined China Agro as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. In 2007, before joining China Agro, Mr. Zhu served as the Chairman and General Manager of Shaanxi Guangsha Investment and Development Group Co., Ltd. From 1995 to 2007, Mr. Zhu was the Chairman and General Manager of Hanzhong Guangsha Real Estate Development Co, Ltd., a real estate development company. From 1992 to 1995, prior to starting his own business, Mr. Zhu served as a Vice General Manager in the real estate-based subsidiary of Hanjiang Building Material Group Corporation. From 1985 to 1988, Mr. Zhu studied at Shaanxi Metallurgy College. As the founder of the Company, Mr. Zhu is acknowledged to be one of China’s leading business executives in the real estate industry and is able to provide the Board with an understanding of the Company’s business as well as provide expert perspective on industry trends and opportunities. Mr. Zhu’s experience with the Company from its founding also offers the Board insight to the evolution of the Company, including from execution, cultural, operational, competitive and industry points of view.

Christy Young Shue has served as a director since August 2012. Ms. Shue served as Executive Vice President, Finance and Investor Relations and Corporate Secretary of Harbin Electric, Inc. (NASDAQ: HRBN) from 2007 through April 2012, when Harbin went private as a result of a management buyout transaction. From 2006 through 2007, Ms. Shue was a Vice President, a Senior Investor Relations Consultant at Christensen, an Investor Relations advisory firm. From 2003 through 2006, Ms. Shue served as Investor Relations Manager at International Paper (NYSE: IP). Ms. Shue received her MBA degree in finance/international business from Stern School of Business, New York University, a Ph.D. in Chemistry from Purdue University, and a Bachelor of Science degree in Chemistry from Sichuan University. Ms. Shue’s previous experience as an officer and Investor Relations manager for public companies has given her insights into various challenges that public companies experience, as well as extensive knowledge and understanding of capital market related issues such as corporate governance and financial reporting.

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John Chen has served as a director since August 2012. Mr. Chen is a California Certified Public Accountant. Mr. Chen has been the Chief Financial Officer of General Steel Holdings Inc. (NYSE: GSI) since May 2004. From 1997 to 2003, Mr. Chen was a Senior Accountant at Moore Stephens Frazer and Torbet. Mr. Chen received his Bachelor of Science degree in Business Administration, Accounting from California State Polytechnic University. Mr. Chen’s experience as a California Certified Public Accountant and his experience as a chief financial officer of a public company have provided him with broad experience in finance including accounting and financial reporting. This experience has led our Board of Directors to determine that he is an “audit committee financial expert” as that term is defined in Item 407(d)(5) of Regulation S-K under the 1934 Act.

Yuankai Wen has served as a director since January 2010.  Since 1998, Mr. Wen has served as the Chairman of Beijing Neolinde Management Training Center.  From 1997 to 1998, he was also the Chairman of Beijing Neolinde Management Consulting Co. From 1994 through 1997, Mr. Wen was a Vice President of Roosevelt China Investment Co., an investment firm. Mr. Wen received his Bachelor’s degree in Chemistry from Nanjing University. He was also a visiting scholar of Physical and Chemical Biology Institute, University of Paris in France. Mr. Wen’s experience as Chairman of the Beijing Neolinde Management Graining Center and as Chairman of the Beijing Neolinde Management Consulting Co. has provided him with broad leadership and executive experience. Moreover, his management experience in China provides him with a perspective on Chinese business operations.

Shenghui Luo has served as a director since January 2010.  Ms. Luo joined Shaanxi Guangsha Investment and Development Group Co., Ltd., the Company’s subsidiary, in 1997.  From 2000 through March 2009, Ms. Luo served as Vice Director of the Finance Department of Shaanxi Guangsha Investment and Development Group Co., Ltd.  In March 2009, Ms. Luo was appointed a Manager of the Finance Department of Shaanxi Guangsha Investment and Development Group Co., Ltd. Ms. Luo received her Bachelor’s degree in Accounting from Shaanxi Finance College. As a result of Ms. Luo’s service as a member of the Company’s finance department, she developed an extensive understanding of the Company’s business. In addition, her knowledge and experience in finance and accounting provides her with a broad understanding of the Company’s financial reporting under both PRC and US GAAP.

Family Relationships

No family relationships exist among our directors, executive officers, or persons nominated or chosen by us to become directors or executive officers.

All directors hold office until the next annual stockholders’ meeting or until their death, resignation, retirement, removal, disqualification, or until their successors have been elected and are qualified. Our officers serve at the will of the Board of Directors.

Involvement in Certain Legal Proceedings

To the best of our knowledge, none of our directors or executive officers have been convicted in a criminal proceeding, excluding traffic violations or similar misdemeanors, or has been a party to any judicial or administrative proceeding during the past five years that resulted in a judgment, decree or final order enjoining the person from future violations of, or prohibiting activities subject to, federal or state securities laws, or a finding of any violation of federal or state securities laws, except for matters that were dismissed without sanction or settlement. Except as set forth in our discussion below in “Certain Relationships and Related Transactions,” none of our directors, director nominees or executive officers has been involved in any transactions with us or any of our directors, executive officers, affiliates or associates which are required to be disclosed pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC.

Code of Ethics

The Board of Directors has adopted a Code of Conduct which sets forth the standards by which the Company’s employees, officers and directors should conduct themselves. The Company will disclose any amendment to the Code of Conduct or waiver of a provision of the Code of Conduct that applies to the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and any other principal financial officer, and any other person performing similar functions and relates to certain elements of the Code of Conduct, including the name of the officer to whom the waiver was granted.

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Committees of the Board of Directors

The Board of Directors has the following standing committees: Audit, Compensation, and Nominating and Corporate Governance. The Board of Directors has adopted written charters for each of these committees. All members of the committees appointed by the Board of Directors are non-employee directors and the Board of Directors has determined that all such members are independent under the applicable rules and regulations of NASDAQ and the SEC, as currently in effect. In addition, all directors who served on a committee during any portion of the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018 were independent under the applicable rules and regulations of NASDAQ and the SEC during such director’s period of service.

The following chart details the membership of each standing committee as of September 30, 2018 and the number of meetings each committee held in fiscal year 2018.

Name of Director Audit Compensation Nominating &
Corporate
Governance
Christy Young Shue M M C
John Chen C M M
Yuankai Wen M C M
Number of Meetings in Fiscal 2017 4 1 1

M = Member C = Chair

Executive Officers

Our executive officers and their age as of September 30, 2018 are as follows:

Name Ages Position
Xiaojun Zhu * 51 President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors
Wei (Samuel) Shen** 39 Chief Financial Officer

*Mr. Zhu’s background and business experience is described above under “Directors”

**Wei (Samuel) Shen has been the Chief Financial Officer of the Company since May 2012. From November 2011 to May 2012, Mr. Shen was the Vice President for Finance of the Company. Mr. Shen is also the Director at Bluehill Investment Advisory Group, a PRC based financial consulting firm and the chief financial officer of New Era Minerals Inc. (TSX.V: NEM), a junior resource company. From 2006 to 2011, Mr. Shen served as an Audit Assurance Manager for a national public accounting firm, where he managed audit engagements for U.S. public companies. Mr. Shen holds both Chartered Accountant and Certified Public Accountant designations and is experienced with financial reporting under IFRS and US GAAP. Mr. Shen holds a Master of Management and Public Accounting.

Audit Committee

The Audit Committee oversees our accounting, financial reporting and audit processes; appoints, determines the compensation of, and oversees, the independent registered public accountants; pre-approves audit and non-audit services provided by the independent registered public accountants; reviews the results and scope of audit and other services provided by the independent registered public accountants; reviews the accounting principles and practices and procedures used in preparing our financial statements; oversees the Company’s internal audit function; and reviews our internal controls.

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The Audit Committee works closely with management and our independent registered public accountants. The Audit Committee also meets with our independent registered public accountants without members of management present, on a quarterly basis, following completion of our independent registered public accountants’ quarterly reviews and annual audit and prior to our earnings announcements, to review the results of their work. The Audit Committee also meets with our independent registered public accountants to approve the annual scope and fees for the audit services to be performed.

The Board of Directors has determined that John Chen is an “audit committee financial expert” as defined by SEC rules, as currently in effect.

Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act, requires the executive officers and directors of the Company and every person who is directly or indirectly the beneficial owner of more than 10% of any class of security of the Company to file reports of ownership and changes in ownership with the SEC. Such persons also are required to furnish our company with copies of all Section 16(a) forms they file.

Based solely on our review of copies of such forms received by us, we believe that during the fiscal year 2013, the executive officers and directors of the Company and every person who is directly or indirectly the beneficial owner of more than 10% of any class of security of the Company complied with the filing requirements of Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act.

Item 11.  Executive Compensation

Compensation of Executive Officers

Compensation Discussion and Analysis

Our primary goal with respect to our compensation programs has been to attract and retain the most talented and dedicated employees in key positions in order to compete effectively in the market place, successfully execute our growth strategies, and create lasting shareholder value. The Compensation Committee evaluates both individual and Company performance when determining the compensation of our executives. Our executives’ overall compensation is tied to the Company financial and operational performance, as measured by revenues and net income, as well as to accomplishing strategic goals such as merger and acquisitions and fund raising. We apply our compensation policies consistently for determining compensation of our Chief Executive Officer as we do with the other executives. The Compensation Committee assesses the performance of our Chief Executive Officer annually and determines the base salary and incentive compensation of our Chief Executive Officer. Our Chief Executive Officer is primarily responsible for the assessment of our other executive officers’ performance.

Summary Compensation Table

The following identified persons (the “Named Executive Officers”) of the Company received compensation in the amounts set forth in the chart below for the fiscal years ended September 30, 2016, 2015 and 2014. All compensation listed is in US dollars. No other item of compensation was paid to any officer or director of the Company other than reimbursement of expenses.

Name and Principal Position Year Salary ($) Bonus ($)

All Other

Compensation ($)

Totals ($)
Xiaojun Zhu, Chief Executive Officer and 2018 30,596 - (2) 30,596
Chairman of the Board (1) 2017 29,367 - (2) 29,367
Wei Shen, Chief Financial Officer 2018 110,146 - - 110,146
2017 105,720 - - 105,720

(1) Mr. Zhu was paid in Renminbi. His annual salary was RMB 200,000 for fiscal 2018 and 2017. The amounts reflected in this column have been converted to U.S. dollars at the exchange rate of RMB 6.5368 to the U.S. dollar for fiscal 2018 and RMB 6.6533 to the U.S. dollar for fiscal 2017.

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Option Grants Table. There were no individual grants of stock options to purchase our common stock made to the executive officers named in the Summary Compensation Table in fiscal 2018 and 2017.

Aggregated Option Exercises and Fiscal Year-End Option Value Table. There were no stock options exercised during fiscal 2018 and 2017 by any executive officer named in the Summary Compensation Table.

Long-Term Incentive Plan (“LTIP”) Awards Table. There were no awards made to a Named Executive Officer in fiscal 2018 and 2017 under any LTIP.

Our executive officers are reimbursed by us for any out-of-pocket expenses incurred in connection with activities conducted on our behalf. There is no limit on the amount of these out-of-pocket expenses and there will be no review of the reasonableness of such expenses by anyone other than our board of directors, which includes persons who may seek reimbursement, or a court of competent jurisdiction if such reimbursement is challenged.

Employment Contracts and Termination of Employment

The Company is under a contract with Mr. Samuel Shen to serve as Chief Financial Officer of the Company for an indefinite period upon mutual agreement between Mr. Shen and the Company, subject to parties’ right to terminate on reasonable notice. Pursuant to the contract, Mr. Shen receives a monthly salary of RMB 60,000 ($9,179) and a discretional bonus of up to RMB 180,000 ($27,536). Mr. Shen is also entitled to 100,000 shares of restricted common stock of the Company at the end of the term, subject to his continuing employment with the Company and the board’s approval. Mr. Shen did not receive any bonus or restricted stock for the years ended September 30, 2018, 2017 and 2016. According to the contract, the Company may terminate the contract with Mr. Shen for causes defined in the contract with thirty days’ advance written notice. Under certain circumstances provided in the contract, the Company may elect to pay an additional month’s salary in lieu of providing advance written notice to terminate Mr. Shen. Mr. Shen may terminate the contract with the Company by giving ninety days’ advance written notice to the Company. The contract also contains covenants regarding non-competition and confidentiality.

Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal 2018 Year End

None.

Compensation of Directors

The following table provides information regarding compensation earned by non-employee directors who served during fiscal 2018.

FISCAL 2018 DIRECTOR COMPENSATION

Name Fees Earned
or Paid in
Cash ($)
Stock
Awards ($)
Option
Awards ($)
Non-Equity
Incentive Plan
Compensation ($)
Nonqualified
Deferred
Compensation
Earnings ($)
All Other
Compensation ($)
Total ($)
Yuankai Wen * $ 15,298 - - - - - $ 15,298
John Chen $ 36,000 - 18,333 - - - $ 54,333
Christy Young Shue $ 24,000 - 18,333 - - - $ 42,333

These amounts reflect the value determined by the Company for accounting purposes for these awards and do not reflect whether the recipient has actually realized a financial benefit from the award (such as by exercising stock options). These amounts represents a compensation expense for fiscal year 2018. Pursuant to SEC rules, the amounts shown exclude the impact of estimated forfeitures related to service-based vesting conditions. No stock option awards were forfeited by any of our non-employee directors in fiscal year 2018.

* Mr. Wen receives annual compensation in the amount of RMB 100,000. The amount set forth in this column is based on an exchange rate of RMB 6.5368 to the U.S. dollar.

79

Independent Director Agreements

The Company has entered into Independent Director Agreements with Ms. Shue, and Messrs. Chen and Wen pursuant to which the Company has agreed to pay each of these directors annual cash compensation in the amount of $24,000, $36,000 and RMB 100,000, respectively.  In addition, in August 2012, the Company agreed to grant each of Ms. Shue, and Messrs. Chen, two of our independent directors, non-statutory stock options to purchase 60,000 and 60,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, respectively, which options shall vest in accordance with the schedule determined as of the date of grant. On August 22, 2015, the Company renewed the independent Director Agreements with Ms. Shue, and Messrs. Chen and granted stock options to them to purchase up to an aggregate of 120,000 shares of the Company’s common stock.  The shares underlying the options become excisable during the following 36 months period at the end of each quarter. The exercise price of the options is $1.89 per share. These options were expired in fiscal 2018. In addition, the Company has agreed to reimburse each director for all reasonable, out-of-pocket expenses, subject to the advance approval of the Company incurred in connection with the performance of Director’s duties.

Board Leadership Structure and Role in Risk Oversight

One person currently holds the positions of principal executive officer and chairman of the Board of Company. The Board does not have a policy on whether or not the roles of the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman should be separate.  Instead, the Company’s By-Laws provide that the directors may designate a Chairman of the Board from among any of the directors.  Accordingly, the Board reserves the right to vest the responsibilities of the Chief Executive Officer and Chairman in the same person or in two different individuals depending on what it believes is in the best interest of the Company.   The Board has determined that the consolidation of these roles is appropriate because it allows Mr. Zhu to bring a wider perspective to the deliberations of the Board on matters of corporate strategy and policy.  The Board believes that there is no single Board leadership structure that would be most effective in all circumstances and therefore retains the authority to modify this structure to best address the Company’s and the Board’s then current circumstances as and when appropriate.

The Company’s management is responsible for identifying, assessing and managing the material risks facing the business. The Board and, in particular, the Audit Committee are responsible for overseeing the Company’s processes for assessing and managing risk.  Each of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, with input as appropriate from other appropriate management members, report and provide relevant information directly to either the Board and/or the Audit Committee on various types of identified material financial, reputational, legal, operational, environmental and business risks to which the Company is or may be subject, as well as mitigation strategies for certain salient risks.  In accordance with NASDAQ requirements and as set forth in its charter, the Audit Committee periodically reviews and discusses the Company’s business and financial risk management and risk assessment policies and procedures with senior management, the Company’s independent auditor.  The Audit Committee reports its risk assessment function to the Board.  The roles of the Board and the Audit Committee in the risk oversight process have not affected the Board leadership structure. Although the board has not formally designated a lead independent director, Mr. Sherman, the chairman of the audit committee, has led the meetings of the audit committee which include at least a majority of the independent directors and at which matters appropriate for consideration at executive sessions of the board of directors were discussed.

Item 12.  Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management

The following table sets forth information regarding the beneficial ownership of our common stock as of December 8, 2017 as to (i) each person who is known by us to own beneficially more than 5% of our outstanding common stock, (ii) each of the executive officers and other persons named in the Summary Compensation Table, (iii) each director and nominee for director, and (iv) all directors and executive officers as a group. Except as otherwise indicated in the footnotes, all information with respect to share ownership and voting and investment power has been furnished to us by the persons listed. Except as otherwise indicated in the footnotes, each person listed has sole voting power with respect to the shares shown as beneficially owned. Unless otherwise indicated, the address of each listed shareholder is c/o China HGS Real Estate Inc., 6 Xinghan Road, 19th Floor, Hanzhong City, Shaanxi Province, PRC 723000.

80

Name and Address of Beneficial Owner Amount and
Nature of
Beneficial
Ownership(1)
Percent
of
Class (2)
5% Holders
Rising Pilot, Inc. (a British Virgin Islands company)(3) 14,000,000 31.1 %
Directors and Officers
Mr. Xiaojun Zhu(4) 29,800,000 66.2 %
Shenghui Luo 1,680,000 3.7 %
Yuankai Wen - -
Christy Young Shue - -
John Chen - -
Wei (Samuel) Shen - -
All directors and executive officers as a group (5 persons) 31,480,000 69.9 %

(1) Except as indicated in the footnotes to this table and pursuant to applicable community property laws, the persons named in the table have sole voting and investment power with respect to all shares of common stock owned by such person. The number of shares beneficially owned includes common stock that such individual has the right to acquire as of December 8, 2016 or within 60 days thereafter, including through the exercise of stock options.

(2) Percentage of beneficial ownership is based upon 45,050,000 shares of common stock outstanding as of December 8, 2018. For each named person, this percentage includes common stock that the person has the right to acquire either currently or within 60 days of December 8, 2018, including through the exercise of an option; however, such common stock is not deemed outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage owned by any other person.

(3) Mr. Xiaojun Zhu has voting and dispositive control over securities held by Rising Pilot, Inc.

(4) Includes 15,800,000 shares of common stock owned by Mr. Zhu directly and 14,000,000 shares owned through Rising Pilot, Inc.

Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

On September 25, 2012, our shareholders approved the Company’s 2012 Omnibus Securities and Incentive Plan (the “2012 Plan”). The 2012 Plan provides for the grant of awards which are distribution equivalent rights, incentive stock options, non-qualified stock options, performance shares, performance units, restricted shares of common stock, restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights (“SARs”), tandem stock appreciation rights, unrestricted shares of common stock or any combination of the foregoing, to key management employees and nonemployee directors of, and nonemployee consultants of, the Company or any of its subsidiaries (each a “participant”). We have reserved a total of 2,000,000 shares of common stock for issuance as or under awards to be made under the 2012 Plan. The number of shares of common stock for which awards which are options or SARs may be granted to a participant under the 2012 Plan during any calendar year is limited to 1,000,000.

81

The following table summarizes information with respect to shares of the Company’s common stock that may be issued under the Company’s existing equity compensation plans as of September 30, 2018:

Plan Category Number of
securities to be
issued upon
exercise of
outstanding
options,
warrants and
rights
Weighted-average
exercise price of
outstanding
options, warrants
and rights
Number of
securities
remaining
available for
future issuance
under equity
compensation
plans (excluding
securities
reflected in
column (a))
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders - $ - 2,000,000
Total - $ - 2,000,000

Changes in Control

There are no arrangements known to us, including any pledge by any person of our securities, the operation of which may at a subsequent date result in a change in control of the Company.

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions

The Audit Committee is responsible for reviewing, approving or ratifying all material transactions between us and any related person. Related persons can include any of our directors or executive officers, certain of our shareholders, and any of their immediate family members. This obligation is set forth in our Audit and Finance Committee Charter. Although we do not have a formal written policy with respect to our Audit Committee’s policies and procedures for reviewing related party transactions, in evaluating such transactions, the Audit Committee members apply the same standards of good faith and fiduciary duty they apply to their general responsibilities as a committee of the board and as individual directors. In any transaction involving a related party, our Audit Committee considers all available material facts and circumstances of the transaction, including: (i) the direct and indirect interests of the related party; (ii) if the related party is a director (or immediate family member of a director or an entity with which a director is affiliated), the impact such transaction would have on the director’s independence; (iii) the risks, costs and benefits to us; and (iv) whether any alternative transactions for comparable purposes are available. Our Audit Committee then makes a determination as to whether the proposed terms of the transaction are in the best interests of the Company and otherwise consistent with arm’s length dealings with unrelated third-parties.

The following related party transactions occurred during the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018:

The Company has a one year loan agreement (“USD Loan Agreement”) with our Chairman, CEO and major shareholder”), pursuant to which the Company borrowed $1,810,000 to make a capital injection into Shaanxi HGS, the Company’s subsidiary. The interest rate for the loan is 4% per annum and the loan matured on July 19, 2014. The Company entered into the amendments to the USD Loan Agreement to extend the term until July 31, 2019. The Company recorded interest of $72,400 for each of the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017. The Company has not yet paid this interest and it is recorded in accrued expenses in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2018 and 2017.

On December 31, 2013, Shaanxi Guangsha Investment and Development Group Co., Ltd. (the “Guangsha”), the Company's PRC operating subsidiary, entered into a loan agreement with the Chairman (the “Shareholder RMB Loan Agreement”), pursuant to which Guangsha is able to borrow in order to support the Company’s Liang Shan Road construction project development and the Company’s working capital needs. The Loan Agreement has a one-year term, and has been renewed upon maturity, with at an interest rate of 4.35% per year. The RMB loan balance as of September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $332,110 and $494,632, respectively. For the years ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the interest was $28,586 and $42,141, respectively, which is capitalized in the development cost of Liangzhou road project.

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Director Independence

The Board of Directors has determined that Christy Young Shue, John Chen, and Yuankai Wen are independent directors within the meaning set forth in the NASDAQ listing rules, as currently in effect.

Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services

Friedman LLP served as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm for fiscal years 2018 and 2017. Fees (excluding reimbursements for out-of-pocket expenses) paid to Friedman LLP for services in fiscal 2018 and 2017 were as follows:

2018 2017
Audit Fees $ 245,500 $ 222,500
Audit-Related Fees - -
Tax Fees - -
All Other Fees - -
Total $ 245,500 $ 222,500

“Audit Fees” consisted of fees for the audit of our annual financial statements, review of the financial statements included in our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and services that are normally provided by the independent registered public accountants in connection with statutory and regulatory filings or engagements for those fiscal years. This category also includes advice on audit and accounting matters that arose during, or as a result of, the audit or the review of interim financial statements, statutory audits required by non-U.S. jurisdiction, the preparation of an annual “management letter” on internal control matters and assurance services provided in connection with the assessment and testing of internal controls with respect to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

“Audit-Related Fees” consisted of assurance and related services by Friedman LLP that are reasonably related to the performance of the audit or review of our financial statements and are not reported above under “Audit Fees.”

“Tax Fees” consisted of professional services rendered by Friedman LLP for tax compliance and tax planning. The services for the fees disclosed under this category include tax return preparation and technical tax advice.

The above amounts relate to services provided in the indicated fiscal years, irrespective of when they were billed. The Audit Committee considered the compatibility of non-audit services by Friedman LLP with the maintenance of that firm’s independence and determined, in each case, that at all times, Friedman LLP remained independent.

The Audit Committee Charter establishes a policy governing our use of Friedman LLP for audit and non-audit services. Under the Charter, the Audit Committee is required to pre-approve all audit and non-audit services performed by the Company’s independent registered public accountants in order to ensure that the provision of such services does not impair the public accountants’ independence. The Audit Committee pre-approves certain audit and audit-related services, subject to certain fee levels. Any proposed services that are not a type of service that has been pre-approved or that exceed pre-approval cost levels require specific approval by the Audit Committee in advance. The Audit Committee has approved all audit and audit-related services to be performed by Friedman LLP in 2018.

83

Part IV

ITEM 15          Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

Exhibit
No.
Title of Document
3.1 Articles of Incorporation(1)
3.2 Articles of incorporation of the registrant as amended with the Secretary of State of Florida on October 8, 2009(2)
3.3 Bylaws(1)
10.1 Share Exchange Agreement by and between the Company, China HGS Investment, Inc., and Rising Pilot, Inc. dated August 21, 2009(3)
10.2 Entrusted Management Agreement, dated as of September 18, 2009, by and among the Company, Mr. Xiaojun Zhu and his management staff (English translation)(4)
10.3 Independent Director Agreement between China HGS Real Estate Inc. and Yuankai Wen(2)
10.4 Form of Indemnification Agreement(2)
10.5 Form of Nonstatutory Stock Option Agreement(5)
10.6 Residential Apartment Bulk Purchasing Agreement dated May 28, 2011 between Hanzhong Municipal Public Security Bureau and Shaanxi Guangsha Investment and Development Group Co., Ltd. (English translation)(6)
10.7 Residential Apartment Bulk Purchasing Agreement dated June 8, 2011 between Hanzhong Municipal Bureau of Justice and Shaanxi Guangsha Investment and Development Group Co., Ltd. (English translation)(7)
10.8 USD Shareholder Loan Agreement by and between the Company and Mr. Xiaojun Zhu dated July 28, 2011(English translation)(8)
10.9 Land Use Rights Transfer Agreement between Shaanxi Guangsha Investment and Development Group Co., Ltd. and Hanzhong Guangxia Real Estate Development Limited dated March 16, 2011 (English translation)(9)
10.10 Loan Agreement by and between Shaanxi Guangsha Investment and Development Group Co. and Mr. Xiaojun Zhu dated November 14, 2011 (English translation)(9)
10.11 Independent Director Agreement by and between China HGS Real Estate Inc. and John Chen, dated August 22, 2012(12)
10.12 Independent Director Agreement by and between China HGS Real Estate Inc. and Christy Young Shue, dated August 22, 2012(13)
10.13 Labor Contract by and between Shaanxi Guangsha Investment and Development Group Co., Ltd. and Wei (Samuel) Shen, dated May 28, 2012(14)
10.14 Form of Indemnification Agreement(15)
10.15 Loan Amendment Agreement by and between China HGS Real Estate Inc. and Mr. Xiaojun Zhu, dated July 19, 2013(16)
10.16 Loan Agreement by and between Shaanxi Guangxia Investment Development Group Co., Ltd. and China Construction Bank, dated August 23, 2013(17)
10.17 Loan Agreement between dated December 31, 2013 by and between Shaanxi Guangsha Investment and Development Group Co., Ltd and Mr. Xiaojun Zhu(18)
14 Code of Conduct(10)
21 List of subsidiaries of the Registrant(11)
31.1* Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of Chief Executive Officer
31.2* Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of Chief Financial Officer
32.1* Section 1350 Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer
101* XBRL Instance Document
* Filed herewith

(1) Incorporated herein by reference to the SB-2 Registration Statement filed on August 31, 2001.

(2) Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to registrant’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q filed on August 16, 2010.

(3) Incorporated herein by reference to the current report on Form 8-K filed on August 21, 2009.

(4) Incorporated herein by reference to the current report on Form 8-K filed on September 18, 2009.

(5) Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the current report on Form 8-K filed on March 17, 2011.

(6) Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the current report on Form 8-K filed on June 3, 2011.

84

(7) Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the current report on Form 8-K filed on June 14, 2011.

(8) Incorporated herein by reference to registrant’s quarterly report on Form 10-Q filed August 15, 2011.

(9) Incorporated herein by reference to the current report on Form 8-K filed on December 23, 2011.

(10) Incorporated herein by reference to the current report on Form 8-K filed on January 22, 2010.

(11) Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 21 to registrant’s annual report on Form 10-K filed on December 29, 2010.

(12) Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the current report on Form 8-K filed on August 22, 2012.

(13) Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the current report on Form 8-K filed on August 22, 2012.

(14) Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the current report on Form 8-K filed on May 29, 2012.

(15) Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the current report on Form 8-K filed on March 15, 2013.

(16) Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the current report on Form 8-K filed on July 22, 2013.

(17) Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the current report on Form 8-K filed on October 15, 2013.

(18) Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the current report on Form 8-K filed on January 7, 2014.

85

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

China HGS Real Estate Inc.

Date: January 10, 2019

By: /s/ Xiaojun Zhu
Xiaojun Zhu
President, Chief Executive Officer,
and Chairman of the Board of Directors

Date: January 10, 2019

By: /s/ Samuel Shen
Samuel Shen
Chief Financial Officer

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

Signature Title Date
/s/ Xiaojun Zhu President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman of the Board of Directors

January 10, 2019

Xiaojun Zhu (Principal Executive Officer)
/s/ Samuel Shen Chief Financial Officer

January 10, 2019

Samuel Shen (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)
/s/ Shenghui Luo Director

January 10, 2019

Shenghui Luo
/s/ Christy Young Shue Director

January 10, 2019

Christy Young Shue
/s/ John Chen Director

January 10, 2019

John Chen
/s/ Yuankai Wen Director

January 10, 2019

Yuankai Wen

86

";


Webplus: HGSH/20190110/10-K_1/2_EX-31.1/000.htm SEC Original: tv509088_ex31-1.htm
CERTIFICATION (1) I have reviewed this Annual Report on Form 10-K of China HGS Real Estate Inc. for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018. (2) Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances



s:4845:" EX-31.1 2 tv509088_ex31-1.htm EXHIBIT 31.1

Exhibit 31.1

CERTIFICATION

I, Xiaojun Zhu, the Chief Executive Officer of the registrant, certify that:

(1)          I have reviewed this Annual Report on Form 10-K of China HGS Real Estate Inc. for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018.

(2)          Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

(3)          Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

(4)          The registrant’s other certifying officers and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15a-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a. Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during  the period in which this report is being prepared;
b. Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles:
c. Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d. Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

(5)          The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a. All  significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b. Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: January 10, 2019

/s/ Xiaojun Zhu
Name: Xiaojun Zhu
Title:  Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer)

";


Webplus: HGSH/20190110/10-K_1/3_EX-31.2/000.htm SEC Original: tv509088_ex31-2.htm
CERTIFICATION (1) I have reviewed this Annual Report on Form 10-K of China HGS Real Estate Inc. for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018. (2) Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances



s:4867:" EX-31.2 3 tv509088_ex31-2.htm EXHIBIT 31.2

Exhibit 31.2

CERTIFICATION

I, Samuel Shen, the Chief Financial Officer of the registrant, certify that:

(1)          I have reviewed this Annual Report on Form 10-K of China HGS Real Estate Inc. for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018.

(2)          Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

(3)          Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

(4)          The registrant’s other certifying officers and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15a-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

a. Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during  the period in which this report is being prepared;
b. Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles:
c. Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d. Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

(5)          The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

a. All  significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b. Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: January 10, 2019

/s/ Samuel Shen
Name: Samuel Shen
Title:  Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

";


Webplus: HGSH/20190110/10-K_1/4_EX-32.1/000.htm SEC Original: tv509088_ex32-1.htm
(1) He has reviewed this Annual Report on Form 10-K of China HGS Real Estate Inc. for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018; and (2) Based on his knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statement made, in the light of the



s:2121:" EX-32.1 4 tv509088_ex32-1.htm EXHIBIT 32.1

Exhibit 32.1

Certification of Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-14(a),

As Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes - Oxley Act of 2002

The undersigned of the Company, certifies that:

(1)          He has reviewed this Annual Report on Form 10-K of China HGS Real Estate Inc. for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018; and

(2)          Based on his knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statement made, in the light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this annual report.

/s/ Xiaojun Zhu
Name: Xiaojun Zhu
Title:  Chief Executive Officer

Date: January 10, 2019

/s/Samuel Shen
Name: Samuel Shen
Title:  Chief Financial Officer

Date: January 10, 2019

A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 has been provided to the Company and will be retained by the Company and will be furnished to the SEC or its staff upon request. This exhibit is not “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 but is instead furnished as provided by applicable rules of the SEC.

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Company Info:

Ticker: HGSH, Company: CHINA HGS REAL ESTATE INC., Type: 10-K, Date: 2019-01-10, XBRL Interactive FinancialsCIK: 0001158420, Location: F4, SIC: 6500, SIC Desc: REAL ESTATE
Business Phone & Address:
6 XINGHAN ROAD, 19TH FLOOR, HANZHONG
SHAANXI 723000

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By | 2019-01-11T04:35:39+00:00 January 10th, 2019|Categories: Chinese Stocks, HGSH, Webplus ver|Tags: , , , , , |0 Comments

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